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Transcript - Advanced Research in Criminal Justice - Dec 13 2017

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>> Taylor: Good afternoon, everyone. Welcome to the Advanced Research in Criminal Justice, we will be getting underway in a couple of moments so just please hang tight and I will be back with you in a moment.


Okay, we are going to go ahead and get underway it is at the top of the hour now this is the Advanced Research in Criminal Justice webinar, my name is Taylor Leigh. I am a school librarian and the liaison to the School Of Public Policy and Administration here at Walden. Before we get underway, this will be recorded, but before I start the recording I want to take care of a couple of things. I need to confirm the audio. I am alone today and many times we have what is called a copilot behind the scenes, but if someone can type in the chat window in the GoTo Webinar that they are hearing me and seeing my screen, that would be great!


Okay, people are saying that they can see and hear me. Thank you for that. So that does it for me, the audio and screen shares. I also wanted to mention something about the slides. The slides from today's presentation are available to you to download if you would like to. Those are located in the handouts section of go to webinar. I've already gone ahead and uploaded them there. You can go there and you should see the file and download there if you'd like. We are going to be steering away from the presentation once we get underway but it can be helpful because I have hyperlinked a bunch of things there and so that is helpful if you wanted.

The way we are going to handle the questions, since I don't have anyone helping me, I am going to stop intermittently to see if there are any questions. If there are questions, I might answer them immediately, or I might hang onto those until the very end because we will save some time for those. If I don't immediately respond, don't take that personally, we will get to it. And for any reason we don't get to your question, I will follow up with you after the meeting.


So you should feel free to submit questions at any time of the presentation and you can do that by clicking on that questions to in GoTo Webinar and just entering those there.

So that's all of the logistical notes I'm going to go back to start the recording--


(Lost audio for a few seconds)


-- With that being said, let's get underway. Welcome everyone, this is the Advanced Research in Criminal Justice webinar. My name is Taylor Leigh and I'm the Liaison Librarian to the School of Public Policy and Administration here at Walden University. This webinar is for students who have completed the bulk of their coursework and are starting to think about their dissertation.


For the purpose of this webinar, I'm going to assume that you are already familiar with the library's website, you've been there, and you've poked around a little bit, as well as your particular research homepage. And at least a few subject specific databases.


With that being said, everyone is welcomed here, I just wanted to include that disclaimer in case you find yourself wondering what I'm talking about at any given point in this presentation. If you do find yourself in that situation, I recommend going back after this webinar and watching the introduction to public policy research, public policy and Criminal Justice research webinar, because it will clarify a lot of the things that we discuss here.


And there will be certain things that I -- (muted)


We are going to discuss advance search strategies for scholarly databases. We are also going to discuss pertinent parts of the library's homepage and helpful resources that advanced level students have at their disposal. With that being said, let's take a look at our objectives for the webinar.



[...New Slide...]

Our first objective today is to learn how to access Quick Answers and Library Skills Guides, two very useful resources. Next, we are going to learn about Boolean operators and how we can use them in databases.  We're going to also discuss some alternatives to the standard keyword search, keyword search is probably the search that most of you are most familiar with, but we'll talk about some alternative -- searching making sure that you're not only seeing everything out there when you first search but also that you are staying abreast of the literature as it is published on your topic.


And finally we're going to talk about how you go about getting those materials that we don't provide access to at the library. With that being said, we are going to go ahead and jump out of the PowerPoint over to the library homepage. Like I said, hopefully you've been here, hopefully you are more or less familiar with how the libraries page works, but I did want to point out Quick Answers and Library Guides just in case you were not aware. The way you are going to access both of these resources is via this main search bar on the library's homepage. And both of these instructional resources are designed to provide you with the information you need to answer some of the more commonly asked questions or common issues that you have as a student.


Both of these resources, unlike real librarians, human librarians, are obviously, they are accessible 24 seven, 365, they are great if you are working odd hours or something like that. And I'm just going to do a quick search here for something that you might have a question about. Like peer-reviewed. If I just typed "Peer-reviewed" in there and this is what is going to look like. There are three columns share we are interested in the two on the left. In the central column this is where all of the Quick Answers are going to display. This is a great place you're going to start really if you have any kind of question about the library or doing research in the library. And as a testament as to the utility of Quick Answers, this is where we come as libraries go when we have a question. So they're really useful. So I'm going to click on the first result here that says "What is peer review?" All of these are going to be in question form. It gives you a very short answer. Short and sweet answer to that question. "What is peer review?" And if you look at the bottom it relates to more information as well.


So that is what a Quick Answer looks like. If I go back... and I think I said left-hand columns earlier, but we are interested in the ones on the right. The ones that display on the right-hand column are the ones that are going to be those Library Skills Guide. And the way that these display is there will be two hyperlink phrases, the first one is going to be bolded and then it'll say on and there. There will be another one that is not on. The first one that is bolded, will be a section of the first one. If you want to go to the full guide you need to go to the second one that is not bolded. So I'm going to do that -- (muted)


You can tell that it provides more information than the quick answer and it has multiple pages. So there is this information and then we have "How do we limit to peer-reviewed articles when we are searching in databases?" And information about, information about I found a good article, how do I verify that it is peer-reviewed? There's information on that too. These are hopeful resources, some of our more popular guides are on evaluating resources, and we have one on capstone literature reviews, which is really popular.


Have one on keyword searching, I really detailed one on details searching-keyword searching and if you ever want to browse the guides that we have, you can come over here from the library homepage to "Help" And down to the research process and we are moving all the way down to "All Library Guides" And if you click on this it will bring up all of our guides.


Okay, so I'm just going to go back to the homepage and I'm going to use that same search bar to do a quick search for the term Boolean. And this is going to -- ( muted ) if you click on that, it's going to give you a really great answer but I have actually -- I have my own slide that covers this so I'm going to go here for now. Boolean operators, that's just a really fancy term for three terms AND, OR, and NOT and we use these words when we are doing searches in databases.


We use them to tell the database exactly how we want to search. Okay, so we're going to use these terms in between our other search terms or other keywords. They can be used to both increase, or decrease our results. Okay? So first, the word AND, that is used in between keywords -- to search for distinct concepts and we'll see an example of this in a moment, but it is always going to increase results because it's telling the database that I want to see results that have this term AND this term so an example might be recidivism and drug abuse. If you did the research on just recidivism you're going to get more from the search from recidivism AND drug abuse. OR does the opposite. We use OR in between search results for the same concept. OR will increase our results because it tells our database that I want to see results that have this term OR this term. So drug abuse OR drug addiction. NOT is going to be used less frequently than the other two. It's really used specific circumstances where you run a search and you're seeing some relevant articles, but you're also seeing a lot of articles that touch on concepts in your research topic, but also is really about something else.


So its used, as I say here, used to hone searches excluding problematic words and this is going to decrease results. For example you might search for drug abuse but you're not interested in any of the results that discuss mental illness so you would say NOT mental illness.


Okay, so let's see how this works. I'm going to hop over here. I'm going to go to the Criminal Justice homepage. As a way to get into some of these subject specific databases. So, if you've never been to the Criminal Justice research homepage, you can start here on the library's homepage and you can just come over here to "Articles by topic" We're going to click there and this is going to bring up a list of subject areas. These are all of our research homepages. It's a bit confusing because there's no phrasing on this page or the previous page that says research homepages and that something we are continuing to think about. But you can just come right here to Criminal Justice, but before we do, take a moment to just sort of, survey, the other homepages you have access to. Because often times, especially at the Doctorial level, research questions are multidisciplinary in nature.


That means you're not going to be able to just limit yourself to those resources on the Criminal Justice results homepage, you're going to need to connect your topic to the other subject areas that it touches on.


Okay, that being said, we are going to go to the Criminal Justice Research homepage, this is what it looks like, hopefully you had an opportunity to visit this page. If you have not, this is how you get there. And you can see that database is the first page in this guide.


So we are going to focus on this area for the time being, but I did want to point out some of the other -- actually, if time allows, we'll take a look at some of these other pages. So this first page database, if you scroll down, we have different sections of databases:

Criminal Justice Database s, Legal Databases, Military and Security Databases, and other Recommended Databases, and if you scroll down it says Criminal Justice Database s-Best Bets. We have four databases here. And these appear in order we think would be most helpful to you as a Criminal Justice student Criminal Justice Database -this first one. That's the one we feel that is relevant to most Criminal Justice research questions.


So, we'll click on that and we'll, go into Criminal Justice Database. Now I just said that Criminal Justice Database is our most recommended database, but that really depends on your topic. So definitely don't be afraid to explore other databases, you're going to need to do that to be able to write a good dissertation and to see all of the literature out there.


You might not get great results in Criminal Justice Database, which is the one we are in now, but if you go back and look at some of the other ones, your results might increase a lot.  So just bear that in mind when you're searching.


Okay, when you come into Criminal Justice Database, it takes you to the advanced search page. And this is where you want to be. Really, no matter what database you are using, you want to be in the advanced search page because this is going to offer you many, many ways to hone your search. As opposed to the general keyword search. So we are going to jump right in with a research question. Our sample research question for today is going to be "What is the relationship between recidivism and drug abuse among white male ex-convicts?" So the easiest way to get started is to pull keywords right out of that research question. So we are going to use one search box per concept of that question, so I'm going to add some boxes and I can do that by clicking "Add row"



So we have recidivism, drug abuse, white, males, and ex-convicts. So these are really all of the main concepts from that research question and we pulled them verbatim item that question. Now, before we search, we want to scroll down and you can see right here, it automatically limits your search to full text and so the full text box is checked in the peer-reviewed box is not checked. We want to reverse this. So check the peer-reviewed box and uncheck the full text box. Why will we uncheck the full text box? It's really a matter of the purpose of your database search.


If you're going out and looking for articles for a course assignment, you're going to want to leave this full text box checked because you are going to need full text articles very soon to complete that article. But when you get to the dissertation stage, you want to be seeing everything out there on your topic, not only those materials we have full text access to. There ways we can get full text of the materials that we don't have immediate full text access to.


So that's why we don't check full text initially. You can also limit by date here on this first page, but I prefer to wait to see how many results we get before I limits by date because we can do that on the next page as well.


So we're going to hit "Search" And this gives us 41 results. Not bad but not enough for a literature review. So how can we get more results? So what we're going to do is we're going to utilize some of those Boolean operators that we talked about, to add some additional keywords. And I'll show you another trick as well. So I'm going to click on "Modify search" And always make sure you do that when you are in Criminal Justice Database rather than clicking back because that will erase all of your search terms. So the first thing I'm going to do is, in this term, recidivism, going to delete the last three letters, the ism. And I'm going to replace it with an asterisk. This is called a truncated search each means you are interested in seeing any variation on this root. In this example, you're going to see examples for recidivist and recidivism. We are going to leave the word OR and maybe we could add repeat offend and then in*because that we will see repeat offenders, repeat offenses and finally habitual offenders. So again, you might not use these terms when you are talking about these things, but some people do.  So we need to include as many as possible to get the best results.


So drug abuse, you might think of some other terms for drug abuse. I'm going to type "Drug abuse OR drug use OR substance abuse I'm also going to do whites OR Caucasians, males OR men, ex-convicts OR ex-felons OR ex-criminals. Each of these boxes you've seen us add more terms using this Boolean operator OR. The take away is that you need to use OR in the actual boxes in the word AND appears in between the boxes. As I said before, each of these boxes we're dedicating to one concept, but that one concept can have multiple search terms and we are going to use the AND on the side of box and we are going to use the drop down boxes set to AND. So let's see how all of that affects our search.


I think we started out with 41 if we remember correctly and this gives us 102. We have more than doubled our results by using those Boolean operators. This is just an example how you can refine your search with Boolean operators. What we have been doing so far has been an example of keyword searching.


Keyword searching is great, it's going to remain one of the most reliable and straightforward ways to search, it's how you search in Google for example, but there are other ways of searching as well that you can do in some of these academic scholarly databases that we haven't Walton. Some examples of alternative searching is -- and abstract searching. Keyword searches are so easy why would we choose to do it another way? The reason is, is going to increase the relevancy of the results that you get.


Whereas, keyword searching my return results that only mention your search term once in passing, in the entire content of the article, subject terms on the other hand, are words and phrases assigned to articles based on the entirety of their content. So somebody reads the article and they say that this article is about XYZ, whereas you might say recidivism and that word might appear in an article just once but it would still show up in that list of results.


So keywords can befall Julie anything, subject terms on the other hand, are limited and specific to an individual database. Now depending on the database, subject terms might also be called indexed terms or subject headings, or even topics but they are all the same thing. So how do we know what subject terms to use in our searches? Well, after running a simple keyword search, like we've done, you can view the subject terms assigned to a result, by clicking on the abstract/detailed links under the results. So if we click on this, it's going to take us to the detailed record and if we scroll down we can read the abstract here. Keep scrolling and you see subject and it gives this list of terms.


So this is where we can review the subject terms assigned to each article and this is going to give you ideas of specific search terms -- specific subject terms to use in future searches or it might just give you some ideas of additional keywords to add to your existing search you can also go back -- I'm going to go back to our list of results...


I'm going to click on modify search here to go back to that first search screen. Another thing you can do to help think of subject terms and keyword terms, is come up here to click on this thesaurus and I'm actually going to click on this in a separate tab so I don't lose my information. What this allows you to do is type your search terms in this search bar here and it's going to show you the subject terms relevant to that search term. So for example, let's type drug use, if I type drug use, hit search, it gives you this hyperlink term, drug use, I'm going to click on this little box next to it and it gives you a very short definition. The use of drugs, either legal or illegal, and it gives your list of related terms.


For this particular term, they don't recommend anything else. You can see that all of these terms that they do recommend are hyperlinked, which means they are subject terms in this database and you can click on those and read more about each of those terms that way. But, if you were to search for something else, it might also give you broader terms, narrower terms and 'used for' terms.



So when you come in here you might want to jot down on a pad and include some of these terms in your search.

Okay, you can also look for subject terms in the databases index. The benefit of an index search is being able to see all results in a database that are categorized using the same subject terms. And you can actually do that through that thesaurus tool that we just used by following those links, by clicking on some of those hyperlinked terms but I'm going to show you one other way to do it. You can access the index in ProQuest databases, which is where we are, Criminal Justice Database is the database but ProQuest is the company that owns it. We're going to click on command line, again, I'm going to open this up in a separate tab here and then look up terms. It's kind of hard to find. But you can see this is another way you can get to the thesaurus over here.


We are going to click on "Look up terms" And from here you can view the other available indexes. So there's going to be multiple indexes in a given database. Right now we are interested in subject terms so we are going to click on "Look up terms." Which is what we did. And then we are going to look up -- I'm sorry-- look up subjects, is what I meant. And I'm going to type up that same term in here. Drug abuse.


So now, we have this box, let me see if I can make this bigger doesn't look like it. Now we can see all the various terms related to drug abuse as well as how many records or results we will get from searching for each one. So for example, you scroll down here, you can see all of the different counts. Some of them will be small, for this one drug abuse prevention and control it act 1970, there's only one result for that. A lot of the times the ones with one result are actual books. You can see, drug abuse has over a thousand. 8500 or so.


Let's see, I do want to show you how to add this to your search. We are going to select drug abuse and also anti-drug abuse act 1986. Once we have selected those, we are going to click "Add to search." and this is going to populate the big box then we will click search. And this is going to show us all of the information the database that uses all of those searches as you can see it's using either one of those search terms because it uses the Boolean operator OR. 1 Last Way to perform an index search is by clicking on the abstract in the details.


Let's do this one here. And then coming down to the subject terms again and just clicking on one. Detoxification, for example. This is automatically going to populate a new search with that term. So you might want to right-click and then open that in a new tab if you don't want to lose your current search. But as you can see, we clicked on detoxification and we get 19 results.


Okay, let's talk about another way of searching. So that was subject term searching or index searching, now we're going to talk about abstract searching and this is a very simple way to search. It's almost identical to keyword searching minus one small but important detail, abstract searching like keyword searching will only search for your term in the abstract. And your abstract it's a succinctly represents your article. And this is a particular good way to search, if you are getting far too many results.


And that's good problem to have, by the way, a lot of results. Most of the time students have the opposite problem.


To illustrate how searching the abstract can affect your results, I'm going to run a demo of all three search methods that we've discussed today.


(Demonstrating) okay, I'm going to open up a new window so I don't lose my former search. So I'm going to clear this forum and I'm going to start from scratch here. Going to type in "Drug abuse" So first I'm going to do a simple keyword search and again, I'm going to uncheck full text, check peer-reviewed, simple keyword search, see how many results we get. Okay 35,135 results. That's great! That's a lot of results. Now, we're going to go back and I'm going to come over here to this drop-down menu, to the right of the search box and it defaults to anywhere. That's the same thing as saying "Keyword search you're is looking for that term anywhere in the contents. We're going to change that and we're going to click on that and come down to -- let's see...


Let's to all subjects and indexing right here. I believe that's what I'm looking for. Or all subjects and index heading. Let's see what results we get. That brings us all the way down to 9177 results. Let's modify the search one more time and instead of searching subjects and indexing, we're going to go to abstract and we'll see how that changes our search. That brings us down to 4143 and so this is how it goes. You see an abstract result, is going to be less than a subject research as well and they are going to be very relevant. Sometimes subject terms and abstract will inverse and sometimes you get more results from an abstract result, but either one of those ways is going to give you fewer and more relevant results than the keyword search.


So let's say you find an article when you're doing one of these database searches and it seems perfect for your topic, but is from 2011. So it's from just outside of that five year window that your faculty want your literature to come from, so what do you do in this situation? One really helpful trick to know about is called citation chaining, and this is a way to identify the most influential articles on your topic on one hand, as well as more recent articles that cite a particular article and I'll show you what I mean.


You can do that to a limited extent's and Criminal Justice Database so you can see right here this link in this first result it's as "Cited by 80" That means this was published in 2003 and there are 80 articles that cite this. You may see 40 to 50 of these results may be published in the decade after this came out. But 20 or 30 might be within the last five years. This reference link on the other hand, will link to all of the references in this article that are also available in this database and so that's typically going to point in the opposite direction.


Cited by, points toward the future, references point towards the past. Okay so you can do that in these databases but this is one place where Google Scholar is particularly useful. It's useful for this because Google Scholar indexes an enormous amount of content. And what I mean by index is it has records for virtually everything out there.


So that doesn't mean it's going to provide access to it or allow you to limit peer-reviewed, but it is going to show you that something exists. So to demonstrate this, I'm just going to copy the citation and you can really take the title that's usually what I do, I'm going to hop over here to Google Scholar and copy and paste. I'm going to paste that in there, so is going to bring up the record for this article in Google Scholar, and if we look below it, just like in our other database, it has this "Cited by" If you remember I think there were 80 in Criminal Justice Database , this has 111. So 30 articles that you would not find in the other database.


This is going to be really helpful to click on, it's going to tell you how many other articles indexed by Google Scholar have cited this article. And so you can click there and is going to be a really helpful way to find more recent literature that is likely relevant to your topic.


So the cited by number is also or can be a good indication of how influential an article has been. The higher the number, the more influential article has been, but, this is also a result of when the article was published. So for example, an older article have been cited more than an article that was cited last year that doesn't necessarily mean that that older article is objectively better.


When you go through this process in Google Scholar, if you look over here to the right, oops! These things over here. These are links to free versions of this article online. Okay? You come into Google Scholar, a lot of students will click right here on the article title, don't do that, I mean you can do that, you can go in there, is going to let you read the abstract, but it takes you to the publishers page, the publishers going to say, great, you want this article, $30 and it's yours. Something along those lines. I get questions all the time "should I pay for this article?" I will say 99 times out of 100, maybe not that high, but as a Walden student, you have something that's called Document Delivery Service, the point is, don't pay for an article, check with us first. That being said, over here is where you're going to find free versions of this article.


If you have gone through the process of linking your Google Scholar to Walden library, you will see this Find@Walden link. When you see this, click that and it is recognizing that we have that article somewhere in our collection, probably in another database, clicking that link will act as a bridge and take you there. I clicked on Find@Walden and I see I have four options here to get the full text. When you have the option to get it from us, you should. Why? Because we can guarantee that this is an authentic document.


You can also get these articles from third parties that have made these articles freely available online. The only issue there is that we cannot guarantee the authenticity of the article because we don't know where it came from. That being said, it's a good tool to track down the articles that we don't have full access to.


Let me check in on the questions tab, I know we are running a little... Okay, no questions yet. Great! So then let's move on to comprehensive searching and search alerts.


Comprehensive searching, -- I'm going to back over here. This often requires that you look outside of your own search homepage. And we touched on this before. Another librarian Megh Testerman has created a wonderful webinar. How do you know when you have seen everything on your topic? I highly recommend that webinar, you can find that webinar in our archives, we don't have time to go into it too much right now, but it's important to recognize that almost all documents are to some extent all multidisciplinary. So in Criminal Justice, it might be Criminal Justice, social work, etc.


So let's say you run a really great search in Criminal Justice Database, it is particular well-crafted, it returns excellent results, almost all of them seem spot on in terms of relevancy, you may want to save these for different reasons, because you may not have time to go through 4000 articles when you're sitting down at 8 o'clock at night. Another recent is you might want to be notified of new content added to the database that aligns with your search criteria.


So the good news is, you can do this, you can do both of these things. The first of these is going to be a saved search, so we're back in this same search we ran, if we go to the top of the search page, which is where we are, and we look to the right, we see this "Save search/alert" Alert and we are going to click on that and it gives you these options, save search, create alert, create RSS feed, and get search link. If you click on the first one, "Save search," It's going to ask you to sign in. If you have not yet created an account in ProQuest, they're going to ask you to do that. And that's as simple as providing a name and an email address, it's free, but in order to create folders, which is where you're going to save articles and searches, you are going to need to set up an account. Once you do that, oh! I may have changed my password, once you have done that, you will be able to save individual results and entire searches to your folder.


And that's going to show up right up here, when you log back into Criminal Justice Database, these folders will be here.


The other option was to create an alert. This is really great, because this is going to email you every time new content is added to this database that matches your search criteria. So this is especially helpful once you are writing the literature review, you're not really digging into databases as much at that point, and you get an email and it says, "Three new articles have been added to this database that match your search criteria." So you're alerted to that without having to go back in here to look.


So you can click on that and it will ask you, you can name the alert, you can specify the frequency, and enter your email address. You also have some additional options for saving searches using the "Save" Link and you can also export these searches to a variety of citation management software or you can also save them in one of those personalized folders that I mention.


Okay, so there will be times and I'm going to look for an example of this, there would be times that you find things in these databases that don't have any full text option showing for them. On this page, there is not, but you might see -- you're not going to see the Find@Walden link or PDF, what would you do? So the first thing you do is copy and then paste that article in Google Scholar and see if you can find a free version that way, but if you can't, I'm going to hop back over here, to the library homepage, if you still can't find it, come to the library homepage, go to services and then down to document delivery. This is how you are going to request that we go find an electronic version of an article or a book chapter and we'll go do that and we'll email that to you within seven to 10 business days. Now there is a 30 article lifetime limit on DDS so most students don't ever come close to that but I just want to mention that. You don't request everything you find.


Another option you have is called WorldCat, this is an international library catalog, it has catalogs of virtually anything that's out there whether it's a book, or journal, you enter the title into this search bar, I'm just going to type Walden.


Walden or Life in the Woods by Henry David Thoreau, you can click on it or you can come down here and enter your ZIP Code and click on "Find libraries." It's going to show you all of the nearby libraries that have this book. If they are at a public institution, whether it's at a library or university, you will be able to go there and access it no problem. If it's at a private institution, you may still be able to access it, but I would just recommend calling ahead of time and say, "I'm a student at Walden University, I'd like to consult this research, is that possible?" So that's WorldCat.


And then, if you have any other questions, any other general research questions, and the way you get in touch with us is from the library's homepage, licking on "Ask the librarian." If you do that you have multiple ways to get in charge with us, we have chat hours, you can call us, and if you are a doctoral student, which I'm sure many of you are, you have the option of setting up a Doctorial research appointment with myself. These are 30 minute sit down hours where we talk about using the research options and resources. We are running short on time so I think I'll conclude there.


If you want to go back through this presentation, you can get to our webinar archive, there's a link to "Ask a librarian." There and also those Capstone appointments.


Thank you very much for attending today, I hope this was helpful. I'm going to turn off the recording now and take some of your questions.


Okay, the recordings over and I'm not seeing any questions coming in. I've got to thank you. You're welcome for attending, I hope this was helpful. Again, if you were confused at any point, I know I covered a lot of territory, in not a lot of time, you will be able to go back and watch this recording again. You can go watch the introduction to Criminal Justice webinar, you will be getting a follow-up link to review this recording and any other questions you may have, you can contact us through that "Ask a librarian email" What I tend to do with Doctorial students, once you make an appointment with me, you make an appointment with me through the library homepage, then we will have our appointment that I send you an email from my personal email after that I which point we can continue corresponding through email, but we do try to drive students through the Doctorial appointment form initially, because we like to collect some stats about where students are coming from, what are the issues that they're struggling with most commonly, etc.


So, I'm still not seeing any questions coming in, going to take that as an indication that I've explained everything so wonderfully. [Laughter]

And that everything is crystal clear. Like I said, if you think of something later, feel free to shoot us an email, we tend to get back to questions within a day. If there are no questions, I'm going to conclude this session, I hope everyone has a great rest of their day, and I hope to see you sometime in the future. Good luck with your research!



End Transcript


Created June 2018 by Walden University Library