Synthesis is often one of the biggest challenges to writing the capstone. Synthesis is most apparent when reviewing the literature, but synthesizing evidence is necessary throughout the document as the writer establishes the topic and problem, illustrates the gap, justifies the method and design, and even when presenting results and conclusion.
The Form and Style website includes several other pages with descriptions, discussions, and examples of synthesis; however, before a writer can begin synthesizing ideas and information, the writer must read. Whether it be for the initial stages of the development of the problem or writing up the conclusion and social change recommendations, doctoral writers are presenting and synthesizing information. Efficient reading, aimed at transferring those ideas into writing (what the Walden editors call “reading to write”), is the first step toward effective discussion of the literature and synthesis.
Making connections while reading is an important step to both reading comprehension and synthesis. Reading to write involves the following goals:
Scholarly articles have a formula to them. This general outline is the formula typical scholarly articles will follow. This information may be helpful in the process and practice of reading to write: