Last updated 4/27/2016
Visual: Walden logo at bottom of screen along with notepad and pencil background.
Audio: Guitar music.
Visual: “Walden University Writing Center. Your writing, grammar, and APA experts,” appears in the center of the screen. Background changes to notebook open on wooden table. “Using & Crediting Sources. Citing Quotations,” text appears in center of screen.
Slide changes to one titled “How do we cite?”
Body of slide reads: Direct quotations: Include the author(s), year and page or paragraph of the quote.
Below body text is a text box which reads: Examples.
In-text: Malone (2012) reported that “women who exercised regularly during pregnancy have children who score…5 points higher on intelligence tests” (p.297).
Parenthetical: Exercising during pregnancy is important, as “pregnant women who exercised regularly during their second and third trimesters were 45% less likely to have gestational diabetes that those who did not exercise” (Harner, 2013, para. 4).
Audio: …the page number even though we put the author and the year kind of in the middle or at the beginning of the sentence, the page number will always come right after the end of the direct quote, notice the punctuation here. The direct quote is surrounded by quotation marks. After the quotation marks comes the parentheses with the page number and then after that comes the period. And the page number comes at the end no matter if you use an in-text citation or a parenthetical citation. And in the parenthetical example here, just like before, all of the information comes at the end of the idea that it refers to, at the end of the sentence. And in this case we're referring to a paragraph number—so “p-a-r-a” is used instead of just the p that would indicate a page number.
Visual: Slide changes to notebook with Walden logo from introduction. Text reads: Walden University Writing Center. Questions? E-mail email@example.com.