The American Psychological Association (APA) developed a set of standards that writers in the social sciences follow to create consistency throughout publications. These rules address:
APA's guidelines assist readers in recognizing a writer's ideas and information, rather than having to adjust to inconsistent formatting. In this way, APA allows writers to express themselves clearly and easily to readers. The APA materials developed in the Walden Writing Center are based on The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition, often referred to on this website as "APA 7" or "the APA manual."
In Summer 2020, Walden University switched from the sixth edition of the APA manual to the seventh edition as the official style guide for student work. Visit the Writing Center's APA 7 Transition page for more information on timelines and updated resources. The Writing Center’s text-based instruction, templates, videos, and modules that focus on APA have been updated to APA 7 guidelines. For a summary of some changes between APA 6 and APA 7, take a look at our APA 6 & 7 Comparison Tables.
When you are writing as a student, you are entering into a new writing community; just as you would need to learn the customs and rules of any new country you visit, you need to learn the customs and rules of academic writing. These guidelines will be different than guidelines for writing in other environments (such as letters to friends, emails to coworkers, or writing for blogs). The academic community has its own rules. These standards help writers
To learn more about transitioning into academic writing, view "What Is Academic Writing?" Remember that it’s your job as the author to engage your readers, and inconsistencies in formatting and citations distract the reader from the content of your writing. By using APA style, you allow your readers to focus on the ideas you are presenting, offering a familiar format to discuss your new ideas.
APA style can seem overwhelming at first. To get started, take some time to look through these resources: