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NURS 8000 Foundations & Essentials of Doctoral Study in Nursing: Additional Resources

Citation Cheat Sheet

Based on your assignments for this course, here are links to citations you'll be frequently including in your reference lists:

• Chapters within books
• Websites
• Course materials
• Journal articles
• Walden's mission statement

Course Definitions

Course media: Any webcast videos or DVDs that you will use in your course.


Course materials: Resources created specifically for a course (study notes, lecture notes, and handouts).


Scholarly writing:  Type of writing used in academics (also called academic writing), that includes formal tone and vocabulary, careful citation, and original thought.


Critical thinking: The active process of evaluating and connecting the information you read.


American Psychological Association (APA) styleA set of standards in the social sciences fields that address (1) crediting sources; (2) document formatting; and (3) writing style and organization.


Academic integrity: The proper citation of the information and ideas you borrow from sources, including proper paraphrasing and citing of sources.

PlagiarismRepresenting a source's information as your own work, most commonly seen in inadequate citing of sources, as well as incorrect paraphrasing or direct copying and pasting of phrasing.


ParaphrasingRestating, condensing, or clarifying a source's original information in your own words.

Turnitin (TII)A program that compares student work against journals, books, and websites searching for a "similarity index" that will identify pieces of text that are similar to sources in the TII database. TII reports can help us properly credit and paraphrase sources.