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EDPD 8085 Module 1 Assignment: Module 1 Assignment

Search for Original Work

In this assignment you are to locate original work by Urie Bronfenbrenner in the Walden Library.  When searching for classic works by theorists, keep in mind the time frame in which that material would be published and to look for both books and articles. 

Search for Books in Walden Library.

What is a Classic Article?

Classic works are ones that have had a major impact in a field of study.

As you go through your program, you will become familiar with classic works because they will be mentioned frequently in textbooks, research articles, and other resources.

It is more difficult to identify classic articles as a new student.  Here are some hallmarks of classic works:

  • frequently cited by other authors
  • written by major theorists or researchers
  • often called influential, seminal, or groundbreaking in literature reviews

To find classic works, you can try the three following strategies:

Look at the number of times the article has been cited.

Google Scholar is a useful tool for this type of search.

Search for articles that are at least 10 years old.  Then look for a number next to Cited by under the article information. This tells you how many times it has been cited in other books and articles.

There is no specific number of times an article needs to be cited to be classic. It depends on the age and popularity of the topic. Look for items that are cited more often than your other results of similar age.

Learn how to link Google Scholar to the Walden Library.


Look for articles and books written by major theorists.

You can find the names of major theorists listed in textbooks, encyclopedias, and informational websites.  The Walden Library has a collection of encyclopedias you can search.  The Further Readings area often lists major works on the topic. For more information see our Theories and Theorist guide.

Once you've identified the name of a theorist, you can search for articles by that theorist. You can do this by searching for the name, last name first, and changing Select a Field (optional) to AU Author using the drop-down menu. A good database for this search is Education Source.


Look for articles that are frequently referenced in the literature you have on your topic. 

Read through the bibliography and the literature review sections of several related articles to see if they cite the same sources, or mention specific sources as being influential.

In a literature review you might see information that mentions a theorist and his classic work on the topic. For example, in an article on andragogy, you might see that Malcom Knowles is mentioned as important to the principles of andragogy. The same article may list Knowles' book, The Adult Learner: A Neglected Species. These are clues that this theorist and work are important to the idea of andragogy.


Helpful Links

Search by Author

Sometimes you will need to search for works by a specific author.  The tool you use will depend on the type of resource you need to find.

Search using the Last Name firt.  Sometimes only initials are used for the first name.

e.g. Gardner, Howard

or Gardner, H

Also be sure to change the search dropdown to "Author."

Search for Information by and about a theorist

Watch this quick video to see how to search for information by and about theorists:

Video: Select a Field

(1 min 55 sec) Recorded Feb 2016