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>> MEGHAN TESTERMAN: We're going to get started. Before I get into the webinar we do have captioning available today for this presentation. In the chatterbox, you will find a link that will take you to a browser window that will have the captioning happening live, so you can see that and follow along.
I also have a copy of the handouts of the slide presentation available in the handout section of GoTo Webinar. Today we will be recording. And tomorrow we should receive an email that has a link to the recording and you can watch it again if you like the
I will go ahead and start the recording, one more thing we do have a questions box on the GoTo Webinar, if you have a question or if something goes wrong you can always send me a note that way, and I will be checking it periodically but I will probably have a look at the end of the presentation to see if there is anything you would like to talk about as a group.
Let's get into our presentation for the day.
Welcomed to today's webinar. I'm they psychology and counseling laboring for the Walden University. Today we are going to give you a complete idea of how you might go about finding tests and measures and information about it, but I'm going to do it by answering a lot of questions that we get from students about finding this information on tests and measures.
The way we will proceed today is we are going to start by talking about what are tests and measures. I will show you find tests outside the library databases. I will show you strategies for finding tests by topic and strategies for finding a specific test by name. and we will talk about additional information -- reliability and validity. And had to get that information. And how you go about using tests in your dissertation. And I will show you how to find the authors contact information, so you can reach out to them and ask for permission.
Today we are going to wrap up by talking about where you can go to get more help with your library research, be it with more questions about tests and measures or if you have more questions about library research, I'll show you some of the resources and services we have to help
Our first question is, what are tests and measures? And why does the library for to it as tests and measures, tests, measures, instruments, assessments, scales and surveys and questionnaires -- these are unique resources. During this presentation you probably will hear me talk about tests measures and instruments and I will be using that terminology pretty interchangeably. But what I mean by that is any kind of a tool of measurement that you are using for your research to do data collection -- so when I do say, tests and measures or instruments, I will be referring to all of these different varieties of tests that we find.
What is the difference between published and unpublished tests? Any time you look for a specific test or looking to find information about a test, one of the first questions you will run into is, is this just a published test or unpublished test? What kind of attested is will determine a lot about what you can find out about that test. It will determine where it is published, what kind of access you might have to it, how you might go about getting permissions, and whether you have access to the full text.
Published tests are also called commercial tests. That is because they are owned by and available commercial publisher. These are the tests that need to be purchased from the publisher before you can see the full text and before you can use it for your research study. We have two example here of really well-known published or commercial tests. The Myers-Briggs Type indicator and the Beck Depression Inventory. Even though these are popular well-known tests, they are only available through a commercial publisher. So if you want to see the full text or see what the actual questionnaires were on the Type indicator or the inventory, you would have to contact the publisher and purchase that test.
Unpublished and non-commercial tests, you do not find these through commercial publishers. Calling these tests "unpublished logo is a little bit of a misnomer, they are not published by commercial publishers, but they are typically published in research articles and in journals. So if you are looking for an unpublished, non-published test, a good way to try to find those tests is to look for the article that test was originally published in.
These tests will appear in journal articles, books, and sometimes even dissertations. Here we have two examples of unpublished or noncommercial tests. The work-family conflict scale and the motor screening assessment. If you have a copy of the slides you can click on all of these tests and you will be taken to the database where the information on these tests lives, so you can see more of what kind of information is available for a published test versus an unpublished test.
Where can tests and measures be found in the Walden Library databases? We have three different databases where you can find information specifically on tests and measures. These are databases of tests. We have the mental measurements Yearbook, health and psychosocial instruments, and we have psych tests. Those are our three big ones.
Publisher commercial tests can be found in mental measurements Yearbook or Fountain health and psychosocial instruments. The unpublished and noncommercial tests can be found in psych tests, health and psychosocial instruments -- and if you remember in the last slide, you can find these tests in the article in which the tests were published -- because of that you can also find these tests in subject specific databases such as CINAHL, ERIC or MEDLINE. If you're looking for in education assessment you might want to look in ERIC, for example.
What do you do if you hit a wall and you are not finding what you are looking for? You can find tests outside of the library databases as well -- you can simple he do a web search for the test you are looking for or you can have a look at the websites that provide unpublished, noncommercial tests. Most of them are free and available to the public. Sometimes there is a small fee to access those tests or to purchase each one of the tests.
But where you look depends on your topic and what you are looking for. But this might be a good resource for you as well.
What are some strategies for finding tests?
Well, typically, when we have students come to us and they are looking for a test, it is usually one of two scenarios. Either they are looking for a test that they can use for their dissertation. So they have a topic that they are interested in, in researching, and are trying to find an appropriate test for that topic, or they have a tests, the name of the test that may be their faculty member gave the more they read about and they are trying to find more information about the test. Trying to find the full test, the reliability and validity information, the author, contact info -- so I'll show you both of these strategies. I will show you how to find a test by topic and also how to find a test by name.
We are looking for a test by topic. One of the things I really highly recommend is having a look at the database psych info. The psych- info is our largest psychology database. And what you can do in psych- info is you can do a search for your topic, a very broad version of your topic -- and then when you get the results you can look on the left-hand column, and there will be a box that says tests and measures that will give you a list of the tests and measures that were used in those articles that showed up in your results list.
The great thing about using this method to find tests for your topic is that it is highly recommended that when you choose a test to apply to your study, the one that you choose deaf you want to choose a test that aligns with research topic but you want to get the most reliable test that you possibly can. So the more reliable tests are going to be more popular, and they are going to be used more often in the field. This is going to show us exactly which tests are the most popular and that have been used the most in the field. This will be a really great place to start your research and to see if maybe you can look up these individual tests and see if one of the might be good for your research project or
Let's go over to psych info and I will show you how to do that. Here we are in the library homepage. I'm going to go to the psychology research home. It is hereunder subject resources. You can click the select a subject drop down box and select psychology. Once we are here, we are going to see a list of psychology databases which is where we will find psych info, the database we are working on right now. But I also want to show you that we also have a box here for tests and instruments. These are our three tests and measures databases that I mentioned.
This is a combination search. So when you click here, you are going to be searching psych tests and HaPI simultaneously.
Let's pull up psych info. Let's see how we can find a good test for our topic. Let's say that we are interested in -- let's get logged in here -- let's say we are passionate about working with teenagers who have substance abuse problems. So, we are thinking, okay, maybe I want to pursue that for my dissertation topic but I need a good instrument to measure this phenomenon. What kind of tests or instruments might be available to me on this topic? Let's do a broad search paper just going to do, substance abuse. And let's say, adolescents.
I am going to on check the full text box. And I will check the pure reviewed scholarly journals list. Which is our habit. I'm going to click, search. And I am not so much interested in what is here in our results category. I am interested in the tests and measures box, which you will find over here in the left-hand column toward the bottom. Here we have tests and measures, and here is a pretty complete list of all of the different tests that have been used to measure substance abuse disorders among adolescents.
At this point, this is a very broad and somewhat vague search. So at this point, if this was a little bit too much or a little off, what you can do is start narrowing the search down by subject. So maybe we want to -- we want to limit the search down to just substance abuse disorder. Now we can have a look again at our tests and measures and see if we are to getting a little closer to what we are looking for.
Feel free to play with the search but I would recommend you keep it brought. So we are going fishing, and if we keep the topic broad we are going to cast a wider net and get more options for a test that might work for us.
Another way we can search for a test by topic is to check out health and psychosocial instruments or HaPI. It is the same kind of strategy except that instead in HaPI we're going to look just for the tests themselves. We will start with a broad keyword search. And then we will have a look at the tests available, and then I will show you how to use subject terms again to narrow the search
Let's go back over to the psychology research homepage. We will go to tests and instruments and locate HaPI. you will see it looks a lot like psych info because they are both hosted by EBSCO host.
Let's say, substance abuse. Let's start there and see what we might get. We have 3300 different instruments that are related to substance abuse. That is quite a lot. If your topic is narrower and you might have just 20, it might be a good idea to browse through all of them. But this is so broad and we have so many results and so many options, we could use our subject terms again to narrow this. Let's have a look at some options for limiting.
Here we see adolescence, we might want to do that. We might want to limit it to the US. Now we have 1200, still quite a lot of results but you can go through here and limit it down further. You can add new keywords up here that will help limit. But these are in fact the test isolated from the original article that it was in.
Now, HaPI does not have the full text of tests, but it has a lot of really great information about the tests and will tell you where that test was originally published. So you can look up this article and you should be able to locate the full text that way. It also shows you exactly what the test is supposed to be the measuring. So if you think you have a good option for test you can have a look and make sure that it aligns with your research project. We see samples of how it is used throughout the literature. Lots of great information. And it is easy in HaPI to browse for different tests that are related to a particular issue or a particular topic.
And that we have talked about two different ways of searching for a test by topic, we looked at how to find a test by topic in psych info, and in HaPI -- I'm going to show you how to find a test by name. So if you have the name of a test in mind, a great place to look would be mental measurements Yearbook -- this is where published/commercial tests will be housed. But if you are not true if it is a published or unpublished test, try it anyway and just see if anything comes back.
You can also use a fantastic combined search that I showed you on the psychology research home page to search both psych tests and health and psychosocial instruments at the same time. Let me again show you where that is. And we will do a really quick sample search. We will go back to the psychology research homepage. We will go to tests and instruments, and then down here the bottom we see the combined search for psych tests and HaPI.
Let us say we are looking for a test by name. So we have heard of a test called the work-family conflict scale. Let's see if we type this and if we get results.
Okay, so we have a couple results here. This first one looks like a really good option, let's click on that and see what information is available to us. Here, we have the work-family conflict scale. We have the authors. We have the source, which again, this is an unpublished test. So this is the article that the scale was originally published in we have exactly what the scale intends to measure, and then we have a couple population samples here.
Now, in this case, we also have reliability information. We will talk about reliability and validity in just a moment, but this is another place where we can locate that reliability or validity information. And this is actually taken from this article, the original article where the scale was published. So they have kind of gleaned that reliability information from the original article.
In this case, we also have the full text of that original article, which includes the scale. Typically, what we are looking for in a -- in the article is to go down to the methods section, the methodology section. Is going to show us information about the respondents, the procedure, the measures met exactly how it was taken. If you are looking for the full text of the questionnaire, you might want to scroll down to the appendix. That is usually where they keep those questions.
Here is the appendix. And then here are the items on the scale itself. So a lot of really great information here for your unpublished test.
I should say at this point, that they work-family conflict scale is one that is also really well-known and used quite a lot. So we do have a lot of information available for it. We have the authors, the original article it was published in, the full text, all of this great information about what measures, the different populations it has been used with and we have reliability and validity information. This is not always the case with unpublished tests.
There's nothing saying that the tests has to have this information, but sometimes if you are looking for additional information about a test, it really might be hit and miss with what you can find. Be prepared for that. Anytime you are looking for an unpublished test, be aware you might not be able to find exactly what you are looking for. Especially the reliability and validity information, that is just not always available.
With that, let's talk about how to find the full text of a test. For unpublished and non-commercial tests we are going to want to search in one of the databases again like we just did. We did the psych tests and HaPI simultaneous search. And we found the scale and then we have the full text available right here.
Sometimes it can be challenging to find the full text of an unpublished test. So you can have a look at the library databases. You can also request the original article from document delivery service, and hopefully that will have the methodology section and also the appendix where you can see the full text of this scale.
You can also contact the author, a lot of times they will have a copy and they will be probably more than happy to give you a copy of that article. You can also look in dissertations, but a word of caution -- when you look in a dissertation for a test, sometimes they are included in the appendix and you can see the full text of the test. But it is usually for lesser-known tests or tests that have been modified by the author of the dissertation, which may or may not be appropriate for you to use for your research purpose.
If you do have a lesser-known test or modified test you come across, make sure you talk to your chair or faculty about using that in your dissertation before you get too attached to it. And then I did not put it in this list, but you can also look at Google. Sometimes a lot of -- sometimes tests have their own websites, or an author will have put a test on a website and you can get information that way as well. Feel free to use Google.
When it comes to publisher commercial tests, the only place to get the full text of it is to purchase it from the publisher or to contact the publisher and go through whatever they would like you to do to get a copy of that full text. So you can find that information in mental measurements Yearbook or you might even find it on the publisher's website.
We are kind of at that point where we are looking for a test-- that we probably have a test in hand, either we have found one by looking for an apartment test by topic. Or we found one by looking for the name of a test. Now it is time that we need to get more information about the test before we can use it in our research study.
Reliability and validity information is one of the things students definitely need to be prepared to answer. When they're using it test for a research study, you will also be interested in what kind of permission you need to get to use a test, and you will also probably want to find the author, or the publishers contact information, so you can contact them to get permission to use that test in your dissertation.
Let's talk about reliability and validity. Validity is how well does that instrument measure what it is supposed to measure? Let's say the Beck Depression inventory -- how well does the Beck Depression inventory measure depression? The second item is reliability -- does the instrument measure consistently over time? If we are looking at the Beck Depression inventory, we want to know does that actually accurately measure the depression -- and does it measure depression every time it is used with different populations, with different samples --if you're measuring the same person over time, would you get consistent results. This is important information that helps us determine how good of a test it is that you found.
How do you find this information about reliability and validity? Most of the published in commercial tests that are available in mental measurements Yearbook will have some kind of reliability and validity information. The mental measurements Yearbook is not a collection of tests, it is a collection of reviews of tests. So when you look up a test such as Myers-Briggs or the Beck depression inventory in the mental measurements Yearbook, you will see reviews of those tests. In the three views, oftentimes you will find reliability and validity information.
Now, for unpublished and noncommercial tests, it can be really difficult to get reliability and validity information. Sometimes reliability is talked about in the original article where the scale was also published so you can have a look in the methodology section and see if they talked about that. You can also look and see if there are any other articles out there in the academic universe that have looked at this test and tried to determine the reliability and validity of the test. You will want to look for articles the same way you look for articles on any topic.
You can select one of the databases in the library, you can have, do a search for the scales name or instruments name. And then you can also add into the search box, reliability and validity. It gets a little complicated depending on which database you want to use. So we do have a full guide that will help you use your wording correctly.
Let me show you a couple of examples. Here we have CINHAL -- a biomedical database. We would type in the title of the test and then type in reliability and validity. So we have a couple of different ways this is done in all of the different databases. Pop by here and make sure you are doing your wording correctly and if that information is out there -- hopefully you'll be able to find it that way.
Again, reliability and validity information is not always available for unpublished or noncommercial tests.
How do we get permission to use a test in our dissertations?
Here is where we are getting into -- to the realm of the Center for research quality. The Center for research quality is a Walden department, they handle all things having to do with research. And they actually are the ones who will be making sure you have permission from the author or from the publisher to use that test.
So for published tests, you will need to contact the publisher -- contact the -- contact the publisher to purchase the test and obtain permission to use it. And then you are also going to check that you are authorized to use the test, to actually distribute and administer the test.
Some published tests can only be administered by authorized parties. So make sure that -- if the publisher has any restrictions for authorized parties, make sure you are able to administer the test before you purchase it and use it. For unpublished tests, you will need to get permission from the author from the test even if the entire article full text is available out there fairly on the web -- you still must get permission from the author to use the test.
If you need to write a letter to an author or to a publisher, you can always ask your faculty to help you or you can ask the Center for research quality, they will help you put together a good request letter for them.
What do you do if your author is deceased? Sometimes that happens. If that is the case, then you will need to get permission from the publisher of that original article. Or track down the publisher to ask them to use it.
How do you find the authors contact information?
If it is a publisher of a published test, you can find that information the mental measurements yearbook, that will be part of the record of the test. For unpublished or noncommercial tests, you can have a look in psych tests, you can try to find the author name in LinkedIn, you can Google, you can try to find the authors institution -- perhaps they work for a university and have an email. And you can also use the publisher of the article, so the journalist, you might want to contact if you cannot find the authors information for
I think I have psych info up and I can show you -- let's go into -- psych tests. And I will show you how to find the authors info this way. Let's try that same scale we were looking at before, the work-family conflict scale.
Here is our record of this scale. And then if we scroll down to the author part of the record, we actually see that psych tests has a fabulous information for these two authors. We have here the name of the author and then we have their affiliation where they are add and then we have an email address, which is fantastic.
That all the databases provide this much information but psych tests, if you can find a record and psych tests of the test a lot of times you can find at least some kind of contact information for that author.
Let's talk about where to go to get more help. I'm going to actually take you over to the library homepage and walk you through some of your options for getting help your
Let's go to the library. We do have a really detailed guide for tests and measures. It is right here under "start your research". And if we scroll down to, search by type, will see a hyperlink for tests and measures. This is a pretty good guide, talks about how to identify the tests, how to find the full texts -- a lot of things we talked about today. How to find published tests, unpublished tests -- ethical considerations which means asking for permission. How to find information on reliability and validity -- it is all here in a nice print form that has a lot of really great instructions to help you find exactly what you are looking for.
If you have some more general questions about any kind of library research you can always go to our "get help" session. We have library skills guides, tutorials, recorded webinars such as this one. We also have a quick answers box. This is our University wide FAQ. You can find answers to everything having to do with labor research and quick answers.
For example, let's say you want to verify that your article is peer-reviewed. As soon as you start to type and it will suggest some quick answers for you. And once you get to the quick answer you will see that it is really super useful, we have a little blurb explaining what you are trying to do. We also have a step-by-step guide with screenshots that will walk you through how to do that action.
We also have super short videos that will show you exactly how to do that thing that you want to do. Have a look at quick answers to see if you can get an answer from your question. You can get in touch with us, you can fill out an email form here. we have a chat. Ice pack we try to respond to all questions within 24 hours but many times it is sooner than that.
Reach out to us if you have questions. You are also welcome to make a doctoral research appointment. If you're a doctoral student, you can always come and locate your liaison librarian and then access their calendar and see what kind of availability they might have for the remainder of the month. Just select the time period for the appointment. We can do a Skype video conference, we can call you on the phone, and we can also respond via email.
So if you need to talk to a librarian about your dissertation research, select the time and say you would like an email and we will send you an email to at least get you started. Every now and then our liaison librarians are fully booked, and you will see there are no times available in this slot. If that is the case, we also have doctoral research librarians who oftentimes have availability when the liaison librarians do not have remaining ability.
I wanted to just show again the "get help" section because I want to show you our recorded session archive. We have all things related to labor research but we have a lot on specifically dissertation research such as doing your literature review, we have advanced research for psychology, for health sciences, education -- is a great archive and if you enjoy this presentation and you might get a lot out of these as well.
That is the end of my presentation for today. Want to thank you all for joining me. Let's see if we have any questions that have come in.
Great. With that, I'm going to stop the recording. I hope that you all got a lot of really great useful information out of the webinar and feel more confident about finding information about tests and measures in the future. Please reach out if you need any more help, we are here to help you, and I want to wish you all good luck with the rest of your semester. Thank you so much and goodbye.
Created June 2018 by Walden University Library