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Video Transcripts

Methods to the Madness: 1. Authors in a Reference Entry

Last updated 4/27/2016


Visual: Walden logo at bottom of screen along with notepad and pencil background.

Audio: Guitar music.


Visual: “Walden University Writing Center. Your writing, grammar, and APA experts,” appears in the center of the screen. Background changes to another notebook on a table.

“Methods to the APA Madness. Authors in a Reference Entry” text appears in center of screen.

Slide changes to image of a citation style in a blue text box that reads:

Oyo, B., & Kalema, B. M. (2014). Massive open online courses for Africa by Africa. International Review of Research in Open & Distance Learning, 15(6), 1–13. Retrieved from

Below the blue box are three points written on the white background outside of the box that read:

  • Author’s (or authors’) last name(s), comma, and first initial
  • References are alphabetized by author last name
  • Author’s name sticks out from rest of reference (hanging intend)


Audio: Alright. So to start out, you’ll list your authors and list the last names followed by a comma and the initials. Now, sometimes students will ask if they need to include two initials or just one. It really depends on what the author’s listed. So if the author in the original article is listing just the first initial, just list the first initial.

If the author, like this second author, lists the first initial and the middle initial, then you’ll list both. You’ll follow the author’s lead on that. Then note that you’ll list the authors, and you’ll include the ampersand instead of writing out the word and.


And that’s pretty much it for authors. We’ll want to use a hanging indent, like I mentioned here at the bottom in my bullet points, but that’s pretty much it. Your reference list should be alphabetized by authors’ last name. And sometimes students will ask how they know what order to list the authors.


Always list authors in the order they are listed in the article itself. Particularly in the social sciences and the hard sciences, it’s really important to list the authors in the order they were published in because being listed as the first author—it means something.


So, the first author usually has had the most influence or done the most work for that particular source. So, it’s really important to include them in the order they’re listed in the publication itself.