Using & Crediting Sources: Citing Paraphrases
Last updated 5/6/2020
Visual: Screen opens to a background image with a person typing on a laptop and a notebook and pencil, along with the Walden University Writing Center logo. The title Walden University Writing Center and tagline “Your writing, grammar, and APA experts” appears on the screen. The screen changes to show the series title “Using and Crediting Sources” and the video title “Citing Paraphrases.”
Audio: Guitar music
Visual: Slide changes to one titled “How do we cite?” Body of slide reads: Paraphrases: Include the author(s) and the year of publication of source paraphrased.
Below this text is a text box that reads: Examples
- Narrative citations: According to Jones (2012), regular consumption of carrots reduces the need for cataract surgery in adults who are 65 and older.
- Parenthetical citations: Regular consumption of carrots reduces the need for cataract surgery in adults who are older (Jones, 2012).
Audio: Here we have an example of a paraphrase that’s cited two ways: with a narrative citation and with a parenthetical citation.
Let’s look at the narrative citation first. Notice how the narrative citation uses the name of the author as part of the sentence. It says “according to Jones”, gives the year, 2012, and then carries on,” regular consumption of carrots reduces the need for cataract surgery in adults who are 65 and older”. This is what marks it as a narrative citation, and all that’s needed to complete the citation is that author and year.
Next, let’s look at the parenthetical citation. In this example, Jones is not referred to in this sentence. The example with the parenthetical citation focuses more on the content of what Jones said rather than the fact that Jones stated the idea. However, it still includes the two components we need for this citation, the author and the year, they just appear together at the end of the sentence. Additionally, note the punctuation here, where the period comes after the parentheses, not before. That period placement can be a common mistake for students, so it’s important to note that the period goes after the citation.
And those are the two ways that we cite paraphrases, either with a narrative or parenthetical citation.
Visual: The screen changes to an ending slide with slide a background image with a person typing on a laptop and a notebook and pencil, along with the Walden University Writing Center logo. The email address email@example.com appears on the screen.