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NURS 5052 Final Project: Final Project

Introduction

This guide will help you learn how to pick appropriate keywords, combine them to create effective searches to support your PICOT, and find five articles, including one systematic review and one integrative review, if available.

In Week 2 the Final Project is introduced, and you must develop your PICOT and submit it along with a list of ten keywords relating to your PICOT topic.

In Week 4 (due Week 5) you need to find five research articles relating to your PICOT question, including one systematic review and one integrative review, if possible.

Keyword development from PICOT

The following example demonstrates how to use your PICOT to choose possible keywords:

In the NICU, what is the effect of handwashing on infection control compared with hand sanitizers?

Keywords: Neonatal, Handwashing, Infection Control

Synonyms: NICU, Neonate, "Hand Washing", "Hand Sanitizers", "Hand Rubs", "Hand Disinfection", Disinfectants, "Cross Infection"

Note: Putting a phrase in quotation marks tells the database to search for these words as a phrase and not as individual words. For instance, the quoted phrase "Infection Control" will be used throughout this demonstration to tell the database to search for it as a phrase.

Resources for Developing Synonyms

Database access

All the databases mentioned on this page can be located in the Walden Library on the Nursing Research Home. Here are the steps for accessing the Nursing Research page.

1. On the Library homepage, go to the Subject Resources box.

2. Click on Select a subject and choose: Nursing.

3. Scroll down until you see a section called Nursing articles, journals & books and click Nursing databases and Evidence based & clinical resources to find an appropriate database.

Note: Once you have clicked on a database link, if you have not already logged in to the Library databases, you will be prompted to log in with your myWalden Portal user name and password.

Search for research articles using CINAHL

When searching on complex topics, you'll want to use multiple search terms and Boolean operators, both in the search boxes and between the search boxes, to get the best results. This Quick Answer will teach you more about Boolean operators:

 

Here is an example of how to put together a complex search in CINAHL:

1.  Access the CINAHL Plus with Full Text database. 

Note: If you need help accessing the database, refer to the database access instructions at the top of this page.

2. Once you are in the database, use the search boxes to enter your keywords. For example, in the first search box, enter:

Neonatal OR NICU

Note: You can use OR to link together your synonyms, or related words, in a search box, allowing the database to search more broadly.

3. In the second search box enter:

Handwashing OR "Hand Washing" OR "Hand Rubs" OR "Hand Disinfection"

4. In the third search box enter:

"Infection Control" OR "Cross Infection"

Here is what your search boxes should look like:

 

5. To limit your results to only peer-reviewed articles, go below the search boxes and click in the box under Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journals.

Click here to see this image in context.

 

6. Then click on the Search button to run your search.

Search for systematic reviews using Cochrane

Systematic reviews are considered the highest level of evidence available, and Cochrane Systematic Reviews are the gold standard.

Here is an example of how to search for a Cochrane Systematic Review using the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews:

1. Access The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Note: If you need help accessing the database, refer to the database access instructions at the top of this page.

2. Once you are in the database, use the search boxes to enter your keywords. For example, in the first search box, enter:

Neonatal OR NICU

3. In the second search box enter:

Handwashing OR "Hand Washing" OR "Hand Rubs" OR "Hand Disinfection"

4. In the third search box enter:

"Infection Control" OR "Cross Infection"

Here is what your search boxes should look like:

 

5. Then click on the Search button to run your search.

All results will be Cochrane Systematic Reviews and available in full text.

If you do not find what you need in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, you can search using the same strategy in our other filtered databases that contain systematic reviews:

Search for systematic reviews using CINAHL

CINAHL contains many systematic reviews published in journals. You can search for systematic reviews on your topic by limiting your search to only systematic reviews. Here is how you can search for systematic reviews in CINAHL:

1.  Access the CINAHL Plus with Full Text database. 

Note: If you need help accessing the database, refer to the database access instructions at the top of this page.

2. Once you are in the database, use the search boxes to enter your keywords. For example, in the first search box, enter:

Neonatal OR NICU

3. In the second search box enter:

Handwashing OR "Hand Washing" OR "Hand Rubs" OR "Hand Disinfection"

4. In the third search box enter:

"Infection Control" OR "Cross Infection"

Here is what your search boxes should look like:

 

5. To limit your results to only systematic review articles, scroll down the page below the search boxes until you find the Publication Type box.

6. In the Publication Type box select Systematic Review by finding it in the list and clicking on it (it will then be highlighted).

Click here to see this image in context.

 

7. Click on the Search button to run your search.

If you don't find what you need in the CINAHL Plus with Full Text database, you can use the same search strategy in our medical database:

Search for integrative reviews using CINAHL

Integrative reviews differ from systematic reviews in that they include non-experimental, or qualitative studies, in their review of the literature. Integrative reviews are less common than systematic reviews, so you may not be able to find one on your research topic.

Here is an example of how to search for an integrative review:

1.  Access the CINAHL Plus with Full Text database. 

Note: If you need help accessing the database, refer to the database access instructions at the top of this page.

2. Once you are in the database, use the search boxes to enter your keywords. For example, in the first search box, enter: 

Neonatal OR NICU

3. In the second search box enter:

Handwashing OR "Hand Washing" OR "Hand Rubs" OR "Hand Disinfection"

4. In the third search box enter:

"Infection Control" OR "Cross Infection"

5. Add a fourth row to your search and enter:

Integrative

Note: To add another search box, click on the + sign at the end of the third row of search boxes (see below).

Here is what your search boxes should look like:

 

6. To limit your results to only peer-reviewed articles, go below the search boxes and click in the box under Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journals.

Click here to see this image in context.

 

7. Then click on the Search button to run your search.

Evidence-based Capstone Project