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Video Transcripts

Commonly Cited Sources: Book Reference Entries

Last updated 7/9/2016


Visual: Walden logo at bottom of screen along with notepad and pencil background.

Audio: Guitar music.


Visual: “Walden University Writing Center. Your writing, grammar, and APA experts” appears in center of screen. Background changes to a book on a table and the title “Commonly Cited Sources: Book Reference Entries.”

Slide changes to the title “Book Reference Entries” and the following:

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of the book (xx ed.). City, XX: Publisher.

Audio: Students often use books as sources in their writing, especially early in their coursework, so it’s one of the first reference entries students learn how to create. In this video, we’ll explore how to create a reference entry for a book.


Visual: As the speaker discusses each component of the reference entry, it is highlighted on the slide.

Audio: First let’s look at the basic components of book reference entries.

The reference entry starts with the author or authors of the book, listed in the same order as they are listed in the book itself. Note that you should include the authors’ first and middle initials if they are given in the book.

Next we include the publication year of the book within parentheses. Note that these parentheses are followed by a period.

After the year include the title of the book in sentence case and italicized. This means that only the first word of the title, the first word after the colon, and any proper nouns are capitalized. Also note that this is where we include the book’s edition, if it is not a first edition.

Next include the city and state abbreviation where the book was published. If the book was published outside of the United States, include the city and country (e.g., London, England).

Finally, end the reference entry with the publisher. Note that APA prefers to keep the publisher’s name concise, so remove words like “Publishers” or “Inc.”

One final note: Notice that the book’s ISBN number or other similar information isn’t included here.


Visual: Screenshots of a book’s cover page and copyright information are shown. They look like the following:








Theory and Practice


This book is printed on acid-free paper.

Copyright © 2016 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.

Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.

Published simultaneously in Canada.


Audio: So now we know the basic components of a book reference entry, but where do you find this information? Most of this information can be found on the cover of the book; in this example, we can see the book’s authors, title, and edition. For all of the other information, check the copyright page, where we see the book’s publication year, place of publication, and publisher.  


Visual: The screen changes to show the following reference entry:

Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (2016). Counseling the culturally diverse: Theory and practice (7th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Audio: With this information, we can now create the reference entry. Here you can see that I’ve included both of the book’s authors, including their initials and separating the authors’ names with the ampersand (“&”) symbol. Next we have the year in parentheses and the book’s title, which follows title case and is italicized. After the title I’ve included the book’s edition, and then we end the entry with the place of publication and publisher.

That’s all there is to it! I know reference entry formatting can be overwhelming at first, so be sure to follow our suggestions.


Visual: The screen changes to displaying the following bullets as the speaker discusses them:

  • Take it each section at a time
  • Follow examples
  • Pay close attention to formatting and punctuation
  • Ask if you have questions!

Audio: Approach the reference entry a section at a time; follow the examples on our website, in this video, and in the APA Manual; pay close attention to formatting, like italics, and punctuation, like commas and periods; and ask if you have questions—we’re happy to help!


Visual: The screen changes to end with the words: Walden University Writing Center. Questions? E-mail