Transitions: accordingly, all in all, altogether, as a result, as has been noted, as I have said, as mentioned, as shown, consequently, finally, hence, in any event, in a word, in brief, in conclusion, in other words, in short, in sum, in summary, in the final analysis, to conclude, on the whole, summing up, that is, therefore, thus
Example: As Morrison (1982) asserted, her characters could only imagine themselves as individuals when emotionally, physically, and spiritually bonded to their best friends. Therefore, self-realization required the intense bonds between women.
Explanation: Here, the author is drawing a conclusion based on what she has found to be true in Morrison's text. This connection fits into the "Because x, then y" model. Because friendship is required of the girls as they grow, then they need friendship to achieve self-realization.
Transitions Video Playlist
Note that these videos were created while APA 6 was the style guide edition in use. There may be some examples of writing that have not been updated to APA 7 guidelines.
- Academic Paragraphs: Introduction to Paragraphs and the MEAL Plan (video transcript)
- Academic Paragraphs: Types of Transitions Part 1: Transitions Between Paragraphs (video transcript)
- Academic Paragraphs: Types of Transitions Part 2: Transitions Within Paragraphs (video transcript)
- Academic Paragraphs: Appropriate Use of Explicit Transitions (video transcript)
- Engaging Writing: Incorporating Transitions (video transcript)
- Engaging Writing: Examples of Incorporating Transitions (video transcript)