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KAM Resources: Tables, Figures, References, and Appendices


In the body of your KAM, information that does not appear in textual form must be formatted and labeled as either a table or figure. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association does not allow for the words graph, illustration, or chart. Refer to this information as either a table or a figure.

It is important that you number tables and figures consecutively: Table 1, Table 2, Figure 1, Figure 2.  If you have four tables and then a figure, you will still label it Figure 1 as this is the first figure.


Place the word Table and the table number above the table, flush left. Place the title of the table (in title case), double-spaced, under the table number, flush left in italics. Double-, triple-, or quadruple-space before and after the table; be consistent.  APA allows for the use of horizontal lines but not vertical lines within a table.

Information regarding abbreviations or symbols used in a table, copyright information, and probability must be located in a Note below the table. See section 5.16 in the APA manual for more formatting information.

Table 4
Comparison of Boys and Girls by Height and Weight

Variable Average
behavior incident
Boys (n = 60)
5 ft 1 in
120 lbs
6 days
Girls (n = 62)
5 ft 2 in
105 lbs
0.5 days


Note. From “Analysis of Middle School Hormones,” by W. Steeves, 2001, Journal of Despair, 98, p. 11. Reprinted with permission.


Place the word Figure and the figure number under the figure, flush left in italics. The title of the figure goes next to the number in sentence case.

Figure 1. Bar graph showing hours of television watched per week by age group. From “Impact of television on teenagers,” by A. B. Alphabet, 2010, Journal of Television, 4(1), p. 145. Reprinted with permission.


Your references for the sources you cite in your Breadth, Depth, and Application should all appear in a global reference list at the end of your KAM. See our APA references resources for more information on formatting your reference list.


Use an appendix for supplemental information that would distract from the narrative of your KAM if it were included in the main text. For example, you could use an appendix to provide the full text of a survey used in your research, a figure that supports but does not directly relate to your argument, or a list of technical terms relevant to your topic. Appendices appear at the end of your document, after the reference list, and each one begins with a Level 0 heading containing the word Appendix. If you have more than one appendix, the first heading of each one will also have a capital letter to differentiate the appendices from one another, such as Appendix A, Appendix B, and Appendix C. In general your appendix should follow the same rules for formatting and organization used in the main text of your paper. See our page, Appendices, for more on using appendices in your scholarly writing.

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