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Transcript - Introduction to Psychology Library Research - Dec 11 2018

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>> ANDREA LEMIEUX:  Hi everyone, welcome to the webinar this evening. We are going to start here in just a minute or two. You should all be able to see my PowerPoint that says "Welcome!" on it. So if you're having problems with it, go ahead and type in the questions box. And if someone can also type in the question box and let me know that you're hearing my audio clearly before we begin, that would be great. 


We're going to started right on the hour, so we have about a minute, and we will get started.


Okay, so it's 8:00. Kim and I are going to go ahead and turn on our WebCams so we can say hello to you all. So, I wanted to introduce myself. My name is Andrea Lemieux, I in the Liaison Librarian the psychology and counseling departments. Tonight with me is Kim Burton, she is the Liaison Librarian to the Education department. And we are going to cover a few housekeeping things before we officially get started with the webinar.


As you can see on the PowerPoint slide, if your control pod that you see on the right-hand side is missing, go ahead and look for an orange arrow so you can pop back out and see the different options there. The PowerPoint is available in the handouts section, so just know when you click on it, it might go to your downloads folder in your browser, so look for it there. And a link to closed captioning is also available in the questions box if you would like to use closed captioning. And Kim will be putting that in there.


And also, we will be answering webinar-related questions this evening, but you may think of some other questions specifically related to your research or maybe an unrelated library topic, go ahead and, once you download the PowerPoint, you can use that Ask a Librarian link to email or chat with librarians.


And one last thing, the webinar is going to be recorded and a link to the webinar  is going to be emailed to you within the next day. So look for that. So, welcome, Kim and I are going to say goodbye, as far as our web cameras go, and save some bandwidth.


>> KIM BURTON:  Bye Bye.


>> ANDREA LEMIEUX:  And we are going to go ahead and start the recording.


So welcome to Introduction to Psychology Library Research. As I said, my name is Andrea Lemieux, and I am the Liaison Librarian to the School of Psychology and Counseling. I want to get started first with an overview of what we are going to cover tonight. So the webinar is going to be split into two different sections. First is going to be navigating the library. So we're going to go into the library and see what's going on there, and to point out a few things you're going to be going to the library primarily for, that's research guide and assignment help for library related assignments. And we are also going to cover the psychology research homepage.


The second half of the webinar, we're going to go ahead and look at how to find articles for discussions and assignments. And as part of that, we're going to discuss a little bit about what scholarly information is and peer review, and what actually library database is. Because we use that term a lot, but I think we all have a slightly different understanding of what that is. So tonight's the night for us to get on the same page, so we all know what library databases are.


So let's go ahead and get started. You should see on the PowerPoint a screenshot of the library homepage. So the first thing is you kind of need to know where to go to find the library. I think the easiest way to do that is to simply type in the URL that goes directly to our library. So that's If you type that into your browser, you bookmark it, excuse me, you don't have to go into Blackboard, you don't have to go into your student portal. You can work on your assignment in the evening or in the morning and you can go right into the library and find the support you need for those discussions and assignments.


On the left-hand side you'll see an arrow that's pointing to subject resources. I like to tell students, they could we go into a physical library and you go into a certain section of the library and it's all about one topic. So think of subject resources as that, that's a way to navigate in the library and where all the psychology related information is. And on the right-hand side are Course Guides. That is a link to all of your required readings that you can find in the library.


So that's kind of a little bit of oriented us to the library. So let's jump into the library and start poking around and see what we have going on here. Now you should be seeing the library homepage. And as I said, we're going to actually start with Course Guides here on the right-hand side.


If you click on Course Guides, it's going to give you a menu on the left-hand side where you can navigate to your courses. But they have to be found by the course code which is a four letter, four digit number and you can find it in your Blackboard classroom.


Now, you're probably wondering what kind of readings are you going to find in there? Well, for you to know what we have in there, let's jump over to Blackboard and look at a course and what kind of readings might find in there. So right now I'm in Psychology 8116, so that's the course code right there on the left-hand side. Four letters and four numbers.


Now, if we were to look in Week 5 and go to the resources section, which has readings in it -- and just know that all of our courses are set up slightly different, but generally, this is how you're going to navigate there. You are going to see listed here three different types of articles. So the first one you can see is the course text, so that's the textbook you have to purchase for the classroom either through the bookstore or another vendor that you use like Amazon or some other website like that.


The article at the bottom has the whole citation here, but then it also has a direct link to the article. So a lot of times in our courses, we will link to government websites, articles that are freely available online maybe like news reports or popular magazine article. Then you will see there's an article listed here. It has the entire citation but there is no link after it. But it does have underneath it a phrase that says Retrieved from the Walden Library. That’s your indication that you need to go to your Course Guides and look at the reading in the Course Guide.


So again, we need the four letter, four number course code, we are going to go back to the Course Guide we are going to navigate to P for psychology. We are going to look in the middle here for the psychology tab. And these are all the psychology courses. So we're going to scroll all the way down to 8116 -- and I'm going to go a little bit faster here, don't want to give anyone seasickness, though -- and we will see anyone 8116 here, Understanding Forensic Psychology Research. If we click on, you are going to see all the articles listed alphabetically  by author's last name. And you can see here that there is the article for the reading that we just saw in Blackboard. If you click on it, should bring you right to the full text.


You are likely going to have to sign in if you bookmarked the library webpage and you're not going to the portal or Blackboard classroom.


Now, let's decode what we're looking at. You're looking at an article about the article title [ph]. A lot of times you are going to clearly see a link over here on the left or somewhere else on the page that links to the PDF or HTML, that's where you're going to get the full text. So just know that the first thing you should be doing in your courses is making sure that you know where you can find all your course readings.


So before we move on to assignment help, does anybody have any questions about finding required course readings that are available in the library?


>> KIM BURTON:  No, there was no actual questions. Somebody comments that they have success with putting title of article in the search bar for the library, and that seems quicker. Are there any drawbacks for doing this?


>> ANDREA LEMIEUX:  You can search, likely what the student is talking about, you can search for full text here up at the top of the homepage, and that's one way to look for a full text article. I feel like the Course Guides are just quicker, simply because if you bookmark that, you're going to have it available for your whole course. Every once in a while when you use this top search box, you're going to come across some different ways of accessing the article that you might not be used to, and you might have to do a few extra steps. So if that works for you, that's just more practice for finding fulltext articles where you have the citation. But again, the Course Guide is another way to access things right away and it actually saves a lot of time and energy because we actively maintain those lists.


One other thing to mention about Course Guides is this venue over here on the left-hand side. You can see it says Week One Application and they are all applications until you get to the bottom which is the final project. All these are is assignment help for any assignments that require library research. So if I'm to click on Week 5 Application you will see that there are step-by-step instructions for the assignment and it says at the top of the assignment is to find at least two research articles about forensic psychology with the effect size was reported.


So, we made it where you have an idea of how to find that. Well, assignment guide will walk you step-by-step,  choosing a library database, choosing keyword terms and pulling out the full text results. We also have other information about what a research article is and, just depending on the assignment guide, there might be different information.


So just know that if you have an assignment that says "retrieve something from the library," "go to the library to do this," you always want to check your Course Guide to see if there is step-by-step help and some other instruction on how to complete the assignment.


So, these two things are the first things that are going to help you with navigating the library. Are there any questions now about either Course Guides or navigating assignment help?


>> KIM BURTON:  No, there's no more questions.


>> ANDREA LEMIEUX:  Great. Let's move on over back to the PowerPoint. We're going to scroll through a few of these slides and little information about Course Guides and assignment help. The next thing for us to look at is the psychology research homepage. So as I said before, I am now going into the library. You go into a physical library and in the back, left corner, there is all kinds of information on psychology. There's journals, videos, books, and it's all in one section. That is what the psychology research homepage is. So let's jump back over to the library and we'll take a quick peek over there before we talk about what you're actually going to find there.


So, how to navigate to the research homepage is over here on the left, subject resources. And it's going to be in this drop-down menu. You're going to click on Psychology and then you're going to find all kinds of information. There's going to be all of these drop-down boxes. And they're pretty clearly labeled about what you're going to find there. This is where you're going to find all the different materials you need at the top, and at the bottom, you're going to find all kinds of research help, more "How do you do this?" -- how do you do basic research, how do you do a literature review. The place that you really want to be aware of is the Psychology Databases drop-down menu. This is where you're going to find the databases that you are going to use primarily. And the one that is probably going to be the most helpful to you is the PsycINFO database.


We’re kind of throwing out a few different terms, right? We're talking about research articles, scholarly information, journals, databases. So before we actually go into a database and do some searching, let's just look at little bit closely at some of those terms and what they actually mean.


Now that you're a student at a university, whether you're undergraduate or graduate, you're going to be using different types of information than you might be used to. And we just generally call that scholarly information or scholarly articles. So, those types of articles are published in what will be called journals. So we don't call them magazines, we don't call them newspapers. We call them journals. And they're really pretty dense reading, so just know it's going to take you a little bit of time to get to this information. It's reporting on data, so original research that an author may have done, or it’s an author that is looking at other people's research and reviewing it and telling you if it's good data, or if this is relevant in really analyzing other people's data.


So with that being said, just know that when you come across these, they're just going to look a little bit different. And one type of scholarly article, if you look at this second arrow, is peer-reviewed.


So, peer review is a type of scholarly article. Journals, we consider journals to be peer-reviewed. That means that any article that is submitted to the journal is reviewed by experts who evaluate the article extensively. So they're not just checking the article for grammar and punctuation like a regular editor does. They're actually looking at the data, they're probably crunching some numbers, themselves, making sure that everything that's in there was collected accurately, is being reported accurately, and that that material is appropriate for that journal. So it's a pretty extensive process.


With scholarly articles and with peer-reviewed articles, you are typically only going to find those in library databases. You're not going to walk into your doctor's office and pick up a magazine and start reading a scholarly article in there. Because really these articles are written by researchers for other researchers. You're going to find them in library databases which is simply an electronic, searchable collection. Some of our databases have journals. Some of our databases have videos. Some of our databases have books. Some of our databases have all of that.


Along with that being able to search them, you can control your search pretty significantly, so you can limit to just full text, just peer review, you can limit by date. So you can tell the database, I only want information in the last five years. And there's lots of other criteria, you can limit by language, by age, that kind of thing.


So those are some terms if you're not familiar with, that you should be aware of, because we will use this when you ask us questions with Ask a Librarian. You are going to see them in your assignments. So, refer back to the PowerPoint if you're thinking to yourself okay, I know they mentioned something about peer review, you can refer back to the PowerPoint and kind of brush up on that.


So, any questions about what scholarly information is and how that works in conjunction with peer review and library databases?


>> KIM BURTON:  No, there is not right now.


>> ANDREA LEMIEUX:  Great. We are going to move on to the fun stuff, at least fun for Kim and I, because we are librarians and we really like this kind of stuff. [LAUGHS] We are going to delve into actually searching a library database. So what I have on the second half of the PowerPoint is step-by-step instructions that you can replicate for any search you have for a discussion or assignment.


You're going to have other types of assignments, like more in-depth projects, literature reviews, and those kinds of things. But these steps, for the most part, are going to get you started with just about any assignment that you need. So the first thing we are going to do is go back to the psychology research homepage and we're going to select a psychology database. PsycINFO, as I said, is the best place to start, because it has one of the largest collections of psychology journals in full text.


So, let's turn back to the library. And I am on the research homepage, still.  And we're going to select PsycINFO, which is the second database down. Now, and modify databases, if you look over here on the left are EBSCO databases. But we are actually in a database called PsycINFO. It's good, especially for our graduate students, to know the difference between what a database name is, which is PsycINFO, and the vendor. So, EBSCO, ProQuest, Sage, those are all companies that sell us specific databases. So, PsycINFO is one of the databases that they sell us. It's good to be aware of that because at some point, you may, for an assignment, have to say which database you have searched.


So let's assume that you have an assignment that tells you that you need to find a recent scholarly article on drug abuse in schools. You can pick whatever topic you want to write about. It just has to be a recent article, a recent research article, it has to be about drug abuse in schools.


So I'm going to go ahead and take those main terms and I'm going to use the first one, drug abuse, put that in the first box. I'm actually interested in high school students, so I'm going to enter that in the second box. And I'm also interested about prevention. So, how, are there prevention programs, or what prevention measures are there that deal with high school students and drug use?


So the first thing to know about searching in a library database is that each idea or concept has to go in its own search box. So unlike Google, which uses natural language searching, and you can typically type in a sentence, even a question, and get pretty relevant results, databases search significantly different. So if I was to put this all in one search box, it's likely that I'm going to get zero results. So, note that you're going to put one idea and concept per search box.


Now, we're going to go down the page here to the middle, left and we agreed to make sure that full text is selected, which it is. So that means all of our results are going to be in full text. That over here on the right side we are going to click peer review. Now let's click Search and let's see what happens.


Okay, so we have 253 results.  So that's not bad. If you get about 100 results or so, that's probably a good place to get your results down to. Anything more than that is a little bit unwieldy to deal with. So, let's decode before we do anything else to our search, let's talk about, what are we actually looking at this page?


So you can see, all the results are numbered, and let's look at what these results actually are. So this first one, you can see very first thing is the title of the article. The second line is information about the article. So you can see right here that this article comes from a journal called International Perspectives in Psychology. Then, the second line here which those Subjects is a way for the database to tell you what the article is primarily about. So, what the focus of the article is about. So, the focus of this article is about alcohol abuse, drug abuse, high school students, etc. So they're not just mentioning drug abuse or high school students, it’s primarily about that. You can get the full text here underneath with one of these links.


Let's look really quick, if we click on the article, what we are actually looking at. If you click on the article, we are going to get even more detailed information about the article itself and we're also going to get the abstract -- that's just a synopsis of what the article is about.  And before you actually start reading the PDF and the entire article, it's great to read the abstract general what it is that the article is about before you even decide if it's relevant.


Now if you look at the left-hand side, there's more ways that you can limit your search. So if we scroll down, we can see that there's more subjects that they're recommending. We can limit by language, so if we, for some reason, got a lot of Spanish articles, we can limit just to English or vice versa. We can limit the articles by age, population and some of the categories.


If you noticed, remember our assignment said that we need to find something that's recent? Well, when I first entered my search terms, I didn't put a limiter in. Since I forgot to do that, I have another opportunity to do it right over here on the left side. So I'm going to go ahead and click on the search first box and put in 2014 to get about the last five years of articles. And as soon as I click away from it, it's going to update my results. So it's narrowed them down to 56 results. So this list right here, we are, if I'm to read these boxes of here, I am looking at articles that mention drug abuse and -- so it's connecting it with this next term -- and they talk about high school students, and, the talk about prevention. And there's only articles that are available in full text, they are from peer-reviewed journals from 2014 to current. So this is a result list, so 56 articles is pretty good, we're in a pretty good spot.


Now let's say we are looking for these articles and they are not really addressing what we need or we need a couple additional articles to support our discussion. So another strategy is, don't be afraid to experiment. You cannot mess anything up. You can always go back to your original search. So just do know that if you are finding what you're looking for, play around with your search terms and look at what else you can modify with your search.


So, if an article talks about drug abuse, like for instance, this first article actually talks about alcohol abuse.  But some researchers might be talking about addiction or they might be talking about substance abuse. Another way to broaden your search to add in synonyms to your search terms. So in this first search box, I am going to add in substance abuse OR addiction to tell the database to return any results that have these search terms.  Just in case an author is talking about addiction versus drug abuse.


Now, when I click Search, think to yourself, now that I broadened my search and added in more search terms, am I going to get more or less results? So I go ahead and click search and look, it tripled my search results. Now I'm back up to 148 results. That means that there's other articles, again, if we look at the first one that's talking a little bit more about addiction versus drug abuse. So this is, the first example is actually a great demonstration of why that would work in a search.


Synonyms for high school students, I can't really think of any of the top of my head, or prevention, but as I search, I might look at my results were at more terms make a note of them.


Another way that we can search just by a phrase search. So right now with high school students, it might be searching for students in one part of the article and high school in another. Another thing that I noticed in the subject line is that they are assigning articles term "high school students." So I want to make sure it's bringing up articles that are primarily about high school students.  So I'm going to put this in quotations and it’s going to search this as a phrase, all the articles that mention high school students in that exact order.


But again, I noticed it was used in the subject line, there was this drop-down menu over to the right side. This is another way to limit results. You can search for high school students in the title of the article. You can search for it in the abstract of the article. And you can also search it for that subject line. So I'm going to click Subjects. And again, think to yourself, is this going to increase my results or is this going to decrease my results? So I'm going to go ahead and click Search. It has actually decreased my results. Because not only breaking up articles that are specifically about high school students, and not other age grades in school.


Now one other thing to show you is, if we look at this first result, see how it's using the word "preventative?" But I'm searching for prevention. So, to make sure I'm not missing any other articles that talk about preventing or preventative measures, I am going to use an asterisk to search for all forms of this word, so that means of going to take off any form of the word at the end that would be different so I'm going to put in an asterisk, which is by holding down shift on your keyboard and number 8. So that is going to search for all forms of this word.  If I click search, I am down to about 100 results, which is a good number to sort through, look for the titles and look at the abstracts.


Before we move on and look at these steps, let's just go over one time what these search results are. These are all connected by connectors with AND. So the article has to mention drug abuse OR substance abuse OR addiction. So we are going to use the OR within the search box to separate synonyms. We are going to leave these primarily on the side to AND. The article also has to have the phrase "high school students," and has to be found in this subject line, which is down here. And, it has to have something to do about prevention, preventative measures or preventing. And so, that's what our search results are showing, along with full text, peer-reviewed and anything from 2014 forward.


So, that is a lot of search tips and search strategies in just one search. So what questions, are there any questions, Kim, anyone has about using different ways of searching to narrow broad results?


>> KIM BURTON:  Yeah, actually someone had asked, “How are open access articles different?”


>> ANDREA LEMIEUX:  That's a great question. So there is a trend in scholarly publishing to make research more available to the masses. Right now, you can only get articles through a library subscription, which we pay a lot for, which is only available to students. However, some of articles are open access, which means that researchers publish them, they allow them to be published online for free without, sort of, the barrier of having to go through a library to use them or a database, or a publisher, for that matter. So they want the public to have access to them. So, open access articles can also be scholarly and peer-reviewed. There is a way you will need to go and verify them, their peer-reviewed status, if you find them on the web. But we also link to them in our databases, as well. So I don't think we'll have an example…actually, if I look right here, number 4 is, this little symbol here, open access, this means is coming from a journal that is an open access journal. But we also, you can also search them in our databases, as well. Hopefully that answers your question. I am going to go back to our PowerPoint really quickly, because we are sort of at time, but I want to cover just a few more things.


So we talked about navigating to the psychology research page, breaking your topic into keywords, limiting research, reviewing the results and then, experiment with your results. So the last thing that I want to talk about is, how do we actually get the full text? Now we briefly talked about this, but there's one other thing we didn't talk about and that's the Find @ Walden link.


So let's go back to our results list, and you'll see here full text, this one at the top has HTML. HTML and PDF full text. But then this one right here has a Find @ Walden. If we scroll down, there is another Find @ Walden. If you see that, that simply means that the article lives in another database, the full text. So all we can get in this database is the article title and abstract and article information.


If we click on Find @ Walden, it might do a few things.  It might bring you directly to the article, which is great. You clicked and were brought right there. Often what's going to happen is, it's going to have a list of other databases. So, these are other databases that you can search, but that's where the full text of this article lives.


So I didn't see the article date, but you just want to double check that the coverage is for the date that your article was published. So if I click on one of these -- either one should work -- it then brings me to a database called ScienceDirect. And I can access the full text here. So this looks significantly different from EBSCO, and that's because this database is not an EBSCO database. It's another database that has a slightly different display. So that is one of the things to keep in mind on your result list on how to get full text.


And if there are no other questions, we're at time, so I'm just going to cover a few things to get help. So we can move on. Kim, we're good to go?


>> KIM BURTON:  Yeah, we're good to go. Thank you.


>> ANDREA LEMIEUX:  Super quiet. Everybody's super quiet. So I'm assuming that it's clear.  And once you start poking around in the databases, this is the slide that you will need to ask us questions on any issues you run into. The first is Quick Answers, Ask a Librarian, doctoral research appointments, then, webinar archive. These are all direct links, but let's go back to the library homepage and show you where all of these things can be found.


I think the quickest way to get to Quick Answers is the Get Help up here. If everything else is labeled kind of funny, you can't really remember way to go, you can get to a lot of those links there simply through Get Help tab up here. The thing that you will see hopefully stand out in the bottom left is Quick Answers. So, if you type in peer-reviewed … except I had an extra letter on there ... it is going to give you a list of what we call Quick Answers, and it's simply a database of frequently asked questions. But what's great about it is, it's going to give you step-by-step instructions on how to find what it is you're looking for or give you some information to help you find it. So here you can see, “How do I find peer-reviewed scholarly journals?” And it's going to talk about what we talked about tonight, checking the peer-reviewed literature and limiting results.


Another thing you can find on the Get Help page is our recorded webinars. You can see our upcoming webinars but you can also see our recorded webinars. And if you click on Psychology, you will see that we have some other recorded ones, more advanced webinars and specific ones to classes there.


Also, up in the right is our Ask a Librarian link, so you can go there and you can send us an email filling out this form. You can chat with us. So if you are on Eastern time, you will note that we have chat right now, so you could chat live with one of our librarians. And you can also call us, but just be aware if you do call that we return phone messages through email. So we don't call you back. You will get an email either through your Walden email or the email that you provided us with.


Lastly, we have our doctoral research appointments. And those are for our graduate students who are doing more in-depth research. So, you can go ahead and select your college and you can select your school, and then you can go ahead and schedule an appointment with me, if you can see some available times throughout the month. So now that that's available to graduate students, as well.


So, last but not least, we do have a Twitter feed, and I worked really hard on this Twitter feed, as Kim knows, we talk about this a lot. I have a lot of tips and tricks, updates about webinars, updates about new research materials that are great for students and faculty. So just know that if you're checking our Twitter feed, you're going to get some search strategies and tips and tricks that other students aren't getting. So you should be checking that out, as well.


So we are going to sign off here in a few minutes. We will go ahead and stop the recording now, and we're going to stay on for a few minutes and see if there's any additional questions. So for everybody who has to leave, thank you for attending. Kim, we don’t we go ahead and stop the recording and we will take some more questions?


>> KIM BURTON:  Sure, Andrea. Somebody just asked the question, they wanted to know, do you have to be in the dissertation phase to get the doctoral research assistance, or can you still be in the course part of your doctoral study?


>> ANDREA LEMIEUX:  You can be in any part of your program. Actually, for any of our graduate students that we have attending the webinar, I recommend, you're more than welcome to meet with me early on and we can talk about different strategies to help you find a gap in the literature for your topic. We can talk about more advanced search strategies. So, you can actually contact me at any time. If you're contacting me when you’re writing Chapter 2 of your literature review, you might have missed some opportunities to learn some of the research strategies along the way. So, feel free to go ahead and schedule an appointment at any time in your program when you're coming across issues or you would like more one-on-one help.


>> KIM BURTON:  Great.


>> ANDREA LEMIEUX:  What other questions do we have?


>> KIM BURTON:  We don't have any other questions right now, but we do have a lot of people thanking you for all of this great information that you shared with us tonight, and they really did love the webinar.


>> ANDREA LEMIEUX:  Terrific.


>> KIM BURTON:  Thank you everyone, for coming.


>> ANDREA LEMIEUX:  Thank you so much, and look for other webinars to becoming throughout the year, and we will see you again next time. Thank you for coming.


>> KIM BURTON:  Thanks, bye bye.



End Transcript


Created June 2018 by Walden University Library