Since 2007, Walden has allowed students to use first person pronouns in their academic writing. However, doctoral capstone abstracts should remain in third person. Be sure to check with your instructor or mentor about the use of first person in your program of study.
In addition to the pointers below, section 3.09 in the APA Manual (6th edition) gives more information on the appropriate use of the first person pronouns in both quantitative and qualitative studies.
I feel that eating white bread causes cancer.
The author feels that eating white bread causes cancer.
I found several sources (Marks, 2011; Isaac, 2006; Stuart, in press) that showed a link between white bread consumption and cancer.
I surveyed 2,900 adults who consumed white bread regularly.
In this chapter, I present a literature review on research about how seasonal light changes affect depression.
The researcher found that the authors had been accurate in their study of helium, which the researcher had hypothesized from the beginning of their project.
I found that Johnson et al. (2011) had been accurate in their study of helium, which I had hypothesized since I began my project.
The surveys were distributed and the results were compiled after they were collected.
I distributed the surveys, and then I collected and compiled the results.
Appropriate use of first person we and our:
Two other nurses and I worked together to create a qualitative survey to measure patient satisfaction. We completed the surveys within 3 days and presented the results to our supervisor.
Make assumptions about your readers by putting them into a group in which they do not belong with the use of your first person plural pronouns. Inappropriate use of first person we and our:
In the first sentence above, the readers would not necessarily know who we is, and using a phrase such as our society can immediately exclude readers from outside your social group. For example, if you are talking about American society and your reader were from Australia, he or she would not be included in the our because American and Australian societies are different.
In the second sentence, the author assumes that the reader is a nurse or medical professional. However, you do not want assume that the reader shares your background or viewpoint. In order to avoid such assumptions, do not use the general we, our, or us in your writing.