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Video Transcripts

Plagiarism Detection & Revision Skills: Overt Plagiarism

Last updated 11/11/2019

 

Visual: Walden logo at bottom of screen along with notepad and pencil background.

Audio: Guitar music.

 

Visual: “Walden University Writing Center. Your writing, grammar, and APA experts” appears in center of screen. Background changes to a book on a table and the title “Types of Plagiarism: Overt Plagiarism”

The screen changes to show a slide with the following title and content: Types of Plagiarism

  • Overt Plagiarism [scissors icon]
  • Passive Plagiarism [book icon]
  • Self-Plagiarism [pencil icon]

Audio: We have organized plagiarism into three categories or ways plagiarism can manifest in writing: overt plagiarism, passive plagiarism, and self-plagiarism. In this video, we are focusing on overt plagiarism.

 

Visual: The screen changes to show a slide with the following title and content: Overt Plagiarism

Copying a source word for word without attribution (quotations without citations or quotation marks)

Original Source

  • “Lack of insurance coverage and education explained some of the racial/ethnic disparities observed in diabetes quality of care” (Canedo et al., 2018, p. 12).

Plagiarism in a student’s writing

  • Racial/ethnic disparities observed in diabetes quality of care can be traced to differences in insurance coverage and education.

Missing Quotation Marks

Audio: Overt plagiarism is when writers have improperly cited quotations. This means the writer is copying a source word for word but without attribution. This often takes the form of quotations that don’t have citations or quotation marks. Another way to refer to overt plagiarism might be copy-and-paste plagiarism because it looks as if the author simply copied and pasted portions of a source into their writing without attribution.

Here is an example of overt plagiarism. On the left we have the quote from the original source. On the right, we have an example of overt plagiarism in a student’s writing. In this example, the student has used the same phrasing as the original source, word-for-word, but without quotation marks. Thus, the specific wording is not attributed to the source—they are not given credit where credit is due—which  results in overt plagiarism.

 

Visual: The screen changes to show a slide with the following title and content: Overt Plagiarism

Correction:

  • Canedo et al. (2018) reported that “racial/ethnic disparities observed in diabetes quality of care” (p. 12) can be traced to differences in insurance coverage and education.

 

  1. Citation with authors and year
  2. Quotation marks around the source’s wording
  3. Page or paragraph number for the quotation

Audio: Let’s revise the student’s overt plagiarism by providing the required elements to cite the directly quoted material. Here, we’ve added the following: (1) a citation with the author name and year of publication, (2) quotation marks around the quoted text, and (3) the page number for the quotation.

Writers are required to include all of these elements to appropriately cite quotations and avoid overt plagiarism; if any of these elements are missing, the result is incorrect citing at best and overt plagiarism at worst.

 

Visual: The screen changes to show a slide with the following title and content: Strategies for Avoiding Overt Plagiarism

  • APA Citation Rules
  • Precise Proofing & Editing
  • Careful Note Taking
  • Comprehensive Writing Schedule

Ask for our support!

Audio: Now you know what overt plagiarism is, what overt plagiarism looks like, and how to revise overt plagiarism, let’s think about strategies to help you avoid overt plagiarism.

First, be sure you’re familiar with APA citation rules. As we’ve seen, APA citations are essential to giving credit to the original source for the quotations we use.

Second, practice precise proofing and editing of your writing. It’s understandable if you don’t include perfect citations and quotation marks while writing your first draft. However, it’s essential you incorporate proofing and editing steps into your writing process to look for these omissions.

Third, use careful note taking techniques. When we are in a rush, it’s easy to copy and paste quotations from a source into our notes without separating those quotations from our own thoughts or paraphrases. This is a recipe for overt plagiarism, so when you’re taking the notes, be sure to add quotation marks and citations as you go along. This notation will reduce the likelihood for overt plagiarism.

Finally, a comprehensive writing schedule will help you avoid plagiarism too. Building in time to fully write and incorporate the other strategies is essential to avoiding overt plagiarism; if we’re too rushed to complete assignments by the deadline, we may inadvertently take shortcuts or shortchange these other strategies.

And of course, reach out to us in the Writing Center for our support. Send us an e-mail or visit us at our Live Chat hours to talk through your plagiarism questions; we’re here to support you throughout your Walden program.

 

Visual: The screen changes to end with the words “Walden University Writing Center” and “Questions? E-mail writingsupport@waldenu.edu.”