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Video Transcripts

Methods to the Madness: 0. Sections of a Reference Entry

Last updated 4/27/2016


Visual: Walden logo at bottom of screen along with notepad and pencil background.

Audio: Guitar music.


Visual: “Walden University Writing Center. Your writing, grammar, and APA experts,” appears in the center of the screen. Background changes to another notebook on a table. “Methods to the APA Madness. Sections of a Reference Entry” text appears in the center of the screen.

Slide changes. Heading of slide reads “Sections of a Reference Entry.” Slide reads:

Author’s Name. (Publication Date). Title of the source. Publication information.

“Publication information” has a blue square outline surrounding it and a text box next to it reads: part that will change the most depending on the type of source.

Audio: Here’s the basic format for a reference entry, and I like to point out that there’s four different parts of a reference entry. Every reference entry in APA has four sections, and they’re separated by periods.


Visual: Green arrow pointer appears next to “Author’s Name” text.

Audio: So, we always start with the author’s name,…


Visual: Arrow moves to point to (Publication Date).

Audio: …then we have the publication date,…


Visual: Arrow moves to point to “Title of the source” text.

Audio: …then we have the title of the source,…


Visual: Arrow moves to point to blue outline around “Publication information.”

Audio: …and the publication information. Now, for the most part, the first three parts generally look the same:…


Visual: Arrow moves back to point to “Author’s Name.”

Audio: …we can all identify the authors’ information in a reference entry, right—it looks pretty much the same. It just varies depending on how many authors there are.


Visual: Arrow points to “(Publication Date)” text.

Audio: The publication date also often looks the same—usually it’s just the publication year, although for a few select sources we also include the date and the month, but usually it’s just the publication year, and it always looks the same in parentheses, followed by a period.


Visual: Arrow moves to point to “Title of the source” text.

Audio: The title also looks pretty much the same. Sometimes the title varies because some titles use italics and some titles don’t, but in general, that title often looks the same too—there’s just a couple of different changes.


Visual: Arrow moves to point to “Publication Information” text.

Audio: It’s really when we get to the publication information where things start going a little strange, right? Because the publication information changes depending on how the sources are published—different kinds of sources are published differently, and that’s really where we get all the variety in our citations and our reference entries. Now, our publication information will change the most, but the publication information is often the most important because it tells the reader how to find the source and what kind of source it was. So, if you give me a reference entry, as long as you formatted the publication information correctly, I can pretty much tell what kind of source you’re looking at like an article versus a book versus a website.