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Video Transcripts

Using & Crediting Sources: How We Cite

Last updated 5/19/2016


Visual: Walden logo is visible at the bottom of the screen along with a notepad and pencil background. “Walden University Writing Center. Your writing, grammar, and APA experts” appears in center of the screen. Background changes to a note book on a table with a yellow text box on top.  In the textbox, it reads: “Using & Crediting Sources How We Cite.” 

Audio: Music plays. 


Visual: Slide rotates and changes to a blue and brown and grey slide with a heading that reads "How do we cite?" Below that are two large text boxes. The text box to the left reads: “Author (Year) reported that “quote” (p.xx). In-text citation: Citation is part of the grammar of this sentence."  The text box to the right reads: “Paraphrase of an idea goes here (Author, Year). Parenthetical citation: Citation is added at the end of the sentence and isn’t grammatically necessary.”

Audio:  In APA we either use in-text citations or parenthetical citations, and you can see some examples on the slide that we're on right now. Both formats include the name of the author and the year. Also for a direct quote, as we had just mentioned, a citation should include the page or paragraph number. A lot of times it's a page number but with so many more resources being available online without specific pages, there's also the option to use the paragraph number. So with an in-text citation, the citation is, is part of the grammar of the sentence.  So you're going to mention the author or authors within the text of the sentence. And then on the right-hand side, the other option is to use a parenthetical citation. Notice the word parenthetical, like parentheses, so all of the information is within parentheses after the idea that it refers to. And so then you use a parenthetical citation when you don't actually mention the author within the text of the sentence.

Audio: Guitar music plays.


Visual: The screen changes to a pad of paper with a pencil and the Walden University Writing Center logo at the bottom. “Walden University Writing Center. Questions? E-mail” appears in center of the screen.