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OASIS Writing Skills

Video Transcripts:
Using & Crediting Sources: Publication Year Quick Tip

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Using & Crediting Sources: Publication Year Quick Tip

Last updated 5/6/2020


Visual: Screen opens to a background image with a person typing on a laptop and a notebook and pencil, along with the Walden University Writing Center logo. The title Walden University Writing Center and tagline “Your writing, grammar, and APA experts” appears on the screen. The screen changes to show the series title “Using and Crediting Sources” and the video title “Publication Year Quick Tip.”

Audio: Guitar music


Visual: Slide changes to the title “Publication Year Quick Tip” and the following text:

Notes on publication years

  • The year is always needed inside parenthetical citations (e.g, Obama, 2009)
  • The year is needed only in the first narrative citation of a source not in parenthesis in a paragraph
  • All subsequent citations do not need publication year in the same paragraph
  • New paragraph: rule starts over

Audio: For a citation, you should include the name of the author and the year. There's one exception to this rule. If you cite the same author for a second time in a paragraph using a narrative citation, you can omit the year with the second and subsequent narrative citations within the paragraph. So basically if you use a narrative citation of the same author for the second time in a paragraph, you don't need to include the year. This rule starts over with a new paragraph. However, you do need to include a year with every parenthetical citation.


Visual: Slide changes to show the following sample paragraph:

Thompson (2009) discussed differentiated instruction. Differentiated instruction is when teachers approach teaching differently for different students and their learning styles. However, Thompson noted that differentiated instruction can be quite difficult to implement. To be successful, teachers must go through professional development to use differentiated instruction well (Thompson, 2009).

Audio: Let’s look at this publication year rule in practice. Notice how in the first sentence we have Thompson (2009), so that's the first time we included the narrative citation from Thompson. We then include a second narrative citation in the second sentence where it says, "However, Thompson noted that...", and here, there’s no year because this is the second time we’re citing Thompson using a narrative citation. However, every parenthetical citation needs a year, and so the last sentence with a parenthetical citation does include the year.

I hope this paragraph helps demonstrate and clarify this APA publication year rule, and my suggestion is that you build in time to edit your writing for this rule specifically. This publication year rule can be tricky to remember as you’re writing, so going back through to check for it after you’re finished with your draft can help you apply this APA rule to your citations.


Visual: The screen changes to an ending slide with slide a background image with a person typing on a laptop and a notebook and pencil, along with the Walden University Writing Center logo. The email address appears on the screen.