Consider citations as an article or book's address.
For example, if your friend lives in Minneapolis, Minnesota you wouldn't hop in your car and try to find a specific home in a large city. The saying "needle in a haystack" comes to mind. Instead you would ask for the street name and house or apartment number.
Article citations are similar to home addresses - they include all the components necessary to locate a specific article in a library that has millions of articles. Just an article title and author's name is like having just the city and state of a house address.
Example article citation:
Stern, C., & Kaur, T. (2010). Developing theory-based, practical information literacy training for adults. International Information & Library Review, 42(2), 69-74.
Let's dissect these article citation components:
|Authors||Stern, C., & Kaur, T.|
|Title||Developing theory-based, practical information literacy training for adults.|
|Journal Title||International Information & Library Review|
|Volume/Issue||42 (volume) 2 (issue)|
Distinguishing an article citation from a book citation is easy. Book citations do not have volume or issue numbers or page numbers (unless it's a chapter from a book), but they include the location and name of the publisher.
Example book citation:
Pink, D. H. (2006). A whole new mind: Why right-brainers will rule the future. New York: Riverhead Books.
Notice the lack of a volume and issue number and the inclusion of a city of publication (New York) and the name of the book publisher (Riverhead Books). This is how you distinguish an article citation from a book citation.
Example book chapter citation from an edited book:
Bennett, E., Berg, S. & Brothen, E. (2010). Maximizing the value of reference data: a case study. In D. Orcutt (Ed.), Library data: empowering practice and persuasion (pp. 183-195). Santa Barbara, CA: Libraries Unlimited.
Book chapters from edited books will first list the authors of the book chapter (Bennett, Berg, & Brothen), followed by the title of the chapter (Maximizing the value of reference data: a case study), and then followed by the rest of the components of a book citation.
Book chapters also include the page numbers where the chapter may be located in the book.
|Author(s)||Bennett, E., Berg, S. & Brothen, E|
|Chapter Title||Maximizing the value of reference data: a case study|
|Book Title||Library data: empowering practice and persuasion|
|Publisher||Santa Barbara, CA: Libraries Unlimited|
Here are the steps to locate an article by journal title and the options to search inside of it: