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Transcript - Introduction to Business & IT Statistics Research - Oct 29 2019

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Introduction to Business & IT Statistics Research


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So as I said, this is Introduction to Business & IT Statistics Research. We're going to go over some of the library resources, at least things we have linked in the library. I want to show you how to get help in the library. This is very much geared towards students who are working on their prospectus, not that it doesn't have to be anybody, it could be anybody looking for data and statistics.  Some of the things I will be discussing, I point out things that could be helpful for people in the DBA, DIT PhD program this can be helpful for anyone beyond that, too.  Again will be looking at government statistics and then some search tips on the library, too. if you have any questions about that please do let me know and thank you for letting me know that you can hear me and see me, that's very helpful.  So I'm going to head out of our agenda, let's head into the library.


Like I said, I want to show you how you can contact the library if you have questions. The first thing I'm going to have you do is look at our Ask a Librarian section, and hopefully many of you have already had the opportunity to email us chat with us.   If you're a doctoral student perhaps you got a chance to make an appointment.  But I wanted to show you these three things are an option.   You can also leave us a voicemail for you would leave us a detailed message and we will get back to you via email.  Chat is available seven days a week and the hours are posted here.  Once it's live you will see a button that says chat is live in. You click on it and we will be there for you.  Just know that those questions you are going to be asking, it's easier for us to answer five minute, 10 minute questions.  If you were going to walk up to us and ask a five-minute question, something that would be answered pretty quickly, chat is great for that.  If you have a really in-depth research question that might be better for email. We might [indiscernible refer you to email if it is really in-depth.  We want you to get the best instruction possible and chat can be difficult for that.


If you're a doctoral student you can come in here and make an appointment.  Select the right college.  You don't have to just select the College of Management and Technology. If you happen to be in a different program or your research goes under another area and you might like to see what other subject librarian might say about researching there, please by all means feel free to make an appointment with them.


But as far as if you happen to be the college of management technology or if you are a doctoral student, again, DBA, DIT, PhD Management.  CMT, I'm not going to click through the all things, but we will walk to the next step here.  We should be getting new appointment software soon, so that might delay some of our appointments for the next month, I think for December. But if you ever need more help for trying to set up an appointment, you can always email the library or email me directly.


That's a great question, the question was, how quickly do we respond to emails? SLA is usually 24 hours but it's usually a lot faster than that.  Keep in mind if you email us in the night you probably won't get a response until the next morning, just because we don't have people on the desk all night long.  But it has seven days a week. The only time that it tends to be a little bit slower the term start, that's when we get a lot of emails. That would be the only time it's a little slow. But other than that, we should have a response within 24 hours.


Back to the library homepage, I want to show you where upcoming webinars and recorded webinars live.  If you go under Get help, you will see Upcoming webinars and Recorded webinars. I'm not going to click on Upcoming webinars, feel free to check that out if you would like.  And if you click on Recorded webinars, you can come check out any subject area you want, including library skills.  So these library skills are going to be more general like developing keywords or developing a database, something specific to a resource versus a subject area.  Today's is going to be under Business and Management.  I'm not going to click on it but I want you to know where it lives.


Now that you know how to find a recorded webinar, I'm going to dig into our content today.  There's a couple resources in the library that I want to point out and they require a couple clicks.  I'm going to go slow from the homepage, if anybody needs me to repeat these steps, please let me know in the questions box.  So we're going to go to Library skills and then Library skills guides. And a lot of the stuff I'm going to be clicking into today is going to be coming from this Statistics and Data guide that we've created. I'm going to open up in a new tab to click out of these two so they don't confuse me when I go out of our content. 


So I’ve opened the Statistics and Data page, and the other thing I want to point out is one of our topic guides.  If you are in the DBA program, DIT or PhD Management, I think you will find this very useful.  Some of this information might be very helpful for people in their masters and undergrad program too, it just depends on what you're looking for.  If you click on Topic guides, then you scroll down until we get to Business Management


So it's a little confusing because it doesn't say stats or statistics or data on it, but if you click on the Business Problem research Guide, a lot of the content that we're going to be talking about today is covered here.  Specifically, if you're working on a business problem or your prospectus, what to do as far as research, where to start.


One of the things that I point out, especially students who are just working out a business problem, is not to get too specific right away.  So if you have a business problem you are trying to tackle, maybe it's something you deal with at work, where there is turnover in a specific career field and you might think it's universal but it's been happening in your company for 10 years and then you go out into research but there's not much literature on it or not much data to back up what you assumed was a business problem everywhere, just keep that in mind when you go out.  Make sure you start with a broader topic.  Keep an open mind when you're looking at the literature, because some of the things you're looking for may or may not exist and they may not exist in the way you think they will. 


The biggest trouble students get into when they’re researching, especially for statistics and data, is they will have problems and in their minds that there will be a statistical data point that backs up their exact research problem or their business problem.  So they will say it costs X amount of dollars every year that there's a certain percent of turnover in a certain industry, and then there could be a follow-up statistic that's a percentage.  So when you decide on something like that ahead of time, then you go and try to find it, that can be like looking for a needle in a haystack.


There's two reasons for it.  Searching through the literature or journal articles for something specific like that takes a lot of time. Somebody might not have researched it the way that you have assumed, so you've got to keep an open mind when you are reviewing the literature.  And the second thing is that the government data that you tend to find is more quantitative than qualitative.  You're going to get the what and not the why.  So keep that in mind when you're looking through the literature and then when you're looking through government resources.  Hopefully that's clear.


I'm not going to click through this entire guide but I'm going to show you a lot of the content we're talking about today can be found in here.  I've also included this link in the email follow-up.  So whether you registered and attended or you, maybe you have a buddy that's in your class that was unable to attend but they still registered, everybody still get a follow-up email again for a link to the recording and a link to this guide so you will be able to refer back to them after the recording is done.  So I'm going to head out of here, but if you have any questions about this guide at the end of the webinar, let me know.


For today we're going to spend a little more time on the Statistics and Data page.  We're in the middle of updating a little bit, just because government websites do change sometimes.  The URLs change or they cease to exist, there's a lot of different things that could be going on here.


From here, I'm going to have you guys, okay, I'll explain what's on this front page.  If you're looking for data set, that would be separate from statistics and data.  So we have a couple of suggestions for that. The Office of Research and Doctoral Services has access to a database called ICPSR. Then we do have a couple other links in here, I think we have Google Data Set or Google Data and if anyone has questions about that, again, I can discuss it at the end, since we are not specifically talking about data set today.  But if anybody has questions, I can try to refer to it at the end follow-up with you via email.


The next thing I’m going to have you look at is our Statistics and Data by [indiscernible]. This is going to get an overhaul, going to update this top search box. But I want to explain what's going on up here.  This is searching all the links we have here present on this page. If you weren’t sure where to look for employee turnover and maybe you're looking at employee turnover in general, maybe you're looking at healthcare, there could be all different fields.  If you click search, you will get, it looks like we've got about 91 million results. But they're going to be results from those links that we saw on this page already.  It looks like a lot of these are coming from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.  And looks like we have one from the Small Business Association.  If you're not sure, maybe want to dig into the Bureau of Labor Statistics a little bit more or just click on one of these links to help you find what you're looking for, that top search bar is just there to give you an idea of where to start.


So most of the content I will be talking about today are the links that are on the Business underneath Business and Management.  Mostly it's a place to start.  So we're going to start with the US Census Bureau, and I think I saw a question in there about, basically, finding statistics outside of the US.  Most of the links that are in here we do have if you scroll to the bottom, before we even link into these, are from the US. But we do have some international links.  They're not specific to one program or area.  But if you do need help finding statistics or data from another country, what I would suggest doing is emailing the library or if you're a doctoral student, setting up an appointment with me and we can walk through it.


Starting with the Census Bureau, one of the things that I like to point out is if you go under Explore data and then go to Data tools and apps -- we will walk through that one more time, that was a lot of clicking -- this basically shows you all the tools that the U.S. Census provides.  I think this is kind of nice because then you can play with and see what they have.  I'm not going to click into all these, I think I just want to do a couple because we only have so much time and there's a lot of stuff I want to try to get through. 


I do, of course, have my favorites. I think some of them are a lot easier than other resources that we have used, that they have created.  Some of these, as I was clicking through earlier today, as I come back and check them every couple months and some of them are disappearing, some of them are moving over to another platform.  So it's good to come here and take a look at them periodically if you're trying to keep track of something.


One of the things that I wanted to point out that's available under the US Census Bureau, actually, it's also link under Business Management, is the American FactFinder.  This is by far my favorite resource, as far as the list of tools here. That's not to say there aren't other tools that would be super helpful for you, I just think this is a great place to start, because they have made it, I think, pretty easy to use.


Here's one of the notifications I saw today.  It looks like once they’ve gotten the 2020 census underway, they're going to be moving this platform over to the page, and maybe it's going to have a new name, maybe they are going to discontinue it completely.  I don't think this is super straightforward, but there will be an archive system for it.  For right now it's still available to you, but just keep in mind that it might disappear in the next year here.


One of the things I like to show students is the Guided search.  You can come in here and figure out, maybe I'm looking at demographics, maybe I’m looking at housing. I think a lot of people are looking at Business and Industries. You can come in here and look for that data set, too. I'm not going to focus on data sets, but I just wanted to point it out for anyone who might be interested.


We're going to start with business and industries.  So there's a couple different ways you can do this.  You can come here and look at a specific business or you can do it by employment establishments and firms.


Sometimes I come in here and click one of these and I get burnt, so we're going to do establishments with payroll and I hope that all of them…right. [LAUGHS]  So the next thing you could do is come down here and choose a geographic area. I’m just going to say United States. I have to actually click on it, and I might have too much content already, but I will just keep going.  Then we could narrow it down by industry code. 


So one of the things that I point out while I'm in here, and we'll come back to it, too, is you will see the NAICS code type listed under [indiscernible].  It's North American Industry Classification System, it's the way the US government has indexed the different industries to keep track of them.  So if you had a specific industry you wanted to search by, you can certainly do that if you come in here and just sift through them.  Let's do Nuclear Electric Power Generation, that’s kind of cool, let's see what we get.  So we have 79 tables that match our request so far, which is quite a bit.  So we'll just say yes, keep going. We could come in here and look at accounting business patterns, look at legal form of organization, [indiscernible], depending on what you choose and what you're narrowing down, have a lot of tables to choose from or very limited tables to choose from. 


I’m going to click on this one. Then it will come in here and create a table for you which you can review if you want to.  Some of them you should be able to download. You can print it.  You can modify your table.  You can change the date range if you want to.  Some of these might have data from 2018. Some of them might not have data that's newer than 2010.  It just depends on when the last time the government collected information on that particular topic.  But like I was saying earlier, there's just a lot of “what,” not so much “why” in here -- which is fine, I just wanted to show you this can be a really helpful tool if you wanted to try to see what you can find through the U.S. Census.


I'm going to start over again and just show you the advanced search.  I'm not going to run this same search again, but just know it's very similar.  Since we are ready ran a search, it has all the limiters we put in here.  But you could easily clear this out and then start over if you wanted to focus on industry code or topics, a kind of gives you an idea of what falls underneath each one of these.


 And you know what, now that we have this NAICS code, I’m going to show you exactly what we're talking about, I think it will help clarify it.  In the Data and Statistics page in the library, if you click open the North American Industry Classification System page, what it does is this page gives you an overview of what it is.  Sometimes I’ve had students come over and ask me, and these are some of the questions that students have asked me, when they want to look up industry information for salons. If you wanted to see how the government has classified salon, here are the different ways they have done it.  Is it salon construction? That's probably not so much what we're looking for, but it may be a beauty salon or facial salon or nail salon. But you will notice some of them stay under the same NAICS code.  They start to change because this one is hair and makeup analysis, nails, returns to 13 [sounds like].


If you are looking for that specific NAICS code, I'm going to copy and paste it, there we go, so you could come in here and search by that specific NAICS code if you wanted to, add it, and then keep running or search here.  But I just wanted to show you that you can certainly do that by starting with just the NAICS code.  You don't have to do the industry, scroll through and figure out what you want.  You can just go to the NAICS page, figure out what NAICS code you want to use and search that way.  You can use the NAICS codes in the databases to help you search content, too, although it's a little more limited in there.  I don't know if I'm going to run through that today.  I might talk about that in a little bit more in the next week's webinar.  I will be talking about money and industry profiles and reports that are available in the library. And you can definitely use the NAICS codes in those two.


If anybody has questions about NAICS codes, please let me know.  But start broad, don't put in a really long string here.  Just give it one or two words to start with, otherwise you're going to hit a wall.


That's American FactFinder and that's the NAICS codes, hopefully that was clear.  I'm going to scroll through a couple more in here. There's also the Census Business Builder, and I was playing with this little bit earlier today.  If you're looking at small businesses or you want to look at regional content, these kind of overlap a little bit so I will open up both of them. So it kind of gives you a place to start work, again, you see it gives you the option for NAICS code.  So we can paste in that NAICS code.  There we go.  Great.  I live in Minnesota, I'm going to pick on Minneapolis and search for that.  And I can create a report or I can go to a map.  I think they're both pretty cool but I'm going to click on Create report.  So we're creating a report about beauty salons in downtown Minneapolis. Then it gives you some information about that -- your potential customers, socioeconomic standards of that particular ZIP Code, housing, and then business summary for that area.


So you can do it that way.  I'm not going to click on the map because the next one gives you the option, I think.  The next one we're going to go to is that regional area.  Again, I'm going to pick on downtown Minneapolis.


Then, you will see it kind of, let me zoom out a little bit, it will show you which ZIP Code you have highlighted, that's downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota, in the United States, if you're from outside the country.  So if you wanted to figure out, based on what the map is, if you wanted to change this to this small ZIP Code to see what's going on there as far as businesses, you certainly could.  You have the option of doing different kinds of populations. Some of them pop up, some of them don't, I was playing with them a little bit earlier, you can look at all employer establishments and click that.  Narrow that down.  Then if you wanted to narrow it down by filter, add a new filter, maybe workforce or some other kind of limiter to help you find something that might be relevant to what you're looking for.


I didn't mean to scroll quite so fast.


But it will keep that information for you on here so it will give you the ZIP Code, how many employers are in that ZIP Code.  I'm assuming you could probably do this by establishment type, but I haven't played with it that much. There we go.  Let's do construction. So if you went under, I think we did accommodations and food services, so there are 84 that are under that with the other information that we've entered in here.  So you can play with that, it will give that dashboard information and still highlight that area.  Both of these are kind of cool if anyone is interested in playing with them.


I know sometimes when you're focusing on small business research this can be useful, too, as you can figure out I’m going to be in this metro area and I want to do research on this particular industry. Figure out how many are out there, how many are close or nearby you.  Then there's other things you can look up too.  If you want to learn more about that, I suggest going to next week's webinar, I think that is company and industry, we’ll report something like that.  You can find that under upcoming webinars.


Sorry for all the clicks out there, I just don't want to get stuck in a numerous amount of tabs here.  So I'm going to scroll through all of them just to give you an idea of what you can click into.  I tried doing Data Ferret, it looks like it has a pretty cool content, but because this is a work computer I have admin things I have to work around.  But if you're interested, I would say check it out.  You could look at the FRED Economic Data.  I haven't played with this a lot, but it has a lot of information you can sift through and you can do it by category.  Again I'm not going to do that, I just want to show you what some of these look like.


I think it's nice to have somebody else point out what's in here so it's not as overwhelming. Then I head to the next page here.  I think there is one more thing I wanted to show you before I flip to the next page and I think it was industry snapshots.

I think this one was moving away.  I used to demo this one, but it looks like they might be moving away from this particular page, so I am going to click out of that. Just know that you have a lot of different resources that you can start with here.


Those are all the data tools, apps in the Census Bureau, go check them out, see what you can find that is useful to you.  Just because I want show you some other resources that are in the library I’m not going to spend much more time in here, but it is a great, great resource if that's available to you.  [indiscernible] for statistics is helpful. 


If you're looking at employee turnover, I want to show you where the data tools are there.  If you go under data tools, you can do a series report or multi-screen, but I would just click on it in general so you can see what you can find and they have them here by subject area.  So if you wanted to look at unemployment, you could come here and look at local area unemployment statistics.  Click on data finder and choose an area you're interested in. The data.  It will probably give you some other things that you will need to pick out, narrow down your results, update.  And then, it will show you that information. That is also something that you can download as a spreadsheet or a .CSV file. These data tools are pretty cool.  If you have any questions about them, you can email the library or you can email me directly, that's fine, too. I think some of the other librarians might just escalate your question to me, too.


Bureau of Labor Statistics is great for that.  If you're looking at career information, labor information, employment information, and a couple of other things here, too. Bureau of Labor Statistics, probably many of you have already been here, so I won’t spend too much time here.  Small business administration, again, some other content looking for data and labor statistics is buried so if anybody needs help locating some of the content weave, make an appointment with me or email the library and we can talk it out.


One of the other things that I like to point out, and this isn't always the most straightforward, so Business Dynamics Statistics this is available through the U.S. Census.  But the tricky thing about this is it doesn't give you any of the whys. This is really great for if you want information about a number of firms by sector or how many currently exist and how many have closed or something like that. So we're going to click on BDS tables, then we will do the most recent, which is 2016.


So it's basically telling you what's available in here.  You can search, you can click by any of these if you want to.  Let's do size and see what we get here.  It will come out as a spreadsheet because that is what I have chosen.


This is US entirely, and it's basically saying here’s the size of the establishment, here's how many firms, and how many exit, what was the entry rate, exit rate.  How many jobs were created, and then, I think if you look at the other ones, I think it's the smaller ones, if you're looking under this one, firm age, it will tell you if the business died.  But it doesn't tell you why it died.  It just gives you how many closed. So that can be kind of tricky figuring out how many actually opened by year and of that particular year, how many closed by the end of that year? It can be really tricky.  Some of the information, you might be able to find that in here.


Let me just check out the questions box. Some of these I think I might have to just email you guys directly because they're kind of specific.  Excellent.  Okay.  One of the other things that I want to point out, and I wonder if this is, if the bottom of this page, we actually have, I just click on that link and basically what it did is it popped me all the way down to the bottom of the Data and Statistics page in the library. So we also have a database called SAGE Stats and I love this database.


What it's done, what SAGE has done, is basically compiled a lot of the information that we've found at the US Census Bureau and made it easier to look at, essentially.  You can look at this by topic or location. I generally suggest students try topic, see what you can find. We'll do employment labor. If you wanted to narrow this down again by subtopics, if you are looking at healthcare, maybe hospital personnel, then you can look at this by state.  You could look at it by the table to have available or a chart, has this gone up over, this looks like it's pretty old. We could change the date, but I'm not going to mess with it too much right now.  The nice thing about this, too, is it will always tell you what the source was.  It should tell you, well, it came from AHA hospital statistics so that way you know where you're getting that data from.  If you want to make sure it's coming from a reputable source or a government source, SAGE Stats always lets you know where it's coming from, which is great.  You will notice a lot of these to come from the US Census Bureau, they come from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Yeah, Bureau of Labor Statistics.  As I live and breathe, it is there. 


You could come in here and change whatever you want, hover over a specific state.  Some of them might be able to do just the entire US, but I love how they've done this. I think it's really, really easy to look at.  You can do comparisons. You can look at related content.  Again, it will show you the source, it should link you back to where they found that content.  SAGE Stats is great.


Questions about military, if you wanted to look at defense, some of this might be military personnel, but you might also be able to find military spending or defense spending. That's something that we can, back here, I think, when I'm looking at in the databases, we might be able to use an example.  We're already 35 minutes in and want to make sure I get to a couple of other things.  So those are some the links I would show you through the US government.  SAGE Stats.


The next thing I want to do, I want to show you a demo search in some of our databases to show you how I would look for data and statistics while I'm looking through the literature.  I want to show you how you can do it in Google Scholar and then I want to show you a shortcut search in Google to do. I'm going to head to the library homepage. 


Then, again, we have all of our, we have some of our databases and information organized by database just to make it easier.  If you want to go into databases just to see what we have, that's fine.  I'm going to go into Business database as part of this demo. If you are in IT programs you can certainly go into the IT databases. But for this example I'm going to click on Business and Management databases.  Here are some of the databases that we just suggest that students start with.  I'm going to click on Business Source Complete.


I'm going to pick on my dear friend, employee turnover. Looking for data and statistics can be tricky, and I will show you why in just a moment. One of things we are going to make sure you guys do is click on peer-reviewed scholarly journals. If you're a doctoral student, make sure you unclick full text, that's going to show you everything that's in the database even if we don't have a subscription to it, and that is going to help you find more content. 


So if I was looking for the cost of employee turnover, I  can't type in a $, you're not going to put in a numeric value.  The easiest way to do this is to say dollars or cost or price, something along those lines, because that's how the author is going to have described it.  I put an asterisk at the end of dollar, that is going to tell the database to search for any ending of the word, dollar, dollars.  And I put in OR between all of these terms because I am telling the database either one or any one of these chosen terms is fine.  So I just broke it apart by subtopics. So, turnover in general and then terms that might describe what I'm looking for associated with employee turnover.


So we have about 715, they date back about 100 years.  I doubt anyone really wants an article from 1919.  I doubt it.  Maybe you do, but I doubt it.  But we can change that to 2016.


Great.  Now we have about 69 results.  I'm going to click on the title here.  So, I want to point out why searching for data statistics in the articles themselves can be kind of tricky. It's because most of the information in a lot of these results we're hitting is the abstract information. So the title, the authors, the subject terms and most importantly, the abstract, itself. So this is what the author has provided the publisher that's also provided to the database. That's what the databases are searching through.  If the article happens to be HTML, full text or a searchable PDF, you might get lucky and it will find more content for you in your results.  But a lot of times, it's hitting this abstract information.  So that's what we don't bother with the $. You wouldn't use a British pound or any other kind of currency symbol. Just because the databases, they don't know what to do with that.  You might be able to get away with that a little bit in a Google search or, I'm not even sure you can get away with that in a Google Scholar search. 


But generally what I tell students is come in here, start the phrase or term that you think the author might be using to describe that data or statistic that you're hoping to find.  So from here, I'm going to click on the HTML full text and of course, you can scan through this.  I think a lot of times you're going to find the information you're looking for either in the introduction -- and be careful when you're looking at the introduction or in the review you are citing secondary source and the source they're saying are peer-reviewed aren’t [sounds like] I think sometimes students get in trouble with that sometimes.


One of the other places to look is their conclusion.  Let's just scroll down here.  So if you wanted to come down here and sift through what they found then you would be more likely to find something that you can cite for your problem statement.  But like I said before, you will find it, as far as their conclusion or discussion or results or in their introduction section is giving an overview of whatever research is.


That's one of the strategies I would use in the databases.  You will notice if I rerun this search without [sounds like] the keywords that I used, so we're down to 69 articles with those terms I added, if we didn't have them, we would have 796.  So that doesn't mean that the 700 articles in here aren't talking about cost or price or dollars or somehow talking about turnover and the effects of the turnover on the company.  It's just that they didn't necessarily talk about cost price or dollars.  So I mean, that's what I was saying earlier, try to keep an open mind while you're looking for these articles and keep an eye out for data and statistics that already exist because trying to narrow it down can be overwhelming.  But I wanted to show you how you can do it to get around it, too.


One of the other things I wanted to point out by limiting [sounds like] the databases as I told you, you could search for NAICS, if you wanted to.  There's a couple different ways to do it.  Going to go back to [indiscernible] you can either enter the NAICS here, looks like I already had one here that's pre-populated. You can search for it here or you can search for the search field and change the dropdown to NAICS code and search in that particular topic. 


Maybe I will just do a quick one since we have a little bit of time.  I don't think I have totally killed my time today, which is great.  Sometimes I get bumped up right to the end and to hate that, I want you guys to get all of the answers to your questions. 


I am going to borrow that Salon NAICS code again, go back in here and put that code in to the search field.  Put peer-reviewed, uncheck full text. Maybe we can change our date range to 2015 and hit search.  As we've got 21 that are associated with that NAICS code, it gives us a place to start.  Of course you can use that to your advantage however you would like.


The next thing I want to point out is we have those 796 results for employee turnover narrow it down with cost price and dollars and that narrows it down a lot, I think like 700 results. 


Something I point out is that you can try that search again in Google Scholar. I will try and I know some people might have questions about Google Scholar if you have attended my other webinars or if you haven't gone to residency as a doctoral student. So I'm going to do that search again.


I'm going to put these terms in quotation marks, just because I want this to be a little more specific. What this is going to do is tell Google Scholar to search for that exact phrase, don't break it apart, don't put it in different order.  I just don't want us to get totally overwhelmed by results. So we're at about 18,000.  That's a lot more than 700, that's one of the pros and cons of Google Scholar, is it can overwhelm you pretty quickly. 


The next thing we could do is narrow down the search for the search date. It was down to 17,000.  We want 2018, we're down to about 2400 now.  To those of you who have not used Google Scholar, there is no way to limit to peer review in here, so if you do want to use something in Google Scholar, you have to verify that it is peer-reviewed.  If anybody wants me to go over that, please do put it in the questions box.  But I want to point out that you can access some of these resources through the Walden Library. 


So this article listed here, you will see I have a Find @ Walden link to the right-hand side.  If you click on that, what it's going to do is going to tell me this database has access to this particular journal from the date range available from 1995 to present.  We have access, I’m going to click on it.  Great. There's the full text.


I will walk through how to connect the two, how to connect Google Scholar to the Walden Library. If you click on the three horizontal logo bars next to Google Scholar, you will see a dropdown and Settings might be at the bottom or the top depending on how big your browser is or what you're using.  Click on Settings. Library links, then you will type in Walden and hit search. Then you will see Walden University Library Find @ Walden pop up. You're going to make sure you have it checkmarked. If you're inside the United States, you will see Open WorldCat, leave it checked, it will help you find more content.  If you're outside the United States, you might not see it listed. You might just find a different resource. Google Scholar is just trying to help you find more resources.  Save.  You should be able to find those Find @ Walden on the right-hand side. 


For those with no links on the right-hand side, so open source, when you see these PDFs or sometimes they will be HTML, those are freely provided on the web, not provided by Walden.  I joke they may or may not be legal.  I usually click on them [sounds like] may or may not be an issue, it's in your hands whether you want to click on them.  For those that don't have links, I suggest just grabbing the citation if you want to try to get access to it, emailing the library the citation and we'll try to find the full text  for you.


So there's a good question in here and you want to make sure I get to it.  How do you cite sources from the occupational handbook? Any questions about citation, whether it be an occupational handbook our chapter or a website or PowerPoint from a website, you're going to reach out to the Writing Center. They are the APA experts and they are awesome.  So you'll go to them directly.  They have a couple of different ways, you can do chat with them.  You can email them and they are super.  I’m just going to do a little plug to the Writing Center for any APA questions you might have.


If you feel like you're hitting a wall in the databases as far as narrowing it down by data or statistic that you're looking for, you can certainly use Google Scholar and see if there's more out there.  That would be my next suggestion.


The other things I do is sometimes I will see maybe I didn't use everything I can think of, like maybe there are websites I don't know about, government websites I don't know about that might have that information.  So I want to copy and paste that and put it in the center here.  I know that's probably pretty small but basically what I've done is I have done "employee turnover" OR “labor turnover"  AND site:gov. What this site:gov is, it is going to search any government domain website.  So I am going to hit search and now you can see it a little better.  What it's going to do is it's going to get back a bunch of results from government websites. So we've got BLS, because that's a very popular topic on their website.  But you're going to get state information, you're going to get other random government websites that maybe hadn't thought of. Here's SBA. 


Other things that might be of interest to you, if you were looking for, maybe through a specific county, you could do that county.  We could look at Texas, specifically, if we wanted to narrow my results list here, Texas.  And we could look through everything that has to offer as far as employee turnover or labor turnover. Now, of course, you could do that without the content as well.  One of the questions earlier was I think in the Caribbean.  And I had, I'm trying to remember how we would do this.  So the, let's just do a quick search here too.  It would help if I spelled it right, too, right?


The next thing we can do is try to find what we have.  One for Antigua, Bermuda. So if you found another government domain, so if it happens to be this, I'm assuming this is probably for Antigua.  If you wanted to search for it in Antigua, you could just change the domain name. That gave me a pretty limited search but if you just wanted to see what kind of sites are available as a government through Antigua ... it looks like I have gotten the wrong one, that's fine.  But it is an example of how you can search if you wanted to, especially internationally.  I can't remember if it's .uk. I think it's uk ... I would have to go back. 


Let's do a Wikipedia search.  That's one of the only other times you will see me do a Wikipedia search, is government.  I should have pulled this up.  There we go.  So you should have a list here of all of the different countries in the world and then their domain names.  I don't think this is going to include the government domains but it does give you an idea of how you should be able to limit them down.  And you can probably run a search with [indiscernible], too.  And it does give you some information about what those top-level domains mean, that's why I’m focusing on gov, because you're more than likely going to want to focus on government statistics. 


One of the things I want to point out is when you are looking at government statistics, sometimes you will go in and you will find a report available through some government website, whether it be federal or state or county, and they might have pulled something very specific and [indiscernible] statistic. Just make sure it's something that they actually provided, that they actually did the research, because a lot of times they will go pull proprietary report information from Gallup or Gartner's [sounds like] or some pretty popular proprietary report or marketing report, and they are just doing that because they don't have to pay for it or they don't have to pay to do the research themselves, take the time to do the research themselves, so just make sure we are looking at government information that it's their data and they're not pulling it from somebody else.


I'm just going to scroll through some of these questions to see if there's anything I can go over.  Great. I don't see anything super specific that I could go over as part of the webinar. If I didn't answer your question in the webinar, I will follow-up with you via email to answer your question. And I'm going to take a quick lunch break after the webinar, but after that, you should see an email from me by the end of the day.  I will give you guys another minute to type in any other questions you might have, hopefully it's something I can answer right now.  If not, I will follow-up with you one-on-one.


I’m not seeing anything popping up, which is fine.  I know you guys have busy lives.  Thank you so much for attending today.  Again, you should see a recording in your email inbox in the next 24 hours. If you have any follow-up questions from this webinar, email the library or email me directly, too, that's totally fine.  I appreciate you being here and hopefully I will see you in future webinars and hopefully you reach out to the library, too. Thanks so much for attending today, and I hope you have a great rest of your week.



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