Skip to main content

Other APA Guidelines: Latin Abbreviations

Basics of Latin Abbreviations

Latin abbreviations are an effective way to use common argumentative phrases in parenthetical material without taking up much space or distracting your readers from the main ideas of your sentences. However, in the text of your paper, you should instead use the English translations of these abbreviations.

Latin Abbreviation English Translation
i.e. that is
e.g. for example
etc. and so forth
vs. versus
cf. compare

Examples of Latin Abbreviations in Use

See these examples of sentences with Latin abbreviations paired next to sentences with the English translation.

 

Latin Abbreviation

The list includes a variety of fruits that are commonly available in most American supermarkets (e.g., apples, oranges, and bananas).

English Translation

The list includes a variety of fruits that are commonly available in most American supermarkets —for example, apples, oranges, and bananas.

 

Latin Abbreviation

The subjects were asked to describe their feelings (i.e., their moods, perceptions, and emotions) in the box provided on the survey form.

English Translation

The subjects were asked to describe their feelings—that is, their moods, perceptions, and emotions—in the box provided on the survey form.

 

Latin Abbreviation

Survey respondents ranked their choices in order of preference (first, second, third, etc.).

English Translation

Survey respondents ranked their choices in order of preference: first, second, third, and so forth.

Knowledge Check: Latin Abbreviations