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Video Transcripts

Commonly Cited Sources: Journal Article With DOI

Last updated 7/9/2016


Visual: Walden logo at bottom of screen along with notepad and pencil background.

Audio: Guitar music.


Visual: “Walden University Writing Center. Your writing, grammar, and APA experts” appears in center of screen. Background changes to a book on a table and the title “Commonly Cited Sources: Journal Article with a DOI.”

Slide changes to the title “Journal Article Reference Entries” and the following:

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of the article: In sentence case. Title of the Journal, volume(issue), page range. Electronic retrieval information (DOI or URL)

Audio: Journal articles are one of the most commonly used sources in academic writing, so as a Walden student it’s important to learn how to create a reference entry for this type of source. In this video, we’ll explore how to create a reference entry for an article that has a DOI number.

First let’s explore the basic components of article reference entries.


Visual: As the speaker discusses each component of the reference entry, it is highlighted on the slide.

Audio: The reference entry starts with the author or authors of the article, listed in the same order as they are listed in the article itself. Note that you should include the authors’ first and middle initials if they are listed in the article.

Next we include the publication year of the article within parentheses. Note that these parentheses are followed by a period.

After the year include the title of the article in sentence case. This means that only the first word of the title, the first word after the colon, and any proper nouns are capitalized. Also note that this title is not bolded or italicized.

Next include the title of the journal the article was published in. This title appears in title case and is italicized, and is then followed by the volume and issue number. Note that the volume number is italicized, while the issue number is not and appears within parentheses. After the issue number, the page range for the article appears, but there’s no need to label it with wording like “pp.”—simply list the pages the article appears on.

Finally, you need to provide information to help your reader find this source online. APA prefers that authors include the DOI number, which stands for “digital object identifier”, if one is available.  Otherwise, the journal’s home page URL is included. For more in-depth discussion of how to find the DOI number for an article or to determine whether to use a DOI or a URL, be sure to watch our video “Finding DOI or URLs for Journal Article Reference Entries.”


Visual: Screen changes to an example reference entry:

Bach, D., & Blake, D. J. (2016). Frame or get framed: The critical role of issue framing in nonmarket management. California Management Review, 58(3), 66-87. doi:10.1525/cmr.2016.58.3.66

Audio: Alright, now that we know the components of a journal article reference entry, let’s look at an example. Here you can see that I’ve included both authors for this article, including their initials and separating the authors’ names with the ampersand (“&”) symbol. Next we have the year in parentheses and the article’s title, which follows title case, as we discussed. Next the title of the journal and the volume number appear, both in italics. After the volume number, we see the issue number in parentheses and the page range of the article.

Finally, here we can see the DOI number, which does not have a period after it.

Visual: Screen changes to an example reference entry:

Bach, D., & Blake, D. J. (2016). Frame or get framed: The critical role of issue framing in nonmarket management. California Management Review, 58(3), 66-87.

Audio: One final note is that some publishers give articles a DOI/URL hybrid, as we can see here. This DOI/URL hybrid was introduced as an amendment to the 6th edition of the APA Manual, but Walden does not require students to adopt these standards until they are part of the APA Manual’s 7th edition. However you can use this DOI/URL hybrid as long as you use it consistently.

And that’s it! While journal article reference entries might seem complicated at first, you’ll master them with practice and by following these suggestions.


Visual: The screen changes to displaying the following bullets as the speaker discusses them:

  • Take it each section at a time
  • Follow examples
  • Pay close attention to formatting and punctuation
  • Ask if you have questions!

Audio: Approach the reference entry a section at a time; follow the examples on our website, in this video, and in the APA Manual; pay close attention to formatting like italics and punctuation like commas and periods; and ask if you have questions—we’re happy to help!


Visual: The screen changes to end with the words: Walden University Writing Center. Questions? E-mail