Video Link: https://youtu.be/https://youtu.be/fdk8qtN4p6Afdk8qtN4p6A
>> ANDREA LEMIEUX: Okay everyone, it is 8:30 PM, so we are going to get started. We're going to go ahead and turn our WebCams on so you can put a face with a name. So, I am Andrea Lemieux, I am the Liaison Librarian to the Schools of Psychology and Counseling and Taylor Leigh is co-presenting with me tonight and he is the Liaison Librarian to the School of Public Policy. So we are going to split up the webinar so you'll be hearing from both of us tonight.
Before we get started, just a few housekeeping items -- and you should be able to see my PowerPoint on the screen. So if someone can just type in the questions box, let us know that you can hear me loud and clear, that you can see everything, that would be great.
So if your control pod for GoToWebinar is hidden, you can click the orange arrow that will make it click out so you will be able to access that. In the Handouts section of that pod is the PowerPoint for this evening, so you can click on the download that. Just know it may go in your downloads folder on your browser, so look for it there if you don't see it elsewhere. A link to closed captioning is already put in the questions box, so if you would like to follow along with closed captioning, you're welcome to do that.
Tonight we are going to be answering webinar-related questions. So if you have a question, go ahead and type it in the questions box. If it's a question that will help all the attendees, Taylor will share it with me and we will go over that as a group. But for any other questions you might have, if it's specific for your research or another topic we are not covering tonight, once you download the PowerPoint, the Ask a Librarian link will be active and you can send us an email or chat with us, the other librarians that are on reference.
The webinar is being recorded, so you should be receiving a link to the recording within a day or so. So look for that if you want to revisit our exciting evening of Google Scholar.
So, one other thing before we get started is that Mysteries of the Library: Revealed! is a series we do every month. We spend 30 minutes on one specific library topic so you can increase your research abilities and it's always the third Monday of the month at 8:30 PM Eastern. If you would like to register for upcoming webinars, we have peer review coming up in January and Boolean operators February 18. So again, you can click on those links and register for those.
Taylor and I are going to go ahead and turn off our WebCams so we can save a little bandwidth there. So, goodbye in that sense. We are going to go ahead and get started. Taylor, if you could start the recording.
Again, my name is Andrea Lemieux and I'm co-presenting tonight with Taylor Leigh and we are covering Google Scholar as part of the Mysteries of the Library: Revealed! webinar series.
>> TAYLOR LEIGH: We are recording, so we're ready to go.
>> ANDREA LEMIEUX: Perfect. So, let's talk about an overview of what we're going to go through tonight. So we are going to first talk about some of the benefits and limitations of Google Scholar so you know when or if you should be using it. Then, we are going to talk about using Google Scholar. If you can kind of compare that with what you've been doing and if you're using the best search strategy there. Afterwards, the second half of the webinar, Taylor is going to go over citation chaining, article alerts and author profiles. So that is a little bit about what we're going to do tonight.
So let's go ahead and get started and talk about the benefits and limitations of Google Scholar. And I thought the best way to do that would be compare Google Scholar to some of the functionality that you have in library databases that you can get through the Walden Library.
Now just like anything, if you think about it, right, benefits, something that can be a benefit can also be a limitation. And that really can be said for both Google Scholar and library databases, which is why I didn't really organize the specifically benefits and limitations. So if we were to talk about the scope of Google Scholar, it's large. It's huge. It searches pretty much the entire web and across disciplines. That means it searches repositories and publishers’ websites and other places where they’re going to find citations and fulltext articles to, and other materials that they considered scholarly.
On the other hand, we have library databases. Our library databases are subject specific collections. So for instance, we'll have collections related to psychology that search primarily psychology journals or psychology videos or possibly psychology books.
So, know that when you're searching Google Scholar, you're searching a lot more than you are with library databases in that sense. And again, we're going to cover that in a little bit and I'll show you how that can be both a benefit and a limitation.
So, Google Scholar really isn't set up to handle complex searches. And our databases are much more suited to that. So what that means is we typically refer students to Google Scholar for very specific things. And a lot of that, Taylor is going to talk about in the second half of the webinar. Library databases, for instance, are able to handle a very complex research topic, which a lot of our students have, particularly our graduate students. And if you look at the next few lines, these are some of the ways that Google Scholar really is able to handle the complexity. In Google Scholar, you can't limit by material type. Again, it's going to search across citations to journals, books, any resource it considers scholarly. You can't limit to full text so there are some extra steps you have to do there. It can't limit to peer-reviewed, so again, there are extra steps. Library databases, on the other hand, you can do all those things.
Then, citation chaining is actually something we recommend students use Google Scholar for -- and Taylor will talk about that -- because that function is very limited in library databases. And search alerts you can do in both Google Scholar and library databases so they are a little bit on par there. In the author profile, Google Scholar is really great about that because authors can put in their own information and there's lots of different ways you can use that function. In library databases, again, it's kind of limited in that sense. So that's kind of a quick and dirty comparison between the two.
Over the next couple slides, I am going to go over these briefly, then I'm going to actually show you in Google Scholar what that looks like. So I know that students often will go to Google Scholar because they consider it a little easier, a little bit more streamlined than using library databases. So I thought if our students are going there, we should really cover how you can sort of search by subject or topic most effectively in Google Scholar.
So the first thing to keep in mind is just some basic search techniques. Even though Google Scholar and Google itself is meant to search natural language, so if you put a sentence in or something to that effect, it more easily searches it than a database, for instance. But still, it will search it even better if you break your topic into main ideas. In Google Scholar AND is implied, so you don't have to connect every word with the word AND. And then, using quotation marks will search for a phrase -- and I will show you how that looks at a minute and why you might want to do that. Then I'm going to point out some advanced search options.
So let's go ahead and get started, then we can start decoding the results page and see what all this looks like in action. So I am at Google Scholar. So, you should be able to see that on your end. Actually, I probably should stop here for just a minute. Is there any questions, Taylor, that would help if we address them to the whole group? Or, no questions, so far?
>> TAYLOR LEIGH: No questions so far, Andrea.
>> ANDREA LEMIEUX: Okay, great. So let's go ahead and do a search. I am particularly interested in how undergraduates use library services. So if I am going to search the topic, I am going to break it out into some main ideas. So undergraduates, of course, that is quite what I wanted to do, so let's say … it's probably going to type it every time I’ll just type it out ….
Okay, let's look up here at the top, then. I'm interested in undergraduates, so that's a main idea. And then, library use, and how they use libraries of the main idea. So when I put “library use" in quotation marks, that is going to make sure it searches resources that have "library use" stuck together as a phrase, so one word after the other, instead of the word "library" in one section of the article and the word "use" in another section of the article.
With that being said, as I search, all of these articles should have something to do with undergraduates and libraries. So if you look, the first thing you're going to see the title of the article. You can decode a little bit about where this is coming from in this second line. So this looks like a journal article, it has a little bit of information, it looks like, from the abstract. Then there are some other links here you can explore. You can do so limiting on the side by date. You can sort by date or relevance in here in a little bit, Taylor is going to talk about creating alerts.
There are some advanced search options that I want to point out that you can experiment with later. The left, the top left three bars is the menu option for Google Scholar. If you click on advanced search, it's going to show you it broke down my search that I put in there. It's going to search all the words undergraduates and with this exact phrase. So you can also search with the word OR, without words, and then by author and a few other options here. But if you've used our library databases, you will see that there's a lot less options to structure your search here.
So now that we know a little bit about what's going on here on our results page -- oh, and one other thing I should probably point out, when I talked about the scope, you can see up here that there are 13,900 results. If we were to search this same search in the library education database, we're likely to get a couple hundred which is a little bit more, sort of, a doable situation for a lot of students and less overwhelming. So just know that that's really what I mean by a “scope," is what it’s actually searching.
Now, let's talk a little bit about full text. Remember we said at the beginning that--
>> TAYLOR LEIGH: Andrea, I’m sorry to interrupt, but we have a couple of comments that the font is really small, I don't know if you can enlarge, at all?
>> ANDREA LEMIEUX: Sure. That actually should do it. So if you're still having some issues with reading the font, go ahead and let Taylor know. I magnified here a little bit.
>> TAYLOR LEIGH: It looks a lot better. Yeah.
>> ANDREA LEMIEUX: Perfect. On the left side, you will see some links here. This means that you can access the full text for free online through these links. Now, sometimes you can, sometimes you can't. Sometimes it looks like the full text and you click on it and it is maybe just a PDF of the abstract or something like that. So you can play around little bit with this. Sometimes it does bring you to the full text, sometimes it doesn't.
But, Google Scholar does have another neat feature where it can link to the Walden Library. And when you search in Google Scholar, it will tell you if you can get the full text in Walden Library, as well. So there is a link in the PowerPoint that will guide you through this, but I'm going to show you really quickly what this looks like.
So again, if you go over to the top left in the menu and you click on that, it will bring you up lots of options. And if you go down to the bottom and settings, then you're going to land on this landing page here. On the left-hand side, it will say Library links. If you click that, you can type in Walden and it should bring up Walden University, which is an option right here on this second line. All you need to do is click that box and then click save. Now you should see that a lot of these also have the Find @ Walden link. What's great about this is you will see, the fourth one down, looks like it's only available in Walden and it's not available online for free.
Now, there's more information again in the PowerPoint about what the Find @ Walden link does. It would bring you to a database with list of databases that you need to select to then get the full text. So just know there's a few more steps after that.
So any questions about finding the full text of an article and how that works in Google Scholar? Okay. So I think we're good on the question. So let's move on to the last thing, we kind of know about this results page is that none of the results are telling us whether or not these articles or sources are coming from peer-reviewed journals. Often with assignments and discussions, you will need to use scholarly, academic research articles. So that typically means peer review, which is a type of research article. We’re not going to go into peer-reviewed tonight, but again, there's a link in the PowerPoint to that. But we can't limit to peer-reviewed. So there's another step that we need to do when using Google Scholar and searching by subject.
So if I'm interested in this first result, I can tell, it looks like it's coming from this journal underneath. If I click on the title, is going to actually bring me, most of the time, to the publisher's webpage. And I'm not going to be able to get the information, get the full text here. But I can get the title of the article, I'm sorry, the title of the journal. Let's see if it will let me copy that.
So the next thing that we need to do is verify if this journal is peer-reviewed. So to do that, we have to go through a few more steps that we wouldn't have to do if we were using a library database. So on the library homepage, if you go up to Start Your Research, you can click on Ulrich's Verify Peer Review. And what that is is, that's a special database that tells you if a journal is peer-reviewed. So if I scroll down, I will see a link to Ulrich’s. And all I need to do is type in the journal title. Not the article title, the journal title. I’m going to delete that. So the journal is Library and Information Science Research. It’s going to give me a list of articles. And the ones that, on the left-hand side have this little referee jersey means that this journal is peer-reviewed. So if we were to find a research article in it, we would know that research article is peer-reviewed.
So let me go back to our PowerPoint really quick. So we talked about basic search techniques using quotation marks, breaking research into main ideas, decoding the results page, so taking a look at it and understanding what it is that Google is showing you there on the results page. We talked about getting the full text, so linking Walden Library to Google Scholar and some of the full text options such as Find @ Walden, you can get it for free.
We also have Document Delivery Service, so if you can't get the article either in the library or Google Scholar, that's another service we provide students. And there's a link in the PowerPoint for that, as well.
And then of course the last step is to verify peer review using Ulrich’s database. So if you are going to search by subject, there's a few extra steps and a lot more weighing the results that you have to do compared to library databases. So keep this in mind if you choose to use Google Scholar in this sense.
So I am going to pass this over to Taylor so he can talk about citation chaining, alerts and author profiles.
>> TAYLOR LEIGH: Okay, thanks Andrea. I'm going to go ahead and show my screen here.
So, yes, let's talk about what Google Scholar is recommended for. A few of these things include citation chaining, search alerts and author profiles.
So what do we mean by citation chaining? Citation chaining means searching backwards and forwards in time for materials that are cited by and also that cite an article or resource that you already have. So, it’s using the existing literature that you've already found to find more, similar literature.
One resource will link you to another which leads you to another and so on and so forth, that's why it's called citation chaining. This can be especially helpful if there is not too much scholarly literature out there on your topic. Or, if most of the literature you are finding is from outside that five-year window that faculty want your peer-reviewed literature to come from.
So, sometimes if, depending on your topic, it might help to broaden your date range a bit when you're searching within our databases. So, I don't know a lot of times, it's easiest to just limit to the past five years. But if you backup just a little more to, say, 2010, you will likely get more results and that might be beneficial, depending on your topic. You can use some of those older results that you do find by doing that to do citation chaining.
So, the old-school method of citation chaining was essentially finding articles or books on your topic, scrolling to the end of the article or to the end of the book, looking at their list of references, marking the ones that seem interesting or promising for your topic, and then going and tracking those down. That's still a useful way to do citation chaining. So I definitely recommend doing that if you have any articles on hand. But now, with technology being as prevalent as it is, there are much more convenient ways to do that.
So, you can do citation chaining to a limited extent in our databases. And that's what I was looking at right before we switched here. I did a very basic search in Political Science Complete, which is an EBSCO database. And you might see things like this -- I don't know if this might appear small -- but there's this small link under an article that says Cited References: 35. There's another one that says Times Cited in this Database: 4. So, you can do citation chaining to a limited extent by clicking on those links and it's going to show you the other articles in that particular database that have been cited by the article in question or that have cited the article in question. So, one takes you backwards, one takes you forwards.
However, Google Scholar is really good for this and the primary advantage here is the scope of its indexing -- which Andrea touched on before. It has a record for just about everything out there. But, as Andrea also mentioned, it does not provide fulltext access to anything. Google Scholar does not, it just provides links to other organizations back to.
So let's see an example of citation chaining. Going to go to the library's homepage here, I'm going to do a search in Thoreau. You can search Thoreau by just typing anything into this main search bar. But I always recommend, especially for advanced level work, clicking on this Advanced Search link right below that main search box. This will just bring you to and EBSCO style advanced search page and it gives you a lot more functionality.
So I'm going to do a very basic search for the word "policy." I am going to scroll down, going to check the peer-reviewed, the fulltext box is checked, then I'm going to enter a date range, as well. For the purposes of this exercise, I’m going to enter 2010 to 2013. You probably wouldn't want to do that, generally speaking. But I wanted some older articles.
You can see we're getting close to a million results for this search. I'm going to just grab an article. Let's say you did this search and you are looking through your results and you said result Number 2 Homelessness Research, this article seems really great. You look at the subject terms, you read the abstract, and you want to see other literature related to this article, because it is from 2013 -- again, outside of that five-year window.
What you can simply do is copy the article title and then, we come over to Google Scholar. And actually, let me back up, I had a question in the questions pane about where to access Google Scholar. You can type into your web browser scholar.google.com. That's one way. You can also go on the library's website, come up here to the Start Your Research link, and you have access to Google Scholar here, as well. So I just wanted to mention that.
Okay, back to Google Scholar. I'm going to paste in the name of the article we’ve got and search. And that's going to bring back a result. Usually it’s only one result, the exact article that you have found previously. When we do this, we have this link down here, "cited by," it says “Cited by 12,”nd it's hyperlinked. If we click this, it's going to show you all the other articles indexed by Google Scholar, so all of the other articles Google Scholar has some record for that have cited the article that we search for. So it's a great way to find more recent literature using an older article.
Let's back up, there is also a related articles link. This is not technically citation chaining, because the articles you see when you click here will not have cited the article that we search for. But this is Google Scholar's algorithm saying okay, if you're interested in this topic of this article, you will likely be interested in these articles, as well. So that's something to know about. Andrea touched on the validity and the reliability of the links that you see over here. Once you go through the process of linking Google Scholar and your web browser to Walden Library, you will see these Find @ Walden links. Those serve as bridges, and they will take you to the databases in our collection where we have access to the fulltext of the article.
You might also see other options. This particular one I liked because this is coming from the NIH, the National Institute on Health, and it's a .gov URL. This is important because we get information from .govs, we know we can trust that information because it's coming from a reliable source. We start seeing links over here from .orgs or .coms or .nets, things like that, you need to start doing a bit more research into where, the organization that's providing access to this article -- who they are, if they have an agenda, so on and so forth. So the rule of thumb is .govs are thumbs up and .edus are usually good to go, as well.
Okay. So let's go back here. Here we are. Another thing you can do is find information about the author of a particular article. So sometimes you might read that article and want to see other work by that same author. It in these cases, you can use Google Scholar to find author profile. So you can see, right under this article title, we have the list of authors of this particular article. Of the three listed here, only one is underlined and only one is hyperlinked. And that might be something that you encounter. Not every author will necessarily have their own author profile page in Google Scholar. But for those who are hyperlinked, you can click on them and it will take you to their author profile page. Here you can learn more about that author and see their other publications by scrolling down.
And, you also get cited by numbers for each of those other publications and they will be hyperlinked so you can click on them to view their record, as well. So just a note on cited by numbers, they can be indicative of an article's overall importance in their particular field or on that particular topic. Articles with high cited by numbers have been cited frequently by other scholars and are, thus, important to the scholarly conversation around that given topic.
Cited by numbers can be misleading, though. For example, materials will not have as high a number, but that does not mean that they are not important articles in their own right. So that's just a little side note about cited by numbers.
Author profiles will generally list the author’s institutions. So up here, we can see this author is at the University of Pennsylvania. And, they often include a link to their homepage if they have one, their contact information -- which can be great if you need to contact an author if you have questions. And you can also follow, you see on here, this Following link, you can follow authors to be notified when new content of that author is added to Google Scholar's indexing.
So that brings us to search alerts. So I'm going to go back to Google Scholar homepage here, and I'm going to do a search for "social welfare policy." And, this is what we're seeing in our list of results. So I think okay, these results look pretty good. And I scrolled through and see what I need or what I can use and or what I don't need. And I think, I want to be alerted when new articles on social welfare policy are added to Google Scholar. The way you do that is to simply come over here to the left and click on Create Alert. You can type your email into the email box. You can indicate how many number of results you want to be sent and save to easily create the alert. Verify that you are not a robot and you should be good to go. Okay, I'm not going to go through that, but you get the idea.
So, that covers everything that I wanted to talk about. And here at the end here, we have a collection of links that could be helpful to you if you're interested in Google Scholar -- how to use it, best practices with Google Scholar, how to verify peer review, what that Find @ Walden link means, etc., etc.
So generally speaking, I would try to locate your literature in the databases that we subscribe to. If you find an article that we don't have full text to, I would go to Google Scholar, see if you can locate a free version there. And if you don't, that's when you can utilize this Document Delivery Service that I have listed here at the bottom. And you can access that on the library's homepage up here, this banner that you see whenever you're on a library site. Services, Document Delivery Service, and then, you can read about it and submit a request. This is when you request an article or a book chapter that we don't have and we email it to you in 7 to 10 days.
So that covers what I wanted to discuss, and I will hand it back to Andrea.
>> ANDREA LEMIEUX: Okay. I don't think we have any other questions. If anybody wants to send those in, I'm going to go ahead and stop the recording, and we will stay around for just a few more minutes to see if we get any other questions.
>> TAYLOR LEIGH: So, I am seeing one, Andrea, on how to connect Google Scholar. I think I still have control of the screen here. Let me just show you how you can link Google Scholar to Walden Library. This is a great opportunity to show you how to use our library skills and Quick Answers. If you are on the library homepage, toggle to the Search Everything option above the search bar. And this is where you can find lots of guides, lots of instructional content we have on all different kinds of commonly asked questions and issues.
So, we type in Google Scholar, one of the first Quick Answers is, "Is there a way to automatically link Walden Library to Google Scholar?" "How do I link Walden Library to Google Scholar?" Either of these will suffice. Essentially, you go to Google Scholar, and I will do this. Here we are in Google Scholar. You click on these three lines in the top left, and then ... oh goodness ... sorry. Then you will see this menu will pop out from the side. I think it displays somewhat differently, I've heard, from some people, that it doesn't look exactly like this for them. But you will see this cog. You can click on that. Then, over here on the left, you will see a Library Links option. Click on that, you'll start by entering in the name of your university. So I will type in Walden, tell it to search. I’m already linked, so I don't know what it’s going to do here. If you were not already linked, it would then show up and you would check the box next to it and Save. And that will enable you to search in Google Scholar and see whatever you find, if, indeed, we have that in our collections or not.
>> ANDREA LEMIEUX: Okay, I don't think we have any other questions. If you have one last-minute question, if you just want to send that in, otherwise, thank you all for coming. Remember, the next two months, the third Monday we will have the other Mysteries of the Library: Revealed! webinars. Register even if you're not sure you can make it, because you will get a recording of the video even if you don't attend.
So it doesn't look like we have any more questions coming in, so thanks everyone, and we will see you the next time around. Thank you so much.
>> TAYLOR LEIGH: Thanks everyone, have a good night.
Created June 2018 by Walden University Library