When revising and proofreading your capstone document, be sure to check for the correct use of punctuation. Missing or misused punctuation can cause the reader confusion. Some punctuation rules are specific to American academic English, and some rules are specific to APA guidelines. Below is a list of some of the most common types of punctuation patterns in American English. Before examining the list, however, it is important to keep a couple of definitions in mind:
Here are some examples of independent and dependent clauses:
It is necessary to be able to identify independent and dependent clauses to determine the correct punctuation in the sentence. Once you understand the definitions above, check your writing against this list of common punctuation patterns in American academic English:
Some conjunctive adverbs are however, therefore, nevertheless, consequently, furthermore, moreover....
To test that the punctuation is correct here, remove the information between the commas and check that there are still complete and logical sentences. For instance,
Some examples of subordinating conjunctions are if, because, since, when, although, while, after...
A couple of other quick rules to keep in mind here: In APA, capitalize the word after a colon if it begins a complete sentence. Additionally, the serial comma (sometimes known as the Oxford comma) is required in APA. This comma is not always used in newspapers, magazines, or in British English. Therefore, writers often miss this comma rule when writing in APA.
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