Last updated 7/9/2016
Visual: Walden logo at bottom of screen along with notepad and pencil background.
Audio: Guitar music.
Visual: “Walden University Writing Center. Your writing, grammar, and APA experts” appears in center of screen. Background changes to a book on a table and the title “Commonly Cited Sources: Finding DOIs or URLs.”
Slide changes to the title “Finding DOIs or URLs for Journal Article Reference Entries” and the following:
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of the article: In sentence case. Title of the Journal, volume(issue), page range. Electronic retrieval information (DOI or URL)
Audio: An important part of correctly creating a journal article reference entry is including the correct electronic retrieval information. In this video, we’ll focus on the last part of a journal article’s reference entry—the DOI or URL. We’ll discuss how to determine which information to include and how to find it.
Remember, the electronic retrieval information appears at the end of an article’s reference entry. Be sure to watch our other journal article videos if you’d like more information about the other sections of an article’s reference entry.
Visual: Slide changes to the following:
Audio: DOI stands for “digital object identifier”, and it’s a unique number publishers assign to some articles. It is a very useful piece of information because it can direct a reader to the exact article you are referencing, which is why it is also the information APA prefers authors include in an article’s reference entry.
However, not all articles have a DOI. If an article does not have a DOI, authors should include a URL instead, specifically the URL of the journal’s home page. The journal’s home page URL is the most direct but also open-access way to find a journal article if there is no DOI. Because a URL is less useful than a DOI, only use it if you have already determined an article doesn’t have a DOI.
Visual: Slide changes to the following text and screenshots from an article showing the DOI number for the article:
Audio: So how do you find a DOI or URL? Let’s start with a DOI. To find the DOI for an article, first check the Library database where you accessed the article. Sometimes the DOI will be listed with the other publication information for the article. Similarly, sometimes the DOI will be listed on the article itself in the header or footer.
Visual: Slide changes to the following text and screenshots of the crossref.org website and a search result:
Audio: However, if you don’t find the DOI in any of these places, you’re not done yet. The article still might have a DOI, but it’s simply not listed. To check, visit www.crossref.org/guestquery, where you can look up your article to see if it has a DOI. To do so, fill in at least the first author’s last name and the article’s title in the search box. As you can see, this search turned up the article’s DOI.
Visual: Slide changes to the following text: If no DOI number exists—and you have checked to see if the DOI number exists—then move to option #2 of including the journal’s home page URL.
Audio: If you have searched for the DOI and still can’t find it—even after searching on crossref.org—then, and only then, do you move to option number two of including the journal’s home page URL.
Visual: Slide changes to the following text and screenshots of (a) a Google search for the MIS Quarterly home page and (b) the MIS Quarterly’s home page.
Audio: To find the journal’s home page, go to your favorite search engine and enter the journal’s name. Most of the time, the first search result will be the journal, and you can then copy and paste the journal’s home page URL into your reference entry.
Now you know how to find and include a DOI or URL. While journal article reference entries might seem complicated at first, you’ll master them with practice and by following these guidelines.
Visual: The screen changes to displaying the following bullets as the speaker discusses them:
Audio: Always check to see if a DOI exists; watch our other journal article videos for more information; and ask if you have questions—we’re happy to help!
Visual: The screen changes to end with the words: Walden University Writing Center. Questions? E-mail email@example.com.