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Video Transcripts

Methods to the Madness: 3. Publication Title in a Reference Entry

Last updated 4/27/2016


Visual: Walden logo at bottom of screen along with notepad and pencil background.

Audio: Guitar music.


Visual: “Walden University Writing Center. Your writing, grammar, and APA experts” appears in the center of the screen. Background changes to another notebook on a table. “Methods to the APA Madness. Publication Title in a Reference Entry,” text appears in center of screen.

Slide changes to image of a citation style in a blue text box that reads:

Oyo, B., & Kalema, B. M. (2014). Massive open online courses for Africa by Africa. International Review of Research in Open & Distance Learning, 15(6), 1–13. Retrieved from

Below the blue box are two points written on the white background outside of the box that read:

  • Follows capitalization rule: First word, first word after a colon, and proper nouns
  • Sources published as own entity are italicized (books, DVDs).

Audio: Here you can see that we have the title. This particular source is a journal article, so we don’t italicize the title. We only italicize titles of sources that have been published as their own entity. So, a journal article is published with multiple other journal articles—we don’t need to italicize its title.

A book, on the other hand, is published as its own entity, or kind of as its own thing, right? You could go over to a desk and pick up a book and hold it in your hand. So, for that kind of source, we italicize its title. Note that one rule that follows all titles in all reference entries for APA is capitalization rules. And I use this little mantra that I listed down at the bottom.

In APA, for the titles of sources, we only capitalize the first word, the first word after a colon, and any proper nouns. Okay? The first word, the first word after a colon, and any proper nouns. Now, you’ll notice here that what I do in this title—I’ve capitalized the first word, then the proper nouns. If I happened to have a colon in the title, I would have capitalized the first word after that colon.