Dery, David. 1984. “What is a Problem, so that it May be Usefully Defined?” and “Social Problems as Opportunities for Improvement.” Pp. 21–36 in Problem Definition in Policy Analysis. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
Edelman, Murray. 1988. Constructing the Political Spectacle. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Goggin, Malcolm L., Ann Bowman, James P. Lester, and Laurence J. O’Toole, Jr. 1990. Implementation Theory and Practice: Toward a Third Generation. Glenview, Ill.: Scott, Foresman/Little, Brown.
Hannan, Michael T., and John Freeman. 1989. Organizational Ecology. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
Hekathorn, Douglas D., and Steven M. Maser. 1987. “Bargaining and the Sources of Transaction Costs: The Case of Government Regulation.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 3:69–98.
Hill, Jeffrey S., and James E. Brazier. 1991. “Constraining Administrative Decisions: A Critical Examination of the Structure and Process Hypothesis.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organizations 7:373–400.
Ingram, Helen. 1977. “Policy Implementation through Bargaining: The Case of Federal Grants in Aid.” Public Policy 25:499–526.
Jensen, Michael C., and William Meckling. 1976. “Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behavior, Agency Costs, and Ownership Structure.” Journal of Financial Economics 3:305–60.
Knoke, David. 1990. Organizing for Collective Action: The Political Economies of Associations. Hawthorne, N.Y.: Aldine de Gruyter.