Skip to main content

Library Transcripts

Transcript - Advanced Library Research for Counseling Students - Mar 4 2019

Video Link: https://youtu.be/uAFKABGxrUw

 

 

Begin Transcript

 

Narration:

 

>> ANDREA LEMIEUX: 

So, welcome, again, to Advanced Library Research for Counseling Students. As I've already mentioned, I'm Andrea Lemieux, the Liaison Librarian to the Schools of Psychology and Counseling. That pretty much means I'm really your dedicated librarian to help you with your research your time here at Walden.

 

Here is what we are going to cover tonight. We are going to look at advanced database search skills, selecting databases, so which databases should you be going to for what on the library website. We're going to talk about how to access background information. And then more specifically, theories and methodologies, because that comes up in both coursework as well as capstone and dissertation level research, as well.

 

We're going to talk about Google Scholar, I know that's a favorite to students, so I put that little bit toward the end so we know you at least stay for the Google Scholar section. We are going to talk briefly about staying organized, because we are going to talk about lots of different places to search and lots of ways to do that searches. So how do you stay organized in the whole process?

 

Then at the end, I am going to talk a little bit about doctoral research resources which will be specific to some of the tasks you will be doing is a dissertation student. That doesn't apply to all of our students tonight, because this is a webinar for undergraduates to graduates to doctoral students, really anyone who wants to freshen up their skills, who is familiar with the library website and doing some basic searching, but not getting is relevant results as quickly as they would like. And just some other tools, tips and tricks to put in your tool bag for the various kinds of research you will be doing.

 

Then at the end, we are going to talk about where to get help.

 

Before we get started, I just want to cover two concepts that we talked about in the introductory webinar that's available on our website. So if you didn't happen to attend that last quarter, I just want to make sure that I can make sure that we're all the same page.

 

So a few things to cover is that really, what we're going to be talking about tonight fall under this big umbrella of two kind of concepts. And one of them is kind of the lifecycle and creation of academic and scholarly information. We're not going to go into all the nuances about how scholarly information is produced and accessed, but it's important to know that it's just not freely available online, which is why we emphasize using the Walden Library so much. It's really mostly accessed through the databases that we have at the library that are licensed to us to companies like EBSCO and ProQuest, which are the two that you're probably the most familiar with.

 

So, know that your tuition pays for these databases, they're actually relatively expensive and they aren't cheap. They are relatively expensive because of the way the scholarly information is produced. We purchased these databases specifically to support the program areas here at Walden. So we choose databases that are specific to counseling to help you complete your degree program here.

 

Within that, know that research is like writing. It's really an iterative process. That can look different in a few different ways. What I mean by that is, you might go into a database and have to try a variety of searches until you come to the most relevant results.

 

You might have to try that search multiple databases, and then you have to rerun it to, again, get the most relevant results in this different databases. And all of this is going to depend on your topic and purpose of your research, so what is you are trying to accomplish.

The more time you invest in learning this, the more time and frustration you are going to save down the road. I think that's a pretty good trade-off. You put a little bit of work into the front end to get a really big payoff on the back end.

 

We covered a little bit in the introductory webinar, these six steps I'm going to talk about. We're going to go over them briefly and we are going to talk a little bit more about some of the more advanced search techniques within these steps. You can use this process in matter where you are in your program. If you are answering an assignment, if you are answering a discussion, or if you're working on a final project all the way up to dissertation level research. These six steps don't really vary much, it's just the nuances of searching them in the database.

 

The first is, we have to choose a database that fits your topic the purpose of that. And we are going to talk again about some specific things tonight of how you go about deciding which database to use. We are going to talk about breaking your topic up into keywords and how you can manipulate those keywords or you can search for them to get the most relevant results. And that's in how you limit your results and manipulate those keywords.

 

Then you're going to search and review your results, you're going to see what results you have anything relevant. Then Number 5 is where most of the iterative process comes into play. We are going to experiment with our search. We are going to try different keywords, we are going to try them in different databases and look for them in different parts of the article.

 

Last and not least is getting the full text, so looking for that PDF or HTML link. We will talk a little bit more tonight about the Find @ Walden link.

 

So let's jump into a database search and see what all of those steps look like. The first thing we are probably going to search for is a database that searches journals that are related to our topic. So that's what we do right here in the subject resources box.

 

What this means is, if you imagine yourself going into a physical library I go in to this box right here clicking the drop-down menu means that you are going to that section of the library. So was counseling students, we are likely going to start most of our searches on the counseling research homepage. And this is what all of these are, research homepage that particular topic.

 

So we going to go ahead and click on counseling. And, since all of the research homepages are set of the same, we can always look for this drop-down menu that says counseling databases.

 

When you click on that, you will see a couple that are listed as Best Bets. Those are the ones you can start with and know that you were going to get, you're going to be searching a broad collection of journals in that subject area. So my recommendations are always to start with PsycINFO and even though Academic Search Complete is listed as a Best Bet, these really are the two best ones to start with.

 

Let's do a search in PsycINFO. Now if you're looking at ... let me see if I can zoom in a little bit on this ... so if you're looking at the PowerPoint at the steps the first one is choosing the database. So we have chosen the database, PsycINFO, because that's related to counseling and psychology, so we want to look there.

 

The first thing to remember speaker topic into main ideas and put one idea or concept into a search box. Let's assume that our topic is drug abuse with high school students and prevention programs related to that.

 

So what does the current literature tell us about drug use or drug abuse with high school students and how that prevention looks?

 

We are going to type in drug abuse in the first search box, high school students in the second search box and prevention in the third search box.

 

Now, it's always great to start with your topic, the words that you have at hand, just start from there, because we always have to start from somewhere, right? Then I want to kind of point out the third step was limiting research, so this bottom half of the page has a whole bunch of limiters. And what we mean by this is there's a lot of different things that you can select that will limit your results to whatever it is that you choose.

 

No we always want to start almost all of our searches really broadly to see what we get. If we start the really narrow, it's really hard to figure out why we only came up with five results. So we want to start really broad.

 

Typically for assignments or discussions, you are going to click this full text. But since this webinar is focused on advanced library research, I am going to uncheck full text, because we can always get you to full text later on if necessary for capstone and dissertation level work. So we want to see without there in the literature. We don't necessarily need to get our hands, right now, on the full text. We are going to uncheck that and we're always going to check peer-reviewed. Because that's scholarly information we want that goes through that peer-reviewed process.

 

One other thing, typically we limit by year in advanced research, because often in your coursework or dissertation work, we're looking for what the most current literature says. That doesn't mean we are going to always limit by year, but we are going to limit by the last 10 years to see what is being represented out there. So I'm going to put 2009 in the first search box it is not going to put anything in the second search box, because it's going to default to whatever the most current literature is.

 

So going to go ahead and click search. And you can see here we have 130 results. Now, we can experiment with this search little bit more. The first thing when you see in your results is two, the first thing to do when you see your results is to kind of look through the list and look for other terms that might be used.

 

So we might be using drug abuse, but there's a few other ways you can talk about drug abuse. Another way to talk about drug abuse is substance abuse or addiction, those are all really similar concepts.so we don't want to limit our results to just drug abuse, if the article talks about high school students and addiction, we want to look at those articles, as well.

 

We can put all of the similar concepts in one search box and know that the database is going to return an article that mentions any of these. Now just remember that the default ANDs on the left mean the article also has to talk about high school students and it also has to talk about prevention.

 

Now we click search, and we can see that our results are now at 322. So that's great. We might look at our results list and see oh, it looks like the database is using adolescence if you look down here is a term to describe teenagers.

 

Maybe we want to also include in our search teenagers or adolescence. So if we click search because we've added more options to our search, we should get even more results from 322. It should probably increase just a little bit.

 

It goes up to1000 results. Now we're probably getting too broad, that's too many to really browse through. This is where the iterative process comes in. Data find enough literature that I want to review on just high school students, or did I really need to include teenagers or adolescents? Another option is maybe research high school students now and then search more broadly for teenagers and adolescents after.

 

So going to take these out, because 1000 results is too much for me to browse through. So I'm going to go ahead and click search and we're back down to 322. So now I can easily read the title of the article. A little trick that you might not have known about is this little button over here with the magnifying glass and the piece of paper will let you quickly read part of the abstract so you don't actually have to click on the article title.

 

We've pretty much gone through some of the basic steps. Now I want to search teenagers, if I did want to add in teenagers back, something to think about, and this is a little bit more of an advanced search technique, is that an article might reference teenagers, but they also might reference teams, as well. So when you come across variations of a word, to make sure that you're capturing all the different ways the word might be used in the database, you can take off the end of the word that difference between them and you can put in asterisk. And how you get an asterisk is by pushing the 8 button on your keyboard and the shift key. I'm going to go ahead and click search.

 

Now that still increased our results a little bit, so again I'm going to go back, that still too many to  search so I'm going to delete that, go back to our 300.

 

I'm thinking 322 might be a little bit too much for me to review right now, it again, it depends on if you're reviewing the literature for your dissertation or working on the literature for your coursework. Something I want to point out is this line, I've already pointed it out a little bit, this subject line here, every time an article is added to a database, the company, either EBSCO or ProQuest one of the other databases assigned to a subject terms that means the main ideas of the articles are listed here. So all articles that are about drug abuse are labeled as drug abuse so that would search that, all these articles are grouped together.

 

Now, to give them together and our search results we are going to start using some of these options here on the right-hand side. Now I can see that this database uses the official term "drug abuse." They also have their official term of high school students. Prevention is also another subject term that they use. And so is addiction. So I don't see substance abuse in that list, so I'm going to actually take out substance abuse and leave drug abuse and addiction, high school students and prevention.

 

Now I, for sure, only what articles that are specifically about drug abuse and high school students. So I am, in this drop-down menu, going to search for these terms only in that subject line. So only articles that have been assigned the subject. And I'm going to go ahead and click search and see what happens.

 

Now my results are down to 75. Perfect. That's a perfect number to browse through if I need an article right away. Again, if I don't, I might want to search everywhere for those terms. I can also search for prevention in those subjects. If I do, I think it's going to limit my results too much, because it's only articles that are about prevention. But I really interested in any article that kind of talks about prevention or has some aspect of prevention to it.

 

So in this sense, I can click the drop-down menu and I can search for this term in the abstract. So that means that it's not as narrow as searching for it in the subject line. It's a little bit more broad and its searching for it in the article's abstract. That means that it's important enough the author mentioned in the abstract, so it's going to talk about prevention somewhat in the article. So going to go ahead and click search engine I'm done to 60 articles. So that's perfect. Within the last 10 years. And we can read through here and access the full text through the PDF or the HTML, and just as a reminder, the Find @ Walden button means that the full text of this database doesn't live in the PsycINFO database. It actually lives in another database.

 

But PsycINFO is clever enough that is going to connect us to the full text. And typically how that works is that when you click on it, it's going to bring you a link to the database where you can find the full text. So if I click on Pub Med Central, it should open it up. Perfect. And you will be able to get the full text here, so you can get the article PDF. Often, let's see, if we click another one, the Find @ Walden will bring you directly to the article. This one didn't, either, but we can select any of these databases and get to the full text. Every once in a while, the Find @ Walden link doesn't work, because some of the data input about the article is incorrect. So you can always contact us for those articles.

 

So those are some of the more advanced search techniques. You're going to see on the left-hand side a menu option for more limiters. And you will see for age, there is limiters. There is gender for limiters. You will see that these are really just limiters that are pulling from this subject line. So you can select for male or female. Here, this article is about adolescence and school-age. So you can limit that really quickly here.

 

You can look at more subjects by clicking this button right here the gives you the drop-down menu. If you click show more, it's going to show you all the subjects that are listed for these articles, so you can develop more keyword searches from here, as well.

 

I always recommend to students to be really judicious and what they pick for limiters, because you may be limiting something it's not be aware in the ways that it might be limiting of results in you might not really get as many relevant results in short, looking for. So just know that these options are over here if you want to experiment with those. Because remember, it's iterative. You can click on something and if you look at your results if you look at how relevant they are, you can always unselect that limiter.

 

So I want to talk a little bit more about subject. So I am going to go back to advanced search and clear my search and show you one more search in here about a topic on resilience and trauma. Again, I want to know without their in the literature about resilience and trauma. I'm going to uncheck full text in am going to check peer-reviewed. This is a really broad search, two terms, very broad concepts. I don't have any alternative keywords to search, so going to go ahead and click search.

 

And I can see all of a sudden, I have 2500 results. So if I look at the subject line, I can see that resilience is a subject and trauma. So I can limit articles to only those articles about resilience and trauma. So both of them have to be in the subject line. So their main ideas are resilience and trauma. It's now I'm down to 914. I didn't remember to limit by date so I can still do that here and select 2009. Just by clicking away from it automatically updates it. So I'm at 713.

 

While there's some other concepts related to resilience that I learned about in a class, I can't think of, I really at a loss for generating any keywords other than resilience. But I know there's other psychological terms that kind of encapsulate that same idea. So, for those of us in attendance that skew a little older, you probably remember this from high school or maybe you had this in your home or maybe your member and as an undergraduate, using a thesaurus. All of the sources is a book of synonyms and helps you generate ideas for other words that are similar kind of capture a different nuance of the word.

 

So how we do that in a database is we literally look at thesaurus. Now, the thesaurus linked to these subjects. So all the thesaurus is in the database is definitions and related terms of whatever have listed in these subjects lines. I'm going to go ahead and click on thesaurus. We don't want this first search box we want this second one. Because this is going to search inside the thesaurus. We are going to click on term contains, in case there is different entries for subjects terms that include resilience adequate to click on browse. I see, as a result my results list, there is a term for resilience. It often gives me a definition.

 

It doesn't here, but it does give me an interesting note right here. It tells me that before 2003 the database used the term hardiness. That is another term maybe I want to search. It might not be a psychological term, but that might have been a common term in the literature before 2003.

 

What I really like about the thesaurus and students find really helpful is this list right here. It gives you broader terms and related terms. So some of those terms you might've been thinking about were cognitive reserve, posttraumatic growth. So these are all terms that you can add in. If we click on posttraumatic growth, you can see that resilience is listed but it gives you a definition and also tells you you might want to look at trauma, adversity, posttraumatic stress. So I am probably going to copy posttraumatic growth, go back to my search, and I can search it one of two ways. I can search in resilience or posttraumatic growth, and I know it's a subject terms, so I can leave that in the dropdown. But know that if I'm adding in another option in my search, that is going to increase my search results. So if I click search, I'm now up to 1000.

 

So probably not at this point I want to review some of the literature and add in another concept here to limit them. Maybe I want to limit the results by population. Maybe there is a subtopic of compassion fatigue, so working with patients that have experienced trauma and dealing with their resilience, or possibly the therapists' resilience and compassion fatigue. So if we were to copy that, paste that in the third search box, age limit our results quite a bit.

 

So now we're down to 16, and we will have to begin the results list. And so these are likely articles about compassion fatigue and resilience and posttraumatic growth dealing with trauma patients but from a therapist perspective. So we would have to review the results and experiment if that wasn't what we wanted.

 

Before I move on to the next topic, are there any questions that anybody has? If you have questions go ahead and type them into the question box, though. Again after we get through our second section and see if there is any questions at that point, as well.

 

Okay, great. Let's go back to the PowerPoint and look at what we discovered. We talked about keywords, limiting options. Field searching is searching the field, limiters, subject terms. And we talked about using the thesaurus. You can refer back to the PowerPoint to do that in your own research.

 

So let's talk about what databases to search. We've already talked about searching specific, subject specific databases. Really the benefit of those is it's just a great place to start when you don't know where else to start you can start there. They are great for searching a topic deeply, so you can really get down deep into the psychology and counseling journals that we have.

 

You can also find information in other types of databases, so it might be just a database that searches just dissertations or a database that just searches videos. So, now you can search those types of databases, as well. And those will be subject specific, because it would just be dissertations. Then you can search for your topic in there.

 

Now there's something I want to cover which is a search tool called Thoreau. I'm going to search over to the library website again. I am going to keep this search open to but I'm going to open the library webpage, again. I'm going to talk about this funny little search box up here that just about every student loves to use and start off with, because it is very Google-esque.

 

What Thoreau is, is a search tool that searches most of our databases at the same time. So when you search in Thoreau, it's like going into the physical library and searching every single section. So if we are searching for information about high school students and drug abuse, we're going to go look at the business section, we're going to look in the computer section. The counseling section, and even the health sciences section. So you can see why you might not want to use Thoreau. It's because I probably guessed right away that you're going to get lots and lots of results, just like you would in Google, because it's searching a broader swath of information.

 

So going to go ahead and click on advanced search and show you what that would look like. So if I'm going to type in drug abuse or ... I think we had drug use first or substance abuse or addiction and then, high school students. Then, we had prevention.

 

So I am going to uncheck full text. I am going to check peer-reviewed and the publication date looks a little different, but I'm going to search the last 10 years and see what I find.

 

So we get 2708 results. If you look at the publication information under here, it will tell you the database that it's coming from. So by quickly browsing, I can tell you that some are coming from our education databases and some are coming from international security and counterterrorism reference center. So that not really be quite on-topic. Health sciences, but we are not really interested in the health sciences aspect of it.

 

So know that Thoreau serves a purpose, it is really great to use if you're not sure where to search for your topic, or sort of what is out there in the literature. You just want to get really quick and dirty results list to just see without there.

 

One way to see what other databases you might want to search is on the left-hand side, there is a dropdown menu for databases. So it is telling me that 415 of these results are coming from Academic Search Complete. So know I pointed out Academic Search Complete on the counseling research homepage. But I'm also scene they're coming from a little bit other, a few other databases, as well. If I click show more, I can see that elater coming from Education Source which is an education database.

 

So I can always go back to the Walden Library homepage, and I wanted to, maybe search some of our education databases. So I would click on education, the education databases, and I can go into education source and do the same search that adjusted in PsycINFO.

 

Now, there's going to be some overlap. Education Source has some of the same information that PsycINFO does. But also have some unique information. So if you're trying to be comprehensive, you will want to searchable databases. And any of the other ones in this list which also has View All Education Databases that are relevant to your topic. Again, it just depends on your topic the purpose of your research.

 

Again, if you're just try to answer an assignment or discussion question, you can search one or two databases. If you are searching for your dissertation, you're probably going to search a few dozen databases.

 

So now that I've talked about databases and which ones you might want to search and when, let's quickly go back to our PowerPoint. So there's a little bit more information about Thoreau there.

 

I want to talk a little bit more about how to find background information, theories and methodologies. You are not always going to be looking for journal articles, right? Sometimes you can use scholarly information, it doesn't have to be peer-reviewed, either to educate yourself on a topic that you're researching before you actually look for scholarly, peer-reviewed research articles. Or, you can answer an assignment or discussion question using, possibly, an encyclopedia or handbook. So know that the reference materials you used either as an undergraduate or in high school or any other point, we still have those and they are still very helpful. So our reference databases primarily fall into SAGE Knowledge and SAGE Research Methods. Into want to show you what those look like.

 

So we're going to go back, again, to the homepage. So how you access those is up here through Start Your Research. So any research task that you want to accomplish, usually you can find a link to on the homepage, or you can find under this Start Your Research. Start your research gives you a little bit broader overview of the resources that we have and different ways to search them.

 

So under search by type, you will see encyclopedias, handbooks and dictionaries. So if you click on there, you're going to see the two here that are listed. What is really great about SAGE Knowledge is it has general encyclopedias and handbooks in there.

 

So I might be wanting to know, For example, what is the current literature say about drug use among high school students? But I might also, for my own edification, need to know more about drug use in general. I just type in drug use, I could type in drug use, drug abuse, I'm not sure which terms this database will use, so I can use multiple search terms.

 

But if I look here, I can see that there's lots of different entries in different encyclopedias on that. So drug abuse, the ideology and cultural considerations in The Handbook of Racial and Ethnic Minority Psychology. The Sociology of Drug Use in 21st Century Sociology. Disseminating Effective Approaches to Drug Use Prevention. This might not be exactly on-topic, but my gives us some ideas on research and prevention that we haven't thought about. So if we click on the title we can see inside that chapter.

 

I can't really emphasize enough how great this is for educating yourself on a topic. It's going to usually have an overview of that,, some different things to think about as far as, from a minority perspective. Minority populations rate of drug use, if we scroll down, a little bit more, I want to say I looked at this one earlier and it had information on ... this one has cultural interventions. This wasn't the one I was looking at, but I did find an entry earlier, I will click on one other one and see if it had ... it had a whole list of theories associated with drug use that might be helpful in your research. But it also has references review can look up and see if we have these articles, as well in the Walden Library. So it's also going to give you a bibliography that you might want to look at a little more closer.

 

I'm going to go back one and see if I can find the entry that had information on theories. Maybe it was The Sociology of Drug Use. So I'm just going to look at a few of the chapters and see what's in there. I'm going to scroll down and see ... okay, so, it has a little bit of people who were in the widget this area that you might want to know about. So it has Theories of Drug Use. So it's going to give you an overview of theories, maybe, that may be helpful to you in your research. So social control, self-control, and it might list some references and people, researchers in that field that you would want to look at.

 

So let's go back, again, to the homepage. So remember, Start Your Research is where you get to our reference materials. Encyclopedias, handbooks and dictionaries. The other one I wanted to point out to you is SAGE Research Methods online. That is like reference materials, just for looking at different research methods. Probably the best way to search this database is by keyword. So if your research is centering around a focus group, then you can enter in focus group in the search box, and even though you may have learned a little bit in your qualitative research class about focus groups, you can find much more in-depth information in our reference materials. So, focus group methodology principles and practice. So you don't have to go out and buy these materials. You can look at them here and refine your research approach using the materials that we have here. So, focus group interviews, doing focus groups, advanced focus group research. So these are all titles you can look at to help with your research methods.

 

Let's go back to looking at background, theories and methodologies. Let's just talk a little bit more before we move on about theories and methodologies. Now we've already, even though you might not think about I talked about ways in which you can search for theories and methodologies. So if you are looking for a particular methodology, you can search for that methodology in research articles.

 

If you wanted to look for, say, racial identity theory, you can simply enter that into a search box in one of the databases, if you're looking for transformational leadership theory, you can enter that into one of the search boxes. And then articles that are using that theory, you can limit it to abstract to narrow it, you're going to get results related to those theories. So you can use our reference materials for background information, then you can look for those theories in the databases and see what kinds of articles are being to what kind of topics are being used in relationship to those theories. You can also search for your topic and add in the word theory or theories and see what is being used, say, if you just search for drug use, what theories are being used to research that very broad subject area?

 

Before we get to Google Scholar, is there any questions? Okay, I don't see any questions in the questions box. So make sure to ask those if you need any clarifying information, or if we need to review anything that we covered.

 

Let's talk a little bit about Google Scholar. Now, most students like to use Google Scholar, because it's more comfortable for them, because who doesn't use Google, in general? I must use Google at least a dozen times a day and I use Google Scholar, actually, myself. But I use it for very specific reasons. So I want to talk a little bit about why you would use Google Scholar.

 

So let's actually go to Google Scholar and see what happens when we type in to when we enter... Let's do this... Let's be very general. We won't even type in type all of the alternative terms we used in the database. I'm going to go ahead and click search.

 

Now, the problem that I first see when I go to Google Scholar is that I have 2 million results. So the first issue is, that's a little intimidating for most people. It's a little intimidating to me. Now it's making it relevance, but if you look, there is no limiter for full text and there is no limiter for peer-reviewed. So let's talk first about peer-reviewed. These articles are being pulled from multiple places, so it could be a journal article or it could be a book or it can be conference proceedings. You can look a little closely at the publication information and you can tell that. Sometimes this might be from just a science magazine. It's hard to tell without clicking on it. It might be from a variety of sources. Again, it's like searching the entire world's library. Not just the library like we do with Thoreau, but the entire world. That's always a getting 2 million results. You would think if you click on the title, you would be able to get full text. But if we click on the title, let's see what happens here, typically you're going to be given the abstract, which is good, because you can read with article is about. But it's going to prompt you to buy the article. Remember, we are deductible, your tuition is already paying for access to full text. So Google Scholar isn't the best place to look for full text.

 

You can also get free articles, often, by clicking any link that is associated with it to the citation. So we can click here it looks like a couple of these we can get the full text to. But not all of them. So there are a few things we can do to increase our chances of getting the full text if you're pretty persistent in using Google Scholar.

 

So, we can go to the settings, and we can click on more settings here, click on Library links, and we can type in Walden. And we see that there is a link for Walden University. So by clicking this and clicking save, we are linking the Walden Library to Google Scholar.

 

Now, once we link for that, we can see more options. Here are these Find @ Walden links just like we saw in the database, which means that the full text lives somewhere else. And if we were to click it, we should come to the full text. But we're still missing full text for all the articles. So I typically don't advise students to search here, topically.

 

This is what I generally advise students to use Google Scholar for. Let's go back to our topic, I just happen to have this one open, on resilience or posttraumatic growth, trauma and compassion fatigue. Now let's just say, I am going to...let's see if this works. I want to find an old article. Okay. This article is from 2008. That is probably a little bit too dated to use for my final project or my dissertation work. So I want to see who has cited this article in the future, because that might tell me if this is the seminal article. So if this is a popular article that researchers based quite a bit of their work on. So it will tell me that. It will also lead me to other articles, then, that I might want to look up, that are more recent. Because remember, our databases are limited, but Google Scholar search is the world's libraries.

 

Let me see if I can copy and paste the title quickly ... this is from 2008. If a copy this title and I back to Google Scholar and I searched the title in here, that's the only one that's going to come up. So if I look at this cited by link here it tells me 336 articles that Google could find have cited this. So that means that it's probably a relatively influential article. In about 11 years, over 300 other research articles have cited this, or books. This is going to, again, search all materials, because we can't limit to just peer-reviewed, we can't limit to just journal articles or books.

 

So when I click on that link I will see the 336 results. Some of them I can get the full text. For the ones you can't, you can ask us about. This in particular is a book, so it might not be of interest to us. So we can look for these and see if these are related. Then, supplement our research in this way.

 

So if you use Google Scholar for targeted, as a tool the targets very specific information, it can be really, really useful. Our databases have a similar functionality, but it's not as robust as Google Scholar's is. So know that we can look at articles in the future that have been influenced this original article.

 

Is there any questions related to Google Scholar, or any of the previous information that we looked at?

 

Okay, great. So let's go back to the PowerPoint and we will cover a few other things before we wrap up.

 

Let's talk about staying organized. We have done about a dozen searches. We've looked at a couple different databases as well as Thoreau, so we can track that, as well. If you are doing extensive research and something, it is going to get really confusing and the waters will become muddied really quickly. Because you're going to see a lot of the same articles, you're going to be searching between databases, and you are going to maybe do a lot of research one weekend and then not touch that research for another week or so and then you have forgotten where you searched and what keyword searches were the best, because you have it reviewed all the results that. So there's a few different ways we can do that. I'm not going to talk about all of them tonight, which is going to talk about two of them tonight. And then, there's links you can! Later on.

 

The third tool I am going to talk about tonight is what is search log is and a literature review matrix. A lot of our students will try to save searches in EBSCO or ProQuest, and I don't really advise students to do that, because it can be really clunky, if you don't sign in to your account, to begin with, you are going to lose the results that you saved. So I don't really advise that, but I did include information here on how to get that set up. And also have a link here for citation management software if you want to track your searches, not necessarily or searches, your results and specific articles much more in-depth.

 

Let's talk about what a search log is and a literature review matrix. So we're going to go back to the library homepage. If you have used this search box before, it defaults to Thoreau's. So you probably used in that sense. If you click on the button To it, search everything, it's going to search the entire library's website. So I want information on what is search log is so going to type in search log and see what the library has on that.

 

Now, the thing to look for when you use that search box at the top is this Quick Answers column in the middle. This is pretty much a FAQ database of things that our students ask us a lot. You can see that search log is something that students ask us a lot about. So what this is is simply a table that tracks the databases that you searched, your search terms and the results. And maybe some notes like some other keyword terms that you've found and those sorts of things. So you can check that all here. You can create this in Excel, I think it's much more useful to use it that way than in a table in Word or something like that. So know that you can create that on your own with four really easy column headings that you can use.

 

This is to check your database searches. On some level, you might want to start tracking the articles that you find and comparing them, whether it's seminal articles or maybe articles that use certain methodology or theoretical framework. And so in that sense, if you want to do that, if you look at the links at the bottom, you will going to see that it has a link to the Writing Center and organizational tools. If you click on there, you will see a literature review matrix, and there is an example of it when you click on it. And what that does is it tracks it but article. So we're not looking at the database level anymore, we're looking one more level down into articles. So here you can quickly compare theoretical framework, methodology, conclusions of the research, and compare them. So that is one way to do that, as well.

 

Any questions about how to stay organized?

 

Okay, we are going to cover one more quick slide, because there are lots of steps to the process for doctoral students -- and again, not all our students tonight are doctoral students -- so I put some links here for some very specific tasks that are unique to our doctoral students. So we have webinars and other guides two things like finding a gap in the literature, exhausting the literature, working on your literature review. Often, your research is going to focus on using some kind of test or measure, so we have a webinar and a guide on that, as well. As well as citation management software. So know that you can go a look at these resources. I highly recommend, because not all of these are linked in your courses, to go through and look at all of these systematically. Because as a doctoral level student, you're going to cover some of the theoretical aspects of this in your coursework. But the actual application of what it means to find gap in the literature, and how you might do that in the library looks a little bit different. So I would certainly recommend watching these webinars and reading through these guides.

 

And last but not least, there is some information here on how to get help. So we already talked about Quick Answers. I will point out where our Ask a Librarian and doctoral research appointment information is. And also where you can access our webinar archive as well as library skill guides, as well. So let's go back and take a peek at the library again, real quick.

 

A lot of that information you will find over here at Ask a Librarian. This will be the top of all of our webpages. You can email or chat with us. If you leave us a phone message, we will respond with an email. So just know, sometimes it's easier to leave a message, but look in your email for a response from us. You can also make doctoral research appointments you're a doctoral student, or if you are a graduate student working on a final project of some kind, as well. So know that you can do that and you just follow the steps here to find myself if you're again, for the counseling students, you would look for your information here for your school and program area.

 

If you go back to the library homepage, where you find the webinar archives and library skills guides are through Get Help. So if you click Get Help at the top, you can see our upcoming webinars or recorded webinars. You can click on there and the recording from tonight will be there, but you also be emailed that, as well. Also know have lots of library skills guides. So if you want to know more in-depth about citation management software, there is academic. Database search skills, all of those things are listed here. The tests and measures guide that only two. So these are some more in-depth guides that explain some of the processes of the research that you're going to be doing while you're here at Walden.

 

So that is it. Those are a little bit more of the advanced research techniques that you'll be using. So what I recommend going from, Where to go from here is to download the PowerPoint, have that handy. Because again, those six steps will lead you through most of what you need to do. Then, you can look at some of the other slides. Depending on what the topic and purpose is of your research. So reference materials might help. Google Scholar might help. Into might not have covered something that's going to be helpful to you in your research. That's when you're going to want to look at those other webinars like finding a gap in the literature, as well as making sure that you've exhausted the literature for Chapter 2 of your dissertation. So know that those resources are out there, as well.

 

I'm going to go ahead and stop the recording and stick around for just a couple minutes and see if there's any questions.

 

It doesn't look like there are any more questions, but if anyone thinks is something they went to throw out there, whether it's a topic they've been researching themselves or a particular wall they might have come up against in their own research, I'm happy to answer any of those questions.

 

If there's any questions, go ahead and type them into the questions box. I don't see any, I can see on my end, it looks like someone, a few people had some questions are raised their hands, probably the best way to do that is just put any questions in the questions box.

 

It looks like we're good for the night, so no questions. Everyone have a lovely night. Please come out to any of the other webinars that we are having. Again, look at some of those recordings. And if you are still struggling, make a doctoral appointment or send us your question at Ask a Librarian. So have a great night!

 

End Transcript

 

Created by Walden University Library