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Webinar Transcripts

APA 7 at a Glance: Changes and Support for the Switch for Doctoral Capstone Students

Presented May 6, 2020

View the recording

Last updated 5/18/2020

 

 

Visual: Title of the webinar: “APA 7 at a Glance: Changes and Support for the Switch for Doctoral Capstone Students” with presenter’s names: Beth Nastachowski, Tobias Ball, Martha King and Amber Cook.

Audio: [Beth:] Welcome, everyone. It's wonderful to have you at the webinar today. My name is Beth Natachowski, member of the Walden Writing Center and one of your presenters today along with my colleague Tobias Ball. Martha King and Amber Cook will be in the background answering your questions. This is “APA 7 at a Glance: Changes and Support for the Switch for Doctoral Capstone Students.” This is about the shift from APA 6 to 7 for those who are at the capstone stage.

So it sounds like many of you have completed your prospectus or working on your proposal. It looks like also you have a lot of experience with APA which I think will help make this shift pretty easy for you at least. Not easy maybe, but you will be able to understand the shifts and the rules that we are presenting today and make those changes a part of your habits. Let me dive in because we have a lot to go over today.

I'm first going to go over some housekeeping notes here.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Contact Hours for Nurses

Accreditation Statement: Walden University is accredited as a provider of nursing continuing professional development through the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation.

Disclosures: The planners and presenters of this nursing continuing professional development activity disclose that there are no financial relationships (those held by the planner or significant other, currently or within the last 12 months) with commercial interests.

Audio: The first note is that we are providing contact hours for nurses for this webinar. We have a disclosure here and if you are a nurse claiming contact hours for this session, we will have more information at end of the webinar and you will get more information in the follow-up email to this webinar as well.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Housekeeping

  • Recording
    • Will be available online within 24 hours.
  • Interact
    • Polls, files, and links are interactive.
  • Q&A
    • Now: Use the Q&A box.
    • Later: Send to writingsupport@waldenu.edu or visit our Live Chat Hours.
  • Help
    • Ask in the Q&A box.
    • Choose “Help” in the upper right-hand corner of the webinar room

Audio: As I mentioned, we are recording this webinar and we are posting the recording in our webinar archive and I will be doing that by this evening. If you would like to review the session or if you have to leave for any reason I would like to come back, you are welcome to do so. Feel free to share that link with your classmates and fellow students. We encourage you to interact here with us today. It's great to see everyone in the chat box and using the poll. We will have a couple polls throughout the session to get a pulse check on how you are doing and feeling about these changes. But we also have links throughout the slides to further information. I encourage you to use those links. If you see a hyperlink on the slides here, you can hover your mouse over it and click on it and it will open a new tab on your browser. That's a great way to look for more information on the information you find interesting or helpful.

Another way to save the information is download the slides in the bottom right of the corner. Just click on the name “slides” there and click download and those will save your computer. We have the Q&A box available to you. Martha, Amber, Tobias and myself will be answering questions in that box. We encourage questions and comments. We will be covering a lot of information today. My guess is that there will be certain information or questions about this, and we want to hear those questions as soon as you have them. Make sure to ask those questions right away. We will be covering a lot of content so if you don't ask right away, we will be moving on quickly and you might forget the question.

We also note here that if you have any questions after the webinar, you are welcome to reach out to us. I apologize that I don't have updated information here, but at the end of the session you will want to reach out to the editors specifically at editor@waldenu.edu and they would be happy to help answer questions you have specifically about your capstone. If you have any technical issues, let us know in the Q&A box. We have a couple tips we can give you. But I also recommend the help button at the top right corner is the best place to go if you have significant technical issues. With that then, we will dive right in.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Agenda

  • APA 7 key dates and resources
  • APA 7 changes:
    • Spirit guiding the new edition
    • Overview of changes across categories
    • Details of changes to commonly used rules
    • Support, resources, and Q&A

Audio: Here is our agenda for the webinar today. As I previewed a little bit at the start of the session, we will be focusing the session on the changes from the 6th edition of APA to the 7th edition. I will start by giving key dates and resources. Much of this information has already been communicated on our website or via email. But I know it can be easy to lose sight of some of that and not remember exactly all of it. We want to give you a chance to see it again and ask any questions you have.

We will then spend most of our time, Tobias and I, presenting this spirit guiding the new additions, overview of changes across categories and details of those changes within the categories themselves. We will spend the bulk of our time in the middle section. Then we will wrap up at the end with support, additional places you can receive support and resources as well as some Q&A of relevant questions that we can talk about out loud. That is our focus today. I know it looks sort of simple. We have three main areas for our agenda, but there's a lot within each so we are going to dive right in so we can get all of these areas.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: APA 7 Key Dates and Resources

Timeline:

  • APA 7 will be the new standard for writing assignments starting with summer terms:
    • May 4 (for semester-based programs).
    • June 1 (for quarter-based and Tempo programs).
  • Doctoral capstones: Grace period for APA 6 through 2020
    • Students with final URR approval of their final study/project by the end of 2020 may complete that study in APA 6 or APA 7, in consultation with their chair.
    • Beginning January 1, 2021, all doctoral capstone documents must follow APA 7 guidelines.

Audio: A couple of dates and resources here to note. The first is that APA 7 will be or is now the new standard for writing assignments starting on summer term. May 4, that is for semester-based students and June 1 for quarter-based and Tempo programs. After that, the entire University will be switched to APA 7 as the writing standard across the University. Doctoral capstones have a grace period for APA 6 through 2020.

Students with final URR approval may complete their study in APA 6 or 7 in consultation with your chair. This is a conversation with your chair about which one you should be using if this grace period applies to you. Beginning January 1, 2021, all capstone documents will follow APA 7 guidelines. You can let us know in the Q&A box and we can answer more general questions. But definitely talk with your chair about some of those specifics that apply to you individually.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: APA 7 Key Dates and Resources

Resources:

Audio: Resources to help you with this transition. We recognize that change is always hard and something that none of us are really huge fans of, especially in the time that we are living in right now with a lot of uncertainty and change in our lives that we didn't ask for. We in the Writing Center wanted to be proactive as much as we could to support you in this transition. We have many resources to help you do that.

The first is the APA 7 transition updates webpage. This is the page where we have been updating the University community on the APA 7 transition throughout the last five months. We in the Writing Center have been working on this for five or 6 months now. We've been continually updating there and many resources I will talk about are linked on that webpage. It's a great place to bookmark for all the updated information and resources.

We also have a specific email address you can email for APA 7 questions. I encourage you to use this address for APA 7 specific questions. You can email our general address editor@waldenu.edu, but the APA7@mail.waldenu.edu is for specific questions. Note those addresses down and keep those in mind.

In particular here we are asking that you email APA7@mail.waldenu.edu. I wanted to note also an update on our resources. Where we are at with the transition to APA 7. The primary -- not primary, but the main Writing Center website is updated with APA 7 information and general templates. Note that as well. If you go to the main Writing Center website and look at the APA tab or see the templates, those are all in APA 7 right now. The form and style website will be updated on June 1 which will also include the capstone and prospectus templates. Know those templates will be available on June 1.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: APA 7 Key Dates

Upcoming Webinars

Audio: We have some upcoming webinars for you as well. I want to note here we are talking about the shift between 6 and 7 in today's webinar, I will not be talking about particularly APA rules that are not a part of the shift. Rules that stay the same between 6 and 7, it's not a focus of our session today. The session today is to point out the differences. But if you are looking for some more foundational support in APA, we are presenting all of our APA webinars in the next two weeks. We have another tonight and tomorrow and starting next Monday as well. I encourage you to take a look at these if you are looking for some of that foundational information. We will be presenting these in APA 7 so you will learn even more than what we are able to explain today. Those are a great place to go for additional guidance and instruction. Just like this webinar, we record the session, so if you can’t attend live -- we are all quite busy right now—you are welcome to find those recordings in our webinar archive.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Overview of APA 7 Changes. Image of circle with “APA 7” inside.

Audio: I am going to go through an overview of the changes. This is just a preview of what we are going to be talking about the rest of the session. Then I will hand it to Tobias to talk about specific style changes

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Spirit Guiding the New Edition

  • Clarifications of many rules
  • Updates for current researching and publishing practices
  • Material specific to student writers, separate from published writers
  • Embracing inclusivity, particularly around accessibility, gender, and identity

Audio: First, some information and contextual explanation around the 7th edition of APA. What we are calling this spirit guiding the new addition, what we are seeing throughout the changes. First, I will say from my professional perspective, it was a little nerve-racking. I was certainly anxious knowing we were getting a new addition. I worked in APA 6 for 10 years now so I've gotten quite used to APA 6th edition.

But it was also really refreshing to see the changes in the 7th edition and across the board. I've seen a lot of enthusiasm from Writing Center staff and faculty and students who have worked in it thus far about the changes we are seeing. A lot of the changes I think will be really helpful for us as writers and simplify some things for us. Overall, I want to note here that although I was little reticent at first and change is hard and learning new habits is hard, I am excited about the changes and I think they will be useful.

The first thing that we noticed in the APA 7th edition is clarification of many rules that were unclear or unnecessary or just required additional explanation. We were glad to see some of those clarifications and we will detail what those look like. We are also seeing across-the-board updates for current researching and publishing practices. I think oftentimes Walden students are ahead of the curve since we are doing all of our researching and publishing and writing online, and APA 7th edition is cut out to us in that way. We also are seeing in APA 7 material specific to student writers acknowledging the dual audience, which was also really helpful to see. And more information and adjustment or explanation that embrace exclusivity particularly around accessibility, gender and identity. Those were all really helpful changes that we are excited about in the Writing Center.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Learning APA 7

  • (Centered, in a box) Encourage approaching the new rules in a spirit of learning and openness to working through change together.
  • Overview of changes used most often by Walden students
  • Peruse the APA 6 and 7 comparison chart for all details

Audio: Thinking about APA 7, I already touched on this, but we really want to encourage everyone to approach the new rules and learning them in a spirit of learning and openness to working through change together. As I've said a few times already, change is absolutely hard, and I think particularly in the world we are living in right now it is even harder. So we want to recognize that this is not necessarily an easy change, but we do think it will be helpful.

It's all a transition that we as University community are going through together so faculty and staff and students are all learning this transition and going through this learning process together. We want to emphasize that it is a learning process. We are not expecting that you are going to leave this webinar knowing all of the changes in APA 7 and having them set in your brain after this one webinar. This is just the first step in that process and we encourage you to think about it as a long-term process of learning and even changing habits too. That's one thing I want to emphasize here.

Our session today focuses on the changes used most often by Walden students. If you are looking for one place to look for those changes, you can download the slides in the files pod in the bottom right-hand corner. Click on the title “slides” and you will be able to click download files and save those to your computer. That's a great way to have a record of these changes you can refer back to later. But we also have the APA 6 and 7 comparison chart on our website. It compares them and illustrates the changes in a helpful table, so that's another great resource to bookmark as you are starting to internalize these changes from 6 to 7.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Overview of Changes

Large Scale Changes

  • Image of APA manual, 7th edition, on the left-hand side of the slide.
  • Expanded guidance on points of confusion or lack of specificity in APA 6 as well as new areas of content
  • Organization and tone geared toward dual audience of publishing professionals and students

Audio: An overview of changes large-scale. As we mentioned, there's expanded guidance on points of confusion, which was helpful and an organization and tone geared towards that dual audience of both publishing professionals and students, overall helpful changes to see.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Overview of Changes

Key Changes in Style

  • Heading styles for Levels 3, 4, and 5
  • One space after a period in the narrative
  • Numbers in an abstract no longer an exception

Audio: Some of the changes we are going to talk about as we hand off to Tobias, first heading style changes. There were changes in heading formatting for levels three, four and five as well as using one space after a period in a narrative. I know some of us have gotten very used to adding two spaces at the end of a sentence but we will have to switch to one. APA doesn't list numbers in an abstract so those are key changes that APA 7 has.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Overview of Changes

Key Changes in Reference Entries

  • Publisher location no longer necessary
  • Issue numbers always listed when there is one
  • Direct guidance to use URL version of DOIs
  • Italicize webpage titles

Audio: Reference entries also went through some changes really to acknowledge the updated publishing practices that we have in our online world. That means that for books, publisher location is no longer necessary. Issue numbers are always listed for journal articles and there's more direct guidance to use URL versions of DOI numbers as well as italicizing webpage titles. We will go into these in more detail and show you examples. This is just an overview of the changes. But these are all helpful changes I think that will be useful for us as writers.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Overview of Changes

Key Changes in Citations

  • Consistent use of et al. with all sources of three or more authors.

Audio: Citations. One of the key changes for us is a consistent use of et al. in citations which we will also talk about.

 

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: In Detail: Style Changes. Image of circle with “APA 7” inside.

Audio: With that, we are not going to talk about the detailed changes within style changes for APA 7 and I will hand it to Tobias to do his portion.

[Speaker changes: Tobias] I am coming to you all from Minneapolis, Minnesota where it is the afternoon so I say good afternoon to everybody. I am particularly excited to be talking to doctoral capstone students specifically because I work with the editing team where we perform the form and style review on every single doctoral manuscript that comes to Walden University. Like Beth said about being excited, the editors and myself are very excited about these changes. There are some great changes. The revisions are helpful, and we have found in our own training and practicing editing that the changes are not so stark that it's going to be difficult for students. I think it's going to be an easy transition for you all.

Keep in mind this is an introduction. If you have not cracked open in APA 7 manual, this is an introduction. No one should know everything by heart. I don't yet, but you can always contact us at the email addresses Beth mentioned and send questions about the presentation and we will make this transition together. I will go over a few of these changes.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Institutional Variances

Variances that will be reflected in our capstone templates:

  • Title on title pages is plain type
  • Font and point size for text is Times New Roman 12 point
  • Level 0 heading added
  • Left margin is 1.5 in.
  • No first person in the abstract

Audio: . First of all, we have some institutional variances. These institutional variances are areas where Walden University has a different application of the rules than the APA manual. There is mention in the manual that institutions and journals may have some different publication standards or requirements, and we have some of these.

When I say a variance, what I mean is that it's an area where Walden is different mostly in formatting and exclusively to the doctoral capstones. The question is why. Why would we vary from what APA has in the manual? They spent 10 years revising and reorganizing and publishing this manual. Why do we have to be different? There are a few reasons. One is that some of our variances make it easier for the student who is writing their capstone study.

It also means that as an organization, Walden University will have a consistent publication appearance and standard. Just like when you are submitting an article for a journal, perhaps the use APA, but they want something that is single spaced instead of double spaced or they have a particular font requirement. We have those requirements so our publication is clear. Keep in mind everyone's manuscript will be published in WordPress so we want those Walden manuscripts to not only meet a high academic standard, but a high formatting standard.

Finally, we have our own requirements that make us unique as the institution. Some of those variances -- all the variances are listed right here. The first ones will take place on the title page. Whereas in APA 7 titles of papers are in bold, what we have in our title is in plain text. That means it will match the rest of the text on the title page. The Walden University requirement for dissertations and projects is a font requirement is that it is 12-point Times New Roman. It just makes it easier for everyone if we have a single font we use and in fact it is a default in a lot of Microsoft Word settings.

We have also added what we call a level 0 heading. I will show you what that means here pretty soon. The level 0 heading applies to the chapter or section titles, to the reference list and to everything in the appendices. I will show you what that looks like in a little bit. Also, our left margin in a dissertation or project is 1.5 inches rather than the traditional 1 inch. We do that because not only do you submit your manuscript to ProQuest to be published, but you also have the option of receiving a print version of your dissertation or project. 1.5 inches accommodate for binding, so when you open the book that your dissertation is now in a book format, it's easier with 1.5 inch to accommodate that.

Finally, although we do require first person direct narrative for writers referring to themselves, so “I submitted the manuscript” or “I distributed the questionnaires,” in the abstract, we don't use first person. Instead, we will use the passive voice and I will show you some examples.

 

Visual: Slides changes to the following: Heading Levels

2.27 Heading levels all now use title case

Level 0 (Plain, Centered, Title Case [INSTITUTIONAL VARIANCE]

Level 1 Heading (Centered, Bold, Title Case)

Level 2 Heading Subsection (Flush Left, Bold, Title Case)

Level 3 Heading (Flush Left, Bold Italic, Title Case [NEW])

            Level 4 Heading. (Indented, Bold, Title Case, Ends With Period [NEW]) Text begins…

            Level 5 Heading. (Indented, Bold Italic, Title Case, Ends With Period [NEW]) Text begins…

Audio: Moving on here though headings. You can look at APA 2.27 and see what the headings look like. The level one through five headings are the same for Walden and for APA. All headings are going to be in bold. All headings are going to use title case meaning you will capitalize words of four letters or more. But it's the positions of the headings you want to pay attention to.

Level I heading is centered. Level II is flush left. Level 3 is flush left but also italics and bold. Then when we get into deeper sublevels -- I will be honest, as an editor, it's kind of rare that I see these level four and five headings. It's not often that the topic in a single section is parsed so small, but we do use them. Level IV heading is indented followed by a period so it's kind of like the first words of a paragraph. Level V to looks the same except for it is in italics.

You can glance back to the top of the slide. We've added a level 0 heading. This will apply for chapter titles, so Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study. That is a level 0 heading, centered, plaintext title case. That is also the heading we use for references and appendices. We do that so the student can avoid all double sub levels. If chapter titles were level one in your first section that says introduction would already be level two and it makes more levels. It's more aesthetically pleasing and easier to organize with fewer levels.

 

Visual: Changes to the following: Singular “They”

4.18 Use of “they” for individuals that use “they” as their pronoun (or when you do not know if a person uses “he” or “she”)

[Examples provided]: Each participant turned in their questionnaire.  Rowan helped themselves to the free coffee.

Audio: Next is a new change representing an evolution in the way we use our language. It's been used by the New York Times for quite a while. It is APA 4.18 use of the word “they.” Right now, we think of “they” as being a plural pronoun. Some individuals prefer to use the term “they” as their own pronoun, whereas I might use “he,” so if someone is referring to me, they would say “Tobias, he is a brilliant editor.” I might have a preferred pronoun of “they” so “Tobias, they are a great editor.” It's enforcing grammar chapter and bias-free language in the manual. It's also nice because it aligns with the Writing Center's inclusive language policy and practices. APA says to refer to people by the titles they prefer. So where this is essential, you might want to include it.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Anthropomorphism and Passive Voice

 4.11 Anthropomorphism (Acceptable constructions in widespread use do not constitute anthropomorphism).​

  • “This section addresses….”
  • “The chapter focuses on ….”​

4.13 Passive voice (Both active and passive voices are accepted in APA style. Use active voice as much as possible).​

Audio: Next are a couple of real hot button issues. We field a lot of questions, and it's anthropomorphism and passive voice. Anthropomorphism, APA 4.11, is where a writer will ascribe human attributes to an inanimate object. There's a lot of times when we want this to be avoided. However, there are some appropriate distinctions when it is not confusing who is doing the verb. If we were to write “this section addresses” or “this chapter focuses on,” it's generally understood what that means. The writer is referring to their own work. There's no confusion here. There are more examples. If anthropomorphism were to be overused in a manuscript, then your committee or editor would help you to revise those sections. But if it's clear who is doing it, then it's going to be permitted.

Passive voice. It's also something that is permitted. APA 4.13, a lot of times people say passive voice is forbidden. Active voice, both Walden and APA want you to use it as much as possible. But if the subject of the verb, if the person doing the verb is clear, then passive voice is going to be okay. Just a quick example. If I am writing “I distributed the surveys to the participants. Surveys were collected at the end of the day.” That second sentence, where there is really no subjects, just surveys were collected, that is passive voice, but it is clear based on the context of the paragraph that it is I as the researcher who is also doing the collecting. So we are going to be trusting the reader a little more with our use of passive voice. We are assuming they're going to understand that in the context of the paragraph, who was doing the verb before and who it was, it's going to be okay. These are pretty quick slides. We can answer more questions about this later. You can look at sections and we will be helping you.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Mechanics

  • 6.1 Use one space after a period.
  • 6.7 Use quotation marks (rather than italics) to refer to a letter, phrase, word, or sentence as itself or as a linguistic example.
    • The letter “m;” answered “yes” or “no.”
  • 6.33 Numbers in the abstract follow regular APA rules (rather than defaulting to numerals):
    • Participants included five women and three men.

Audio: Mechanics. APA 6.1 use one space after a period. There are many of us in the Writing Center who are cheering this. I am one of them. I am excited by one space after a period, but there's definitely some discussion about that. APA 6 says use one or two spaces after a period as long as you are consistent, but now we have a single rule to use one space. Another update is APA 6.7 use quotation marks rather than italics like before to refer to a letter, phrase, word or sentence itself as a linguistic example.

There are some great examples here. The letter “m” in APA 6, that “m” might've been in italics but here it is quotation marks. The participants answered “yes” or “no.” Use quotation marks. APA 6.33, this is an update that applies to all of you writing abstracts, which is everyone. Numbers in the abstract now follow the regular APA rules rather than defaulting to numerals. On APA 6, any time there was a number in the abstract, unless it's at the beginning of a sentence, it was always represented as a numeral. It could be 1 to 9 were still in number form. But now everything follows the regular APA rules to make it much easier. “Participants included five women and three men.” We use the words five and three because those are below nine. The current form would be the numerals 5 and 3 so it's going to be much easier following is APA rules.

 

Visual: Slides changes to the following: Spelling Indications

  • 6.11 Spelling conventions affirmed for web terms:
    • email
    • internet
    • Wi-Fi
    • ebook/ereader
    • webpage/website
    • smartphone

Audio: Here is another update. Who knows how some of these things get changed? But I think a lot of them will be easier. APA 6.11 spelling conventions. Email is now one word whereas before email was hyphenated e-mail. Internet was capitalized as a proper noun, although web was not capitalized. Internet is now lowercase. Wi-Fi with a hyphen with capital letters. Ebook and ereader with no hyphen. Webpage and website with one word. Smartphone with one word.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: In Detail: Reference Entry Changes. Image of circle with “APA 7” inside.

Audio: That was a flash through all those things but you guys are doing great. We are about halfway through. I'm going to pass it back to Beth.

[Speaker changes: Beth] Thank you so much, Tobias. I appreciate that, and I am one of those fans of one space after a period. I am glad that changed. I opened up a poll to get a pulse check on how you are feeling about these changes. It is the bottom right-hand corner, and we would love to hear how you are feeling, if these changes are exciting for you, if they are find what once you get used to them, if you are processing or feeling overwhelmed. We want to get a sense of how you're feeling on this so be sure to respond at the bottom and we will be moving on to talking about reference entries.

 

Visual: POLL pod opened in bottom right with the following:

Q: How are you feeling about the changes in this area of APA?

Options for response:

  • These changes are exciting.
  • These changes will be fine once I get used to them.
  • I’m still processing what these changes will mean in practice.
  • I’m overwhelmed by these changes.

Audio: It's looking like a lot of people are feeling kind of okay once you get used to these changes. It is exciting to me to see how many of you are excited about these changes. That's a great way to go here. But I want to acknowledge for those of you who are still processing or if you are feeling overwhelmed, that is entirely understandable. As we have talked about, this is just the first step in this transition to APA 7. Wonderful. Thank you everyone.

I am going to dive into reference entry changes. Reference entry changes actually are, I think, some of the more impactful changes. Really there's a good amount of them. But they all make a lot of sense for updated publishing practices and researching practices. I think they will be really useful throughout, but this is one of the more extensive sections we have is reference entries.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Authors

9.8 Provide surnames and initials for up to 20 authors. If 21 or more, use the ellipsis after the 19th, followed by the last author, with no ampersand.

Kalnay, E., Kanamitsu, M., Kistler, R., Collins, W., Deaven, D., Gandin, L., Iredell, M., Saha, S., White, G., Woollen, J., Zhu, Y., Chelliah, M., Ebisuzaki, W., Higgins, W., Janowiak, J., Mo, K. C., Ropelewski, C., Wang, J., Leetmaa, A., . . . Joseph, D. (1996). The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77(3), 437–471. https://doi.org/fg6rf9

Audio: The first change we have is about how many surnames or authors we list in an article that has many authors or in any source that has many authors. In APA 6, we would list less authors, but in APA 7, we now list initials or surnames for up to 20 authors. Once we hit more than 21 authors, use ellipses after the 19th followed by the last author with no ampersand. If you are using a source and start seeing you have a lot of authors to list, you might double check this rule and see if it applies to that particular reference entry.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: DOIs and URLs

9.3 Any source (e.g., books, articles) with a DOI should include that DOI number, even if you accessed it in print.

9.34 Simplified guidance on DOIs: If an online work (e.g., a journal article) has no DOI and was found through an academic research database, generally, no URL is needed. The reference will look just like the print version.

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24(2), 225–229. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Anderson, M. (2018). Getting consistent with consequences. Educational Leadership, 76(1), 26-33.

Audio: APA 7 also provides additional and updated guidance on DOIs and URLs. One of those is that any source, book or article, with a DOI number should include that number even if you accessed it in print. That's one of the changes here is that it doesn't really matter how you access the source as much. It matters in what information it's available, so if a book has a DOI number, you will include it. Same with a journal article.

There's also simplified guidance on DOIs. If an online work like a journal article does not have a DOI number and was found in a search database, generally you don't include any URL electronic information after that entry. If you see the two examples here, the first has the DOI number because this Herbst source has a DOI. But the Anderson source does not have a DOI number. Not all do, so in this case, we do not include a URL to the homepage of the journal. Instead we just end the entry after the page range here. It looks more simplified and a little bit like you accessed this source in print, but that's the updated guidance that APA 6 has. We will dive into this more when we look specifically at journal article reference entries.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: DOIs and URLs

9.35 DOIs and URLs should be presented as hyperlinks (beginning with "http://" or "https://"). Standardize DOIs to start with https://doi.org/. Hyperlinks (blue and underlined) should be used in the courses, as these works are read online.

9.36 Shortened DOIs or URLs are acceptable (but not required) for a long or complex DOI/URL (use http://shortdoi.org/ to shorten). Do not add line breaks manually, although automatic breaks from Word are acceptable.

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24(2), 225–229. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Anderson, M. (2018). Getting consistent with consequences. Educational Leadership, 76(1), 26-33.

Audio: Additionally, when thinking about DOIs and URLs, all the DOIs should be presented in the URL format. You can see in this Herbst source, we have the DOI listed as a URL and it's also hyperlinked. All URLs we provide in APA 7 edition should be hyperlinked, underlined and in blue. That is an across the board. This is really applying because we are an online institution, and we are writing for online readers, so your URLs will also be hyperlinked. APA says if you're writing for a print audience, it shouldn't be hyperlinked, but we write for an online audience so it should include the hyperlinked URL. APA 7 says we can use shortened DOIs and URLs but that's not required. You can shorten DOIs or URLs if they are long, but it is not required, and if you are not comfortable with that you can leave them as is.

 

Visual: Slides changes to the following: Publisher Information

  • 9.29 Spell and capitalize the publisher name exactly as it appears in the cited work (SAGE Publishing vs. Sage Publications).
  • 9.29 Leave off designations of business structure (e.g., Inc., Ltd., LLC).
  • 9.29 If the publisher is an imprint or division of a larger publishing company, use the imprint/division.
  • 9.29 No longer need publisher location (city, state abbreviation) alongside publisher name.

Brown, L. S. (2018). Feminist therapy (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association.       https://doi.org/10.1037/0000092-0000    

Audio: There is also some updated information about publisher information. The first is to spell and capitalize the publisher name exactly as it appears in the cited work. We have an example he of SAGE Publishing in all capitals versus Sage Publishing. Then we also leave off designations of business structure, as those are not necessary.

Finally -- this one, I think, is going to be seen a little bit more too -- is that if the publisher that you are working with for a source is an imprint or division of a larger publishing company, then you use that imprint or division. This would mostly apply, I think, where we are seeing it is in book reference entries where you have a publisher and on that copyright page there is a larger publisher and then a smaller publisher that is owned by that larger publisher. In those cases, you will use the smaller publisher as your publisher in the reference entry.

Finally, for books, we also do not need to include publisher location. The city and state abbreviation are left out. You can see that here in this reference entry. It looks very similar to what we had in the 6th edition except we include the publisher, American Psychological Association. We do not include city or state, and the URL DOI is included.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Nontraditional Sources

  • 10.1/10.2 Simplified or removed bracketed notations for types of sources (e.g., “video” instead of “video file”; no notation for blog posts)
  • Chapter 10 Updated ebook, dissertation/thesis, unpublished manuscript (citing yourself), and audio/visual formats
    • Recommendation: Review format and follow examples on our website and in the Manual when you encounter these types of sources.

Klymkowsky, M. (2018, September 15). Can we talk scientifically about free will? Sci-Ed. https://blogs.plos.org/scied/2018/09/15/can-we-talk-scientifically-about-free-will/

Cutts, S. (2017, November 24). Happiness [Video]. Vimeo. http://vimeo.com/24405542

Audio: For nontraditional sources, APA has updated some information as well. I am going to do an overview, but know that we do recommend looking in the manual or on our website to see the specific examples of what kind of nontraditional sources you are working with. We also have a webinar that is scheduled for tomorrow focusing on nontraditional sources that you are welcome to attend as well.

First APA 7 simplified or removed bracketed notations. These were notations to tell the reader what kind of nontraditional source you are working with. In the past we might've said “video file” but now we say “video” and we do not need to note blog post. There's also an updated [word?], dissertation theses and unpublished manuscript format. I recommend taking a look at the examples in the manual and Writing Center website for those changes.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Webpages and Retrieval Information

  • 9.23 A webpage is now considered a stand-alone source. As such, webpage titles should be italicized.
  • 9.35 The words "Retrieved from" or "Accessed from" are not necessary before a URL.

Bologna, C. (2018, June 27). What happens to your mind and body when you feel homesick? HuffPost. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/what-happens-mind-body

Audio: Webpages. Webpages look pretty similar except we now consider a webpage a standalone source so we italicize the title of that webpage. We also do not need to include the words “retrieved from” or “accessed from.” We just include the URL. So in this particular example we have an individual listed as the author, the title is in italics. Then we include the publisher, the company as a whole before the URL.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Additional Items of Note

  • 9.25 Include issue number for all periodicals that have an issue number.
  • 10.10 (specifically #79 and #80) Guidance for mobile apps.
  • 10.11/10.12 More examples and categories of audiovisual media.
  • 10.15 More examples and clarification on references for social media sites.

Audio: A few other additional items here. We mentioned this already a little, but for journal articles, we will always include the issue number for periodicals that have that issue number. In APA 6th edition, you had to decide how the journal was paginated to determine whether the issue number should be included or not. In APA 7th edition, if the issue number exists, if a journal is published by issue you will include that number so it's an easier default. Specific guidelines provided on how to cite mobile apps and more examples and categories of audiovisual material as well as more examples for social media sites. I think this is helpful in case those are part of your research for your doctoral capstone.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: In Detail: Common Reference Examples. Image of circle with “APA 7” inside.

Audio: At this point, I'm going to dive into some specific examples for reference entries. These are our big three that most Walden students will use most of the time, books, webpages and journal articles.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Journal Articles with DOI

APA 6:

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J.A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225–229. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

APA 7:

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24(2), 225–229. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Audio: The first example that we have here is our journal article with a DOI. You can see here that the changes I talked about are applying in our 7th edition example. We have shown in APA 6 examples so you can see the two and compare them. Again, it would be great I think to download these slides in the files pod at the bottom right-hand corner so you can refer to these changes and see them more specifically on your own time as well.

But with the 7th edition, you can see the authors, year, title of the source of the article are all similar from 6th to 7th edition. They are exactly the same. The changes that we see happen where we include the issue number for APA 7 at the bottom there. Then we also adjusted how the DOI is included. It is the URL format that is also hyperlinked so those are the main changes we see here.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Journal Articles with no DOI

APA 6: From Academic Database

Anderson, M. (2018). Getting consistent with consequences. Educational Leadership, 76(1), 26–33. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership.aspx

APA 7: From Academic Database

Anderson, M. (2018). Getting consistent with consequences. Educational Leadership, 76(1), 26–33.

Audio: If an article does not have a DOI number, remember with that updated guidance in APA 7, we actually ended the entry after the page range. I know the hanging indent didn't quite come through on this slide in our 6 edition example. But in the 6th edition, you can see after they page range, we include retrieved from and the homepage of the journal. That was the guidance in the 6th edition. In the 7th edition, after the page range, we simply end the entry. There's nothing else we need to include. I want to specify that you will still go through the process of checking whether an article has a DOI number that you had before with 6th edition. If the DOI numbers listed on the article itself or the database in the library where you downloaded it, you will make sure to include it. If you don't see the DOI number, we still need to check to see if it's included and we still recommend at this point going to crossref.org to see if the DOI exists. After you've done the checks and you still can't find a DOI number, the process is done and you will end the entry after that page range as we have here.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Webpages

APA 6:

World Health Organization. (2018, March). Questions and answers on immunization and vaccine safety. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/features/qa/84/en/

APA 7:

World Health Organization. (2018, March). Questions and answers on immunization and vaccine safety. https://www.who.int/features/qa/84/en/

Audio: Webpages look pretty similar. We have in our 7th edition example the author is in this case not an individual but an organization. We included the specific date the webpage was published and we have the title in italics. It still uses sentence case just like we did in the 6th edition, but we have now italicized that title. The URL looks different because we don't include “retrieved from” before it and we also include that hyperlink so that looks different as well. It's really those two are the main changes for webpages.

 

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Books

APA 6:

Burgess, R. (2019). Rethinking global health: Frameworks of power. New York, NY: Routledge.

APA 7:

Burgess, R. (2019). Rethinking global health: Frameworks of power. Routledge.

Johnson, P. (2003). Art: A new history. HarperCollins. https://doi.org/10.1037.0000136-000

Audio: Finally, the common source that we have is for books. Books also look pretty similar with just a few helpful changes. In the 6th edition and 7th edition, authors, years and titles of the books all look the same. Where we get a change here is in the publication information. In the 7th edition, we do not include that state abbreviation along with the city. We just end with the publisher. You will also include the DOI as well, if it exists for the book.

 

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: In Detail: Citation Changes. Image of circle with “APA 7” inside.

Audio: Before I hand it back over to Tobias to talk about citation changes and other formatting changes, I want to again get a pulse check to see how you are doing with this. I said the reference ones are kind of more extensive. But I think really helpful. Let us know. How are you feeling? Excited about these changes? Will they be fine once you get used to them? Are you still processing? Are you overwhelmed? It's okay and entirely find to be overwhelmed. How are you all feeling about these?

[Slight pause in waiting for responses.]

Visual: POLL pod opened in bottom right with the following:

Q: How are you feeling about the changes in this area of APA?

Options for response:

  • These changes are exciting.
  • These changes will be fine once I get used to them.
  • I’m still processing what these changes will mean in practice.
  • I’m overwhelmed by these changes.

 Audio: Good to see. I'm not seeing anyone super overwhelmed so I will go back to the presentation layout here. Tobias, I will hand it off to you.

[Speaker changes: Tobias] Thank you, Beth. This is the point where if we were in a residency together in a room full of people, we would probably see folks who had some glassy eyes or maybe even dozing because this can feel kind of like drier stuff, the minutia of the new APA manual. But keep in mind you are earning a terminal degree. Your doctoral research will represent something new. APA calls that you are a contributor who is fostering growth in the field. This is really a part of it. Knowing how to properly cite something allows someone else, a future researcher, to use your work as a springboard for their own and being able to find those resources you used is a major facet of that. I am grateful so many of you are here and still listening and paying attention. Thank you very much. We are kind of turning, like we are rounding second base or pushing third.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Citations

8.17 Sources with three or more authors use et al. for all citations.

APA 6:

Frenk, Gomez-Dantes, and Knaul (2019) explored the benefits of health care coverage in the United States. In their study, Frenk et al. argued for implementing universal health coverage. 

APA 7:

Frenk et al. (2019) explored the benefits of health care coverage in the United States. In their study, Frenk et al.  argued for implementing universal health coverage. 

Audio: When it comes to citations, APA 8.17, sources with three or more authors use at all for all citations. If the source had three, four or five authors, the first time you cite the source, you cite everybody. It APA 7 says three or more authors, we cite the surname of the first author followed by et all. Three or more authors, surname of the first author only followed by et al. The period comes after the al. Et is Latin for “and” and Al is short for “others.”

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Citations

  • 8.3 Guidance on reusing your own work in student papers.
  • 8.6 In secondary source citations, if the year of publication of the primary source is known, also include it in the text citation (if not, omit it). 

(Rabbitt, 1982, as cited in Lyon et al., 2014).

Audio: APA 8.3 is guidance on reusing your own work and student papers. This is a bit sticky because as a doctoral student, one of your responsibilities is to show that you are familiar with the most recent peer-reviewed publications in your field. So if you happen to write a student paper which you are particular proud of and it was a year or two ago and you find that the subjects of another student paper or perhaps your dissertation or your doctoral project  overlaps, you might be considering citing your own self because you did a pretty good job summarizing some of the literature or analyzing something. So there is guidance on how to do that to avoid plagiarism.

However, just as an editor and somebody who sees all kinds of doctoral manuscripts every day, I encourage you as a researcher to go back and review that same thing you already read or find something new and offer a new perspective. Even after a few months, your knowledge has broadened, your experience is different. Go ahead and allow the reader to see how you've changed and how your ideas have evolved.

APA 8.6 when using a secondary source citation. If the year of publication of the primary source is known, you do include it. If not, don't worry about it. Here in this case, maybe you read Lyon et al. in 2014 but Lyon referenced Rabbitt 1982. If you can't get a hold of Rabbitt 1982, but you want to include it, you have to make sure you are using the secondary source citation format. So the reader knows you didn't actually have your hands on Rabbitt, but you had your hands on Lyon. Using two animal surnames there. But if you cannot find the original publication date, then you omit it.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Tables and Figures

Tables

See Sample Tables starting with Table 7.2

APA 6

Table 1    ← Table number is plain type

Predictors of Self-Reported Moral Behavior    Table title is Italics, title case, double

  spaced under table number

APA 7

Table 1 Table number is bold type

 

Predictors of Self-Reported Moral Behavior Table title is Italics, title case, double spaced

under table number (same)

Audio: Here is a change that everybody wants to pay attention to. It's tables and figures. It's rare we come across a dissertation or doctoral project that doesn't include at least one table or figure. Often several tables and figures. Right now, tables are titled. The table number and title appear above the table in the manuscript. APA 6 we have the table title, which is in plain -- table number is in plain text. The table title following it using title case is in italics. Now we have a slight update to APA 7. If you are including tables in your manuscript, the table number would be in bold. That is the main change there. Table number in bold. The table title will still be in italics and using title case. That is a minor change.

 

Visual: Slides changes to the following: Tables and Figures

Figures

APA 6

Figure 1. Generic mediation model being tested.     ← Figure number is italic, ends in a

period. Figure caption is plain type, sentence case, on same line with figure number, ends in a period.

The number and caption appear below the figure.

 

APA 7

Figure 1 Figure number is bold type, does not end in a period.

Generic Mediation Model Being Tested  Figure title is Italics, title case, double spaced

     under figure number, all placed above the 

     figure.

Tables and figures now have the same style and placement

Audio: The bigger change I think is in figures. Right now, APA 6 uses a caption model. In other words, the figure number and the title appear beneath the figure. They also appear in one line, as the example shows there. So there would be the figure and beneath it, figure 1 in italics followed by a period and then plaintext, the title or description of the figure with a period as well. Here's the big change in APA 7. The figure titles look just like the table titles. The figure number is in bold and the figure title or explanation will be in title case in italics appearing above or before the figure. So it's kind of nice that they are both the same. It's going to be a cleaner presentation.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Support, Resources, and Q&A. Image of circle with “APA 7” inside.

Audio: I will pass this right back to Beth to take us home.

[Change in speaker: Beth] Thanks so much, Tobias. I appreciate it and let's open up our pulse check just one last time here to see how you all are doing. How are you feeling about these changes that Tobias just talked about, the citations, tables and figures? I editorialized at the beginning that these were a little simpler, which was kind of nice. But I'm interested to hear your thoughts and responses here.

Visual: POLL pod opened in bottom right with the following:

Q: How are you feeling about the changes in this area of APA?

Options for response:

  • These changes are exciting.
  • These changes will be fine once I get used to them.
  • I’m still processing what these changes will mean in practice.
  • I’m overwhelmed by these changes.

Audio: Yes, great. It looks like everyone is feeling alright once we kind of have some time to get used to them. For those of you still processing or if you are feeling overwhelmed, we would highly understand. This is not a simple process here. But I'm excited to see those of you that are really excited about these changes too. I think they will be really helpful for us as writers. Alright, I am going to close us out and finish up the presentation here.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: Reminders

Spirit of Learning and Openness

  • Show curiosity
  • Use available resources
  • Ask questions!

Upcoming Webinars

Questions and Support

Audio: I just have a couple of slides of reminders. Then we are going to do some Q&A as a group of any questions that would be helpful for us to talk about out loud. A reminder about approaching this APA 7 transition. A reminder that all of us in the University as University community are making this transition, and we really want to emphasize that, while we in the Writing Center have been preparing for this transition for many months now, we also are all learning this with you as are your faculty and fellow peers. Know you are not alone in this transition. We are all going through it.

We encourage you to show curiosity. Look up rules and see how they are changing, and bookmark those resources we talked about. It's going to take proactive learning on your part to make this shift, and we want to encourage that. Make sure to use the available resources as we talked about, and ask questions as well. Be sure to email us at the APA 7 account or at editor@waldenu.edu, and we will be happy to answer your questions and walk you through any of the issues you might be encountering. I reminder that we have 7 sections coming up in the next couple weeks that I have already mentioned. They are available on our Writing Center website. If you are looking for a deeper dive into rules and thinking more about some of these, I encourage you to access those sessions. Register for them or access the recordings afterwards. Either of those is an option for you.

We have the APA 7 transition webpage, the APA 7 email addresses listed here as well as the editor email. We also invite you to attend the editor office hours from the doctoral capstone form and style home page, and you can visit that as well. You can download the slides by clicking on the file called “slides” and download the file.

 

Visual: Slide changes to the following: APA 7 Final Questions. APA 7 at a Glance: Changes and Support for the Switch. Image of circle with “APA 7” inside.

Claiming Credit: Walden University designates each webinar in the APA 7 at a Glance series for 1.0 contact hour. Nurses may claim credit for only one activity in the APA 7 at a Glance series. To claim credit for APA 7 at a Glance 4: Changes and Support for the Switch (Doctoral Capstone Students), access the claim credit link https://waldenuniversitycne.rievent.com/a/FDJPSG, complete the evaluation, and download the certificate.

Audio: At this point then, Amber or Martha or Tobias, any questions that would be helpful as you were looking in the Q&A box? Or trends you are seeing that we can talk through?

[Speaker changes: Amber] I will pop in with a couple. We have several questions about the templates and when they will be available for doctoral capstones.

[Speaker changes: Beth] Those templates will be available June 1 so there's time before you have those available. With all the templates, you are able to take what you have been working on and cut and paste it into the template to use its formatting.

[Speaker changes: Amber] Thanks, Beth. I also -- this is more of a comment. We have a lot of folks towards the end saying how much they felt relieved by the changes. Things seem to have been simplified. There are not a ton of new changes to get used to so there's some good vibes happening in the Q&A box about these changes.

[Speaker changes: Beth]: That is wonderful to hear. Good.

[Speaker changes: Amber]: We had some questions I think you just spoke to this. But I will go ahead and ask you maybe to repeat where they can find recordings of this session and future APA sessions and where they can find the slides.

[Speaker changes: Beth]: The slides are in the bottom right-hand corner. They are in the files pod and if you click on the title of the file that says “slides,” you will be able to click the button that says download files and you will be able to download them there. Also know you will receive an automatic email after this webinar, and you can reply to that email and I will send you the slides. I am going to send in the Q&A box the link to our APA webinar archive. This is the place where we post all the recordings for APA sessions. Yesterday's general students APA 7 at a glance webinar is posted there, and I will be posting this recording shortly. All the sessions throughout the next couple weeks will be posted there so know those will all be updated as they come out, and you are welcome to come and take a look at those.

[Speaker changes: Amber] Scanning through the questions now.

[Speaker changes: Beth] Do you want me to talk about where they can find the manual

[Speaker changes: Amber] That would be great. That is coming up.

[Speaker changes: Beth] Note here that we do recommend purchasing a copy of the manual. You have the option of doing a print version and there is a bound copy and a spiral-bound copy. But you can also do an Ebook copy if that works for you so based on your preferences. Of course, this can be available through any online bookseller, but the Walden bookstore has them too and they should be included as part of the materials and the things that you have for your program as well. Amber, did I represent that accurately from your understanding?  I want to make sure I'm not providing any wrong information.

[Speaker changes: Amber] Yes, I think that is correct. Somebody mentioned that they had been looking on Amazon for the APA 7 manual and there are several listed. I wanted to throw out too that I think if you go to the wider marketplace, there are several different styles of manual, meaning tabbed or regular paperback. There's also an abbreviated manual. We are recommending purchasing the full manual instead of abbreviated. Be sure to go with the one that has the full 400-some pages instead of the one that is short.

[Speaker changes: Beth] You might be surprised to know the 7th addition is bigger than the 6th edition. I think it's because there's more clarity not because there's more rules. But it's definitely a longer addition, and yes, get the full edition. In particular, I like to highlight the Chapters 9 and 10, which include all the reference entry examples which I think are really helpful in the new edition.

[Speaker changes: Amber] There's another trend on that topic about the electronic version and just a note there. Especially for international students, getting the print version can be tricky on a normal day, but certainly tricky right now. The electronic version is also available from the Walden bookstore, so if you can't get it anywhere else, you should be able to get it through Walden's bookstore.

[Speaker changes: Beth] I think we did see that it was sold out on Amazon, but if you go through the Walden bookstore, that would be a great place to go to look. I know we all think of Amazon first, but --

[Speaker changes: Amber] We had a couple of questions about the DOI appearance. Should it be an active hyperlink or is plaintext acceptable?

[Speaker changes: Beth] Because we are writing for an online audience of readers -- our coursework, capstones are all online documents -- you want those to be hyperlinked. If you were writing strictly for a book that was going to be published, then those DOI URLs would not need to have those hyperlinks. They would be useless. But because you are writing online, you will keep those hyperlinks. Note here, I think I did catch a question in the Q&A box -- Amber, make sure I am representing this accurately -- someone asked whether they can make the hyperlink black or whether they should keep the default blue. We have been keeping the default blue, but you can change it to black if you wanted to. I think that's an option APA 7 mentions. But it isn't something that we have specific either/or on. Am I misrepresenting that?

[Speaker changes: Amber] That is my take as well.

[Speaker changes: Beth] Good. Thank you.

[Speaker changes: Amber] A few other people have asked about follow-up questions. Once they start diving into APA 7 and their documents, are there APA office hours? Ways that they can check back in with us if they start implementing the changes and get a little lost?

[Speaker changes: Beth]: Yes. Do continue to check in with us. All the normal support that the Writing Center has is available for you. Of course, editor@waldenu.edu, please email us and let us know what questions you have. But we also have the editor office hours which are potentially may be what you are thinking about are those hours where we have live editors available to answer questions. Those are available on the form and style homepage. All of those are listed on this slide I have up here. Note that between now and June 1, definitely use our apa7@mail.waldenu.edu address and send us questions there. That's the address where we have been taking APA 7 questions and we have people who are versed in all of this information that can answer those questions between now and June 1 as well.

All those resources are available and continue to be available. As a reminder, the Writing Center has transitioned to using APA 7 so you will see this support and information throughout our other resources like our residency sessions, webinars and upcoming blog posts that we publish, things like that. Know we are making that transition with you as well.

[Speaker changes: Amber] One plug. A whole bunch of you are writing in saying how much you like the spiral-bound version. I just wanted to pass that along. That's also what I have and there's nice little tabs and many tables of contents for each chapter, so it's very easy to navigate and even though the chapters are divided up much differently than they will are APA 6, organization has been intuitive for us and useful so I wanted to pass that piece of news along. There are some big fans of the spiral bound.

[Speaker changes: Beth]: I'm not sure if this is in the regular bound -- is that what it's called? I don't have the words for it right now, but the other print version. I don't know if it has this. Spiral bound has some cheat sheets from APA 7 on the covers, so a quick outline of the heading levels, which is a really helpful quick reference too. Again, if you are an ebook person or that is what you have available to you, that would be helpful. But I found the spiral bound to be really helpful too. We are at the last couple minutes here. Anything else from you Amber or Tobias if you have anything to help wrap us up or any last thoughts that you wanted to share?

[Speaker changes: Tobias]: Maybe some encouragement. I think this is going to be great, and the editors are ready to answer questions and to support students if there any APA 7 submissions. But I think the changes are for the good, and I'm encouraged by how many students have come today and taken time to listen. So thank you for being here.

[Speaker changes: Beth]: Thank you, Tobias. I agree wholeheartedly. We will go ahead and wrap this up for the day. I just want to make one last note here that if you are one of those nurses looking to claim contact hours for this session, we have a link to the claim that credit link here. We will also provide that link after the webinar in the follow-up email, and if you have trouble finding that, feel free to respond to the follow-up email and let us know. Just good luck everyone. We are excited about these changes. I think it'll be for the positive is we get over this initial shock of learning everything and we are here to help support you. Do let us know how we can help and we look forward to continuing to work with you. Happy writing, everyone. we are going to go ahead and close out for the day. Thanks all.

[End of Webinar]