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Video Transcripts

Nontraditional Sources: Discussion Board Postings

Last updated 6/13/2016


Visual: Walden logo appears at bottom of screen along with notepad and pencil background.

Audio: Guitar music plays.


Visual: “Walden University Writing Center. Your writing, grammar, and APA experts” appears in center of screen. Background changes to stack of leather-bound books on a table. “Nontraditional Sources. Discussion Board Postings”  text appears in center of screen. Slide changes to one titled “Discussion Board Posting.” Body of slide reads: Westings, A.Y. (2013, Feb 12). Module 2 discussion [Online discussion post]. Retrieved from

Audio: A discussion board posting In this case, notice one thing that's different, and that is the month and the day are included in that publication information. That is because with discussion boards, or blog posts or things like that, they are published daily. So you'll want to know the specific date—of this information. You have the title and the --this new information that appears in brackets. This is an online discussion post. Those brackets appear before the period, and then you have the retrieval information.


Visual: Text box appears below reference entry that reads: (Westings, 2013) or (Westings, 2013, para.2).

Audio: So here is an example of what an in-text citation might look like for -- for this source. Again you have the author's surname, Westings, and the year of publication, 2013. Notice you don't need the February 12th in your in-text citation. Remember the in-text citation is meant to be concise and short and point your reader to the reference list. So it doesn't need any extra information. It just needs the basics, author, year and page or paragraph number. In this case, you know, it's a discussion post, so it probably doesn't have page numbers. You would probably -- if you're using a direct quote, you would use the paragraph number and that is abbreviated "para" period and then the number. Now if you're using a long document that has paragraphs or the paragraphs aren't numbered and you would have to count, like, 300 paragraphs, that's really good incentive for you to paraphrase rather than using a direct quote. I'm just throwing that out there. So there are definitely benefits to paraphrasing and using your own words and sentence structure when you get into you know sort of complicated citations if you're using a direct quote.


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