Last updated 4/27/2016
Visual: Walden logo at bottom of screen along with notepad and pencil background.
Audio: Guitar music.
Visual: “Walden University Writing Center. Your writing, grammar, and APA experts,” appears in the center of the screen. Background changes to another notebook on a table. “Methods to the APA Madness. Why Does Walden Use APA Style?” text appears in the center of the screen.
Slide changes to image of three different citation styles, each in a separate text box. Slide reads:
Oyo, B., & Kalema, B. M. (2014). Massive open online courses for Africa by Africa. International Review of Research in Open & Distance Learning, 15(6), 1–13. Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl
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Oyo, Benedict, and Billy Mathias Kalema. “Massive open online courses for Africa by Africa” International Review of Research in Open & Distance Learning 15.6 (2014): 1–13. Web. 5 May 2015.
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Oyo, Benedict, and Billy Mathias Kalema. “Massive open online courses for Africa by Africa.” International Review of Research in Open & Distance Learning 15, no. 6 (2014): 1–13. Accessed May 5, 2015. http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl
Audio: So, in academic writing there are many different citation styles. Here I’ve included examples of three of the main styles: APA, MLA, and Chicago.
Visual: Each text box containing the reference highlights as narrator says: “APA”, “MLA” and “Chicago.”
Audio: Each style is used in different fields for different audiences. MLA, for example, is often used in the humanities, and Chicago style is also often used in the humanities, but is also a popular style for interdisciplinary publications and academic books.
APA style is here at the top and is the style used in social sciences and is the style that Walden University students use. Because Walden University is primarily a social science university, meaning most of our programs are in the social sciences, we primarily use APA format.
Take a minute to look at the differences in the way each citation style formats the reference entry for this same source. Each citation style emphasizes slightly different information depending on the focus of that particular discipline. For example, note how in APA format the publication year is included near the beginning of the reference entry…
Visual: Under “APA” a square black outline appears around the portion of the reference containing “(2014).”
Audio: …while in MLA and Chicago the year is included later in the reference entry.
Visual: “(2014)” is surrounded by a square black outline in each entry. The boxes in the MLA and Chicago areas are towards the end of the entries, while for APA it is at the beginning.
Audio: This is because in the social sciences when the source was published is important because social science research is often updated and that publication year has more importance in that particular field. The main point here is that Walden uses APA format—it’s important to focus on learning APA format if you’ve used these other citation styles in other writing.
Visual: Slide changes back to notebook and pencil with Walden logo from intro screen. Text reads “Walden University Writing Center. Questions? E-mail email@example.com.”