Key: subject = yellow, bold; verb = green, underline
Subjects and verbs must agree in number.
Example: She writes every day.
Example: They write every day.
Sometimes, however, it seems a bit more complicated than this.
Example: The student and the committee members write every day.
Example: The percentage of students who called in sick and the number of students who were marked as truant are proportional to the students' degree of seniority.
Example: Interviews are one way to collect data and allow researchers to gain an in-depth understanding of participants.
Example: Writing is a skill that takes a good deal of practice and is a requirement of most online classes.
Example: The people who pursue a PhD degree are few.
Example: The student, as well as the committee members, is excited.
Example: The student with all the Master’s degrees is very motivated.
Example: Strategies that the teacher uses to encourage classroom participation include using small groups and clarifying expectations.
Example: The focus of the interviews was nine purposively selected participants.
Example: The chairperson or the CEO approves the proposal before proceeding.
Example: The student or the committee members write every day.
Example: The committee members or the student writes every day.
Example: Each of these ideas is good.
Example: Everybody sometimes questions subject-verb agreement rules.
Example: Nobody writes without making errors.
Example: Either answer is correct.
Example: A lot of money is donated to the charity every year.
Example: News is on the radio every day.
Example: Hockey is a popular sport in Minnesota.
Example: Diabetes affects many people around the world.
Example: The information obtained from the business owners was relevant to include in the study.
Example: The scissors are in the drawer.
Example: His jeans are too tight.
Example: Her shorts are very comfortable.
Example: There is a book.
Example: There are many books.
Example: The group meets every week.
Example: The committee agrees on the quality of the writing.
However, the plural verb is used if the focus is on the individuals in the group. This is much less common.
Example: The committee participate in various volunteer activities in their private lives.