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Using Evidence: Overview

Basics of Using Evidence

One of the central features of scholarly writing is the use of evidence to make an argument. You must learn how to incorporate other scholars' writing and arguments into your own.

In scholarly writing, you will often use paraphrased material or direct quotations from other sources to support your research and strengthen your academic argument. Although direct quotations are generally not as strong as paraphrases, they can add evidence and substance to your scholarly argument. Do keep in mind, however, that some instructors forbid direct quotations for some assignments.

In using quotations or source material, however, you must adequately incorporate the quotations and ideas from your sources. Simply inserting the material into your paragraph is not enough. You must incorporate your citation information, and then introduce, integrate, and explain your use of the quotations or source material.

On the following subpages, learn how to introduce, integrate, and explain evidence that you use from other sources.


As a student at Walden, you are familiar with Turnitin as a resource for checking your papers for similarity to published resources. In addition to the official Turnitin dropboxes in your courses, you can consult the Academic Skills Center's help pages on interpreting Turnitin reports.